Paderborn town hall
|• Mayor||Heinz Paus (CDU)|
|• Total||179.38 km2 (69.26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||94-347 m (−1,044 ft)|
|• Density||800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||05251, 05252, 05254, 05293|
Paderborn (German pronunciation: [paːdɐˈbɔʁn] ( ))2 is a city in eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. The name of the city derives from the river Pader and 'born', an old German term for the source of a river. The river Pader originates in more than 200 springs near Paderborn Cathedral, where St. Liborius is buried.
Paderborn was founded as a bishopric by Charlemagne in 795. In 799 Pope Leo III fled his enemies in Rome and reached Paderborn, where he met Charlemagne. Charlemagne reinstated Leo in Rome in 800 and was crowned as Holy Roman Emperor by Leo in return.
The bishop of Paderborn became a Prince of the Empire in 1100. The city was taken by Prussia in 1802, then by the French vassal state Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813 and then returned to Prussia.
Paderborn was the seat of the Bishopric of Paderborn, today the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Paderborn. 60% of the population are Catholics, 20% Lutherans and 20% "other". The city is known today for its huge exhibitions in the three museums: the Kaiserpfalz, The Diocesian Museum and the Art Museum - Städtische Galerie.4
St. Liborius is commemorated in Paderborn every year in July with the Liborifest. He is the patron of Paderborn, to which his relics were transferred in 836.
During World War II, Paderborn was bombed by allied aircraft in 1944 and 1945 (85% destruction) and seized by the US 3rd Armored Division during a pitched battle 31 March - 1 April 1945, in which tanks and flamethrowers were used during combined mechanized-infantry assaults against the city's southwestern, southern and southeastern approaches.5
Paderborn is situated at the spring of the Pader river, approx. 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Lippstadt and approx. 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Bielefeld. The hills of the Eggegebirge are located east of the city.
The city of Paderborn consists of the following wards
Paderborn has a population of over 144,000, of which approximately 10% are students at the local university. Additionally, about 10,000 members or relatives of members of the British armed forces live in Paderborn, but are not included in the nominal population size. About half of the armed forces and families live in the Sennelager ward, the location of the largest barracks.
Paderborn is the headquarters of the former Nixdorf Computer AG, which was acquired by Siemens in the early 1990s and known as Siemens-Nixdorf for about 10 years. The company is now known as Wincor Nixdorf which is still located in Paderborn, but Siemens retains a considerable presence in the city.
Many other information technology companies as well as industrial enterprises are located in Paderborn, too:
- Benteler AG (steel/tube, automotive, trade)
- Claas (farm machines)
- Deutsche Bahn AG (vehicle maintenance)
- dSPACE GmbH (engineering tools)
- Fujitsu Technology Solutions
- Orga Systems GmbH
- Secure Computing Corporation
- Siemens AG (Siemens IT Solutions and Services)
- Wincor Nixdorf
- Zuken (PCB EMC Analysis and Design Software)
Paderborn is twinned with:
- Le Mans, France, officially since 1967, traditionally since 836 (oldest partnership of its kind)67
- Bolton, United Kingdom, since 1975
- Belleville, Illinois, U.S., since 1990
- Pamplona, Spain, since 1992
- Przemyśl, Poland, since 1993
- Debrecen, Hungary, since 1994
- Qingdao, China, since 2003
Paderborn was once the oldest academic site in Westphalia. In 1614, the University of Paderborn was founded by the Jesuits but was closed in 1819. It was re-founded in 1972 as Universität-Gesamthochschule and transformed into a university in its own right in 2002. Today, it is attended by about 14,000 students.
Additionally, several theological and private academic institutes exist.
There are a number of grammar schools in the city, the most prominent of which are the Theodorianum and St. Michael Gymnasium, along with others such as the Goerdeler-Gymnasium. There are also a few British primary schools such as John Buchan School, which is located in Sennelager and mainly educates children of British military personnel and the garrison's employees.
Paderborn is a focal point in Germany for American sports. The local baseball team, the Paderborn Untouchables, has won many German championships, and the local American Football team, the Paderborn Dolphins, has also enjoyed considerable success. In 2006 the Paderborn Baskets, the home basketball team of the city achieved the Bundesliga.
The Paderborn Baskets played in the playoffs of the 2008-09 German basketball league. The top 8 teams make the playoffs. The 1st place team plays against the 8th place team and the 2nd against the 7th and so on, with the winners participating in the next round. Paderborn were the 8th place team. They played against Alba Berlin. The playoffs are conducted in a best-of-five manner, which Paderborn lost three games to two. The last game was played in Berlin. Berlin won and advanced to the next round, leaving Paderborn eighth in the table at the end of the season. Paderborn won both of the home matches played in Paderborn. This was the first time Paderborn participated in the playoffs.
The homepage for the Paderborn Baskets:Paderborn Baskets Homepage
The club was formed out of the 1985 merger of FC Paderborn and TuS Schloß Neuhaus as TuS Paderborn-Neuhaus and took on its current, shorter name in 1997. The Neuhaus club was founded in 1907 as SV 07 Neuhaus which was joined by the local side TuS 1910 Sennelager to become TuS Schloss Neuhaus in 1970. The Neuhaus and Paderborn teams played as tier III sides for most of their histories, as has the unified club. Today Paderborn plays its home matches at the Benteler Arena.
Homepage:SC Paderborn 07 Homepage
The town supports the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie for regular symphony concerts in the Paderhalle.
The Paderborn Lippstadt Airport connects Paderborn to the bigger German airports and offers flights to many locations in Europe. There is a bus shuttle between the airport and the Paderborn main train station. General Aviation and gliders are based at Paderborn-Haxterberg (site of the world gliding championships in 1981).
- Official site of the city
- Site of the Paderborn region
- Ordinances of the "Fürstbistum Paderborn" online (German)
- Homepage of the annual RoboCup competition
- University of Paderborn
- http://www.paderborn-baskets.de Basketball: Paderborn Baskets
- : Paderborn method for teaching languages
- Introduction to the History of Paderborn
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paderborn.|
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013.
- "Duden dictionary". Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- Lewis, David Levering (2008). God's Crucible: Islam and the making of Europe 570 to 1215 (1st ed.). New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-393-06472-8.
- CREDO in Paderborn - Medieval Histories 2013: 9 ISBN 978-87-92858-11-5
- Stanton, Shelby, World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939-1946 (Revised Edition, 2006), p. 52
- Lelièvre, Jean; Balavoine, Maurice (1994). Le Mans-Paderborn, 836-1994: dans l'Europe, une amitié séculaire, un sillage de lumière. Le Mans: M. Balavoine. pp. 1–42. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
- "The Origins of Town Twinning". Inverness: The City of Inverness Town Twinning Committee. 8 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-30.