PK machine gun
|PK machine gun|
PKM general-purpose machine gun
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||See Users|
Cambodian Civil War
Yom Kippur War
Soviet war in Afghanistan
First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
War in Afghanistan
Cambodian–Thai border dispute
2008 South Ossetia war
South African Border War
Libyan civil war
Syrian civil war
Second Congo War
|Number built||over 1,000,000|
|Variants||PK, PKT, PKM, PKP|
|Weight||PK: 9 kg (19.84 lb) (gun + integral bipod) + 7.7 kg (16.98 lb) (tripod).
PKM: 7.5 kg (16.53 lb) (gun + integral bipod) + 4.5 kg (9.92 lb) (tripod).
PKT (tank): 10.5 kg (23.15 lb)
|Length||PK: 1,203 mm (47.4 in)
PKM: 1,192 mm (46.9 in)
PKT: 1,098 mm (43.2 in)
|Barrel length||PK: 658 mm (25.9 in)
PKM: 645 mm (25.4 in)
PKT: 772 mm (30.4 in)
|Action||Gas-operated, open bolt|
|Rate of fire||PK, PKM: 650–750 round/min.
PKT: 800 round/min
|Muzzle velocity||PK, PKM: 825 m/s|
|Effective range||1,640 yd (100–1,500 m sight adjustments) 1|
|Feed system||Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes|
|Sights||Tangent iron sights (default);
Optical, Night-vision, Thermal and Radar sights2
The PK is a 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun designed in the Soviet Union and currently in production in Russia.3 The PK machine gun was introduced in the 1960s and replaced the SGM and RPD machine guns in Soviet service. It remains in use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces, and has been exported extensively.
The original PK (Пулемёт Калашникова: Pulemyot Kalashnikova, or "Kalashnikov's Machinegun") was a development of Kalashnikov's automatic rifle design, firing the 7.62x54mmR Eastern Bloc standard ammunition originally from the Mosin–Nagant. It is equipped with a simple bipod and is designed as a squad-level support weapon; it is also suitable for installation and vehicle mounting. The PK machine gun can be used as a light anti-aircraft weapon when it is put on an AA mount. Most are belt-fed, using linked 25 round belts. These 25-round belts can be linked to any length necessary. Typical of Soviet machine guns, the standard model feeds from the right and ejects its spent cases via an ejection port on the left side of the weapon, contrary to the right side ejection port seen in most Western machine guns.
The PKM (ПК Модернизированный: "Kalashnikov's Machine-gun Modernized"), was adopted into service in 1969. It is a modernized, product-improved version of the PK weighing only 7.5 kg without ammunition.
For heavier employment, the PKMS (ПКМ Станковый: "PKM Mounted") is based on the Stepanov's tripod mount and weighs 12 kg.
The PKMSN (ПКМС Ночной: "PKMS Night-Vision") is a special model of the tripod-mounted variant that can mount night sights for low-visibility operations. The PKMSN1 model uses the NSPU night-vision sight. The PKMSN2 model uses the improved NSPUM night-vision sight.
The PKT (ПК Танковый, "PK Tank") is a further development of the PK to replace the SGMT Goryunov vehicle-mounted machine gun. Modifications include the removal of the stock, a longer and heavier barrel, a gas regulator and an electric solenoid trigger.
The PKP Pecheneg is a new General-purpose machine gun based on the PKM. It has a heavy fixed barrel encased in a radial cooling sleeve that uses forced-air cooling, much like the Lewis Gun of World War I. Its design incorporates lessons learned in the Soviet Union's campaign in Afghanistan, where the RPK was found to be lacking in sustainable suppressive firepower.
In the early 1990s, as part of the preparations to join NATO, the Polish armed forces were looking for a replacement for the PK-series machine guns then in service. The H. Cegielski - Poznań S.A. Works in Poznań modified the PK/PKS to feed standard 7.62x51mm NATO cartridges and use NATO standard ammo belts. The new model received the code-name PKM-NATO. The modifications included a heavier barrel, a larger chamber, and a redesign of the lock, extractor, and the entire feeding mechanism. The prototype was tested from 1997 to 1999, but was rejected. The Polish Army adopted the UKM-2000 machine gun instead – which was also based on the PKM.
The Zastava M84 is a Serbian-made licensed copy of the PK / PKS. The Zastava M86 is a copy of the solenoid-triggered PKT.
The Type 80 is a Chinese-made copy of the PKM / PKMS.
The MG-1 is a licensed copy of the PKM and has synthetic buttstock and pistol grip. The MG-1M, an improved Squad Automatic Weapon variant, has improved features, such as a redesigned barrel that allows for better cooling.
The Mitraliera md. 66 is a Romanian-made copy of the PKM.
The PKM and other variants are in production in Russia and are currently exported to many nations. Additionally, various models are manufactured locally around the globe. Zastava Arms produces the PK under license as the M84 (along with the PKT as the M86), and it remains in use with many of the former Yugoslav successor states. The most recent modification is the Russian Pecheneg, which features a forced air cooling barrel that cannot be removed in the field for quick replacement, unusual for a modern machine gun.
- Albaniacitation needed
- Armenia4 PK/PKM
- Bulgaria: PK/PKM copies were produced as the MG-1 & MG-1M.45
- Cape Verde4
- People's Republic of China: PK/PKM copies were produced as the Type 80.7
- Czech Republic8
- Egyptcitation needed
- Finland: Known locally as 7.62 KK PKM.9
- India Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli of the Ordnance Factories Board10
- Libyacitation needed
- Mali4 – Armed and Security Forces of Mali
- Moroccocitation needed
- North Korea4
- Poland: PK/PKM copies were produced.45
- Romania: PK/PKM copies were produced as the Mitraliera md. 66.45
- Sao Tome and Principe4
- South Sudancitation needed
- Serbia: Made under license as the M84/M86.4
- Vietnam12 Used from the Vietnam War to the present
- Soviet Union
- Sweden: Swedish designation "Kulspruta 95". Used as vehicle mounted machine guns only, mounted on former East German MT-LBs aquired during the early 1990s. When the MT-LBs were retired then so were the PKMs. 13
- Yugoslavia: PK/PKM copies were produced.5
- PKP "Pecheneg"
- Type 67
- Type 73, North Korean derivative.
- FN MAG
- Mk 48
- List of Russian weaponry
- Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies – Russian Arms
- "Sights". Russian Close Combat Weapon (in English). Moscow: Association "Defense Enterprises Assistance League". 2010. ISBN 978-5-904540-04-3.
- Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
- Type 80 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. Retrieved on September 11, 2008.
- Mikulka, Zdeněk (19 February 2010). "Střelby z palubních zbraní vrtulníků Mi-171Š v Afghánistánu". Zahraniční mise. Ministerstvo obrany. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- http://news.oneindia.in/2007/03/19/oft-develops-gen-x-weapons-1174286532.htmlverification needed
- Försvarsmakten - Avvecklade materielsystem (Swedish Defence Forces)
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