Panjin

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Panjin
盘锦市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
Panjin is located in Liaoning
Panjin
Panjin
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates (city(1243000)): 41°07′N 122°03′E / 41.117°N 122.050°E / 41.117; 122.050
Country People's Republic of China
Province Liaoning
Districts and Counties
Government
 • CPC Panjin Committee Secretary
Area
 • Total 4,071 km2 (1,572 sq mi)
Population 1
 • Total 1,243,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 124000
Area code(s) 427
Licence plates 辽L
Administrative division code 211300
ISO 3166-2 cn-21-13
Website www.panjin.gov.cn

Panjin (simplified Chinese: 盘锦; traditional Chinese: 盤錦; pinyin: Pánjǐn) is a prefecture-level city and a major oil production centre of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, and is situated on the northern coast of Liaodong Bay of the Bohai Gulf. It borders Anshan to the northeast and east, Yingkou across the Liao River, as well as Jinzhou to the west and northwest. The city has an administrative area of 4,071 square kilometres (1,572 sq mi), in which 1.28 million people reside.

Administration

Panjin has four immediate sub-municipal divisions. There are 2 counties and 2 districts.

Map
Panjin mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Xinglongtai District 兴隆台区 Xīnglóngtái Qū 380,000 194 1,959
2 Shuangtaizi District 双台子区 Shuāngtáizi Qū 190,000 62 3,065
3 Dawa County 大洼县 Dàwā Xiàn 390,000 1,683 232
4 Panshan County 盘山县 Pánshān Xiàn 290,000 2,145 135

Panjin was established as a prefecture-level city with its current boundaries by the State Council on June 5, 1984.

Geography

Panjin is located between 40° 40'−41°27' N and 121° 31'−122° 28' E. It has a continental climate with four distinct seasons and some maritime influence, an annual mean temperature of 9.2 °C (48.6 °F) and receives over 2700 hours of sunshine a year. The city sits on the open field between the Liaodong Peninsula and the western portion of Liaoning Province. The Shuangtaizi River, which diverts from the Liao River upstream from the city, runs through the city and flows into the Liaodong Bay. The Liao River serves as the border between Panjin and the city of Yingkou. The two other prefecture-level cities that borders Panjin are Jinzhou and Anshan.

A panoramic view of Panjing(2012.5)

Demographics

At the end of 2003, there were a total of 1 243 905 people residing in the Panjin. The urban population was 566 046, that's 45.51% of all residents. They reside mainly in Shuangtaizi District and Xinglongtai District.

Ethnic groups

Gender makeup

  • 49.01% Female
  • 50.99% Male

Population trends The population saw an increase of 3.81‰ in 2003. The natality was 7.60‰, and the mortality was 4.70‰, which made a natural population increase of 2.9‰.

Attractions

Major places in Panjin of interest include:

  • Shuangtaihekou State Natural Reserve, a marshland that serves as natural habitat to 321 species of animals. It also serves as one of the few breeding grounds for endangered birds such as the red-crowned crane and Saunders' Gull. Millions of birds of as much as 172 different species stop at the area during their migration, including more than 20 endangered species such as the red-crowned crane, Demoiselle Crane, white stork, black stork, white-fronted goose, whooper swan, and brown goshawk. On a special note, Panjin is also called "Home of the Cranes" for the above reasons.
  • reed-grass beach (Golden Beach at Bohai Sea) and the clam mound
  • Red Seabeach
  • Hubin Park in Panshan, featuring the Liaohe Tablets. These stone tablets bear inscriptions of Chinese calligraphy by historical and contemporary artists.
Red Seabeach
reed-grass beach

Economy

The main industries in Panjin include oil, petroleum refinery, tourism, and agriculture, primarily rice. The short grain rice of Panjin are of high quality and great taste. Panjin is also famed for its Chinese mitten crabs, a famous delicacy in Chinese cuisine. They can be processed into crab meat tofu and "drunken crab".

See also

References

External links








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