Pasco County, Florida

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Pasco County, Florida
Pasco Cty Courthouse Dade City.jpg
Pasco County Courthouse
Flag of Pasco County, Florida
Flag
Seal of Pasco County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Pasco County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded June 2, 1887
Named for Samuel Pasco
Seat Dade City
Largest city New Port Richey
Area
 • Total 867.95 sq mi (2,248 km2)
 • Land 744.85 sq mi (1,929 km2)
 • Water 123.10 sq mi (319 km2), 14.18%
Population
 • (2010) 464,697
 • Density 624/sq mi (240.9/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.pascocountyfl.net

Pasco County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. Its 2010 population was 464,697.1 Its county seat is Dade City2 and its largest city is New Port Richey. Pasco, together with Hernando, Hillsborough, and Pinellas counties comprise the Tampa-St.Petersburg-Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area, and along with various combinations of Manatee and Sarasota counties further south, Citrus County to the north, and Polk County to the east is often referred to as the Tampa Bay Area. As of 2005, Pasco was the 38th fastest growing county in the country.3

The county is named for Samuel Pasco. It includes numerous parks and trails including along rivers, the Gulf of Mexico, lakes, and highway/ railroad right of ways. Several nudist resorts are located in Pasco. West Pasco includes retirement areas, commercial fishing, and suburbs of Tampa. East Pasco is transitioning from forested and agricultural areas to suburban developments. The Suncoast Highway and U.S. 275 both pass through Pasco. Pasco is one of the whitest counties in Florida.

History

US Senator Samuel Pasco

Pasco County was created on June 2, 1887, from the southern third of Hernando County. The same legislation also created Citrus County from the northern third of Hernando County. The county was named for Samuel Pasco, who had just been elected to the United States Senate. Dade City was named the temporary county seat until a popular vote was held in 1889, at which time voters made Dade City the permanent county seat. As early as 1917, residents of the western part of the county proposed forming a separate county or merging with Pinellas County, as Dade City was not centrally located in the county. The issue was finally resolved in the late 1970s with the construction of identical government centers in both Dade City and New Port Richey.

The earliest towns were Anclote, Blanton, Dade City, Earnestville, Fort Dade, Macon (Trilby), Lacoochee and San Antonio. Citrus was an important industry when the county was formed, although a decline followed a freeze in 1895. Several large sawmills operated in the county in the early part of the twentieth century. During the Florida land boom of the 1920s, New Port Richey became the winter home of silent screen star Thomas Meighan and golfer Gene Sarazen; Meighan attempted to bring other Hollywood figures to the city. The county has experienced significant population growth since the 1960s. The growth began along the Gulf coast but is now occurring most rapidly in areas north of Tampa.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 867.95 square miles (2,248.0 km2), of which 744.85 square miles (1,929.2 km2) (or 85.82%) is land and 123.10 square miles (318.8 km2) (or 14.18%) is water.4

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 4,249
1900 6,054 42.5%
1910 7,502 23.9%
1920 8,802 17.3%
1930 10,574 20.1%
1940 13,981 32.2%
1950 20,529 46.8%
1960 36,785 79.2%
1970 75,955 106.5%
1980 193,643 154.9%
1990 281,131 45.2%
2000 344,765 22.6%
2010 464,697 34.8%
Est. 2012 470,391 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census5
2012 Estimate6

As of the census7 of 2000, there were 344,765 people, 147,566 households, and 99,016 families residing in the county. The population density was 463 people per square mile (179/km²). There were 173,717 housing units at an average density of 233 per square mile (90/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.70% White, 2.07% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.52% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 5.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 147,566 households out of which 23.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county the population was spread out with 20.20% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 26.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,969, and the median income for a family was $39,568. Males had a median income of $30,974 versus $23,802 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,439. About 7.60% of families and 10.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Though the county seat is in Dade City, duplicate county government offices and court facilities are also located in the New Port Richey area on the west side of the county.

Presidential Election Results 1960-2012
Year Democrat Republican
2012 45.9% 98,263 52.5% 112,427
2008 47.5% 102,417 51.1% 110,104
2004 44.4% 84,749 54.1% 103,230
2000 48.7% 69,576 48.1% 68,607
1996 49.8% 66,475 36.2% 48,355
1992 39.1% 53,130 35.1% 47,735
1988 43.9% 50,385 55.6% 63,820
1984 38.1% 40,962 61.9% 66,618
1980 38.5% 34,054 56.7% 50,120
1976 53.7% 33,710 45.1% 28,306
1972 27.9% 11,330 71.9% 29,249
1968 27.4% 6,292 42.4% 9,743
1964 51.7% 8,135 48.3% 7,606
1960 44.8% 5,832 55.2% 7,188

8

Communities

Incorporated

Incorporated municipalities of Pasco County. Numbers correspond to list at left.
  1. City of Dade City
  2. City of New Port Richey
  3. City of Port Richey
  4. City of San Antonio
  5. Town of St. Leo
  6. City of Zephyrhills

Unincorporated census designated places

County map from http://www.census.gov

Unincorporated communities not census designated places

Transportation

Aviation

Bus service

Pasco County Public Transportation provides bus service in West Pasco, Dade City and Zephyrhills.9

Railroads

CSX operates three rail lines within the county. Dade City and Zephyrhills are served with a line from Plant City. Amtrak formerly provided passenger rail service to Dade City on that line, but the stop was terminated in late 2004.10 The other two lines include the Brooksville Subdivision which runs close to US 41 and the Vitis Subdivision, which runs southeast into Lakeland.

Notable abandoned railroad lines include a former branch of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad northwest of Trilacoochee (formerly Owensboro Junction) that became part of the Withlacoochee State Trail, a segment of the a Seaboard Air Line Railroad branch stretching from Zephyrhills to Trilacoochee, another line along the east side of US 301 that spanned from Sulphur Springs to Zephyrhills, part of the Orange Belt Railway which became the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad which ran from St. Petersburg and entered the county in what is today Trinity to Trilby (abandoned during the early-to-mid 1970s), and a branch of the Seaboard Air Line that ran through Holiday, Elfers and into New Port Richey. This line was truncated to Elfers in 1943. The tracks from Elfers and Chemical (an industrial area in the extreme southwest part of the county along the Anclote River west of Holiday) to Tarpon Springs were removed in the late 1980s leaving the western half of the county without rail service.


Major roads

  • I-75.svg Interstate 75 runs north and south across the eastern part of the county. Once a major connecting point with Tampa, I-75 has been made obsolete for western residents of the county by the Suncoast Parkway.
  • Toll Florida 589.svg Suncoast Parkway enters the county in the south halfway between Gunn Highway and US 41, and ends in the far northern part of the county at County Line Road (Exit 37), The Suncoast Parkway is a recently constructed toll road that connects Pasco County with Hillsborough County, where it becomes the Veterans Expressway and heads directly into Tampa International Airport before reaching Interstate 275. SR 589 has four Pasco County exits: SR 54 (Exit 19), Ridge Road Extension (Future Exit 24), SR 52 (Exit 27), and County Line Road(Exit 37).
  • US 19.svg U.S. Route 19 is a major commercial center running beside to the Gulf of Mexico on the western edge of the county, and used as a primary connecting route to cities down the west coast of Florida, including Tarpon Springs, Dunedin, Clearwater, and St. Petersburg to the south, as well as Spring Hill, Weeki Wachee, Homosassa and Crystal River to the north.
  • Alt plate.svg
    US 19.svg Alternate 19 is a former section of US 19 that runs closer to the Gulf of Mexico in Pinellas and southern Pasco County than US 19.
  • US 41.svg U.S. Route 41 (Land O' Lakes Bouelvard) is the main south-to-north U.S. Highway through Central Pasco County. It enters the county from Lutz in Hillsborough County and serves as a commercial strip through most of Land O' Lakes. Further north the road becomes more rural, passing through Gowers Corner, and eventually enters Masaryktown at the Hernando County Line.
  • US 98.svg U.S. Route 98 runs northwest and southeast from Hernando County to Polk County. Concurrent with US 301 between Trilacoochee and Clinton Heights.
  • US 301.svg U.S. Route 301(Fort King Highway/Gall Boulevard) is the main south-to-north U.S. highway in eastern Pasco County. It enters the county from Hillsborough River State Park in Hillsborough County and becomes the main road in Zephyrhills, Clinton Heights, and Dade City. North of Dade City, the road runs through Trilacoochee and Trilby before it enters Ridge Manor in Hernando County at a bridge over the Withlacoochee River.
  • Florida 39.svg State Road 39 runs northwest and southeast from Plant City into US 301 in Zephyrhills
  • Florida 41.svgPasco County 41.svg County Road 41 (Fort King Highway/17th Street/21st Street/Blanton Road) begins as a hidden state road along US 301 until it branches off to the northwest as a county road in Zephyrhills and runs parallel to US 301 until it reaches Dade City. From here it moves further to the west through Blanton and Jessamine, and after crossing over I-75 curves back north into rural Hernando County where it becomes CR 541.
  • Pasco County 578.svg County Line Road (CR 578) is a major county road running entirely along the border with Hernando County beginning at US 19, intersects the Suncoast Parkway, and ends at US 41. Due to increased congestion, it is planned to be upgraded from two to four lanes, and possibly upgraded from a county road to a state road.
  • Florida 52.svg State Road 52 (Colonel Schrader Memorial Highway) an east-west route that runs primarily through the center of the county from US 19 in Bayonet Point to US 98-301 in Dade City.
  • Florida 54.svg State Road 54 (Gunn Highway/Fifth Avenue) another east-west road that runs through southern Pasco County, from US 19 near Holiday to US 301 in Zephyrhills.
  • Florida 56.svg State Road 56 a 2002-constructed road between SR 54 and Bruce B. Downs Boulevard in Wesley Chapel. Planned to be extended to US 301 south of Zephyrhills.
  • Florida 575.svg State Road 575 the northernmost state road in Pasco County.
  • Florida 581.svg Bruce B. Downs Boulevard
  • Pasco County 77.svg Rowan Road/East Lake Road (CR 77)
  • Florida 597.svg Dale Mabry Highway
  • Pasco County 587.svg Moon Lake Road/Decubellis Road/Massachusetts Avenue (CR 587) (N)
  • Pasco County 587.svg Gunn Highway (CR 587) (S) A short north and south extension of Gunn Highway(SR 54) that runs through Northern Hillsborough County towards Dale Mabry Highway and Busch Boulevard.
  • Pasco County 1.svg Little Road (CR 1) Major four to six lane county road in western Pasco County bypassing US 19 between southeast of Aripeka and Trinity.
  • Pasco County 996.svg Trinity Boulevard(CR 996)


Education

Public schools in the County are operated by Pasco County Schools.

Pasco County has seen explosive growth in its student enrollment, increasing from 46,458 students in the 1999-2000 year to 65,126 in the 2007-2008 year, an increase of 18,668 or 40.2%. The projected enrollment for the 2007-2008 was 64,674, so the actual enrollment was 452 students over the projection. [1] [2] Yearly, the school district has grown 2,489 or 5.4%, which leads to building one new school a year.

High schools

Middle schools

Elementary schools

  • Anclote Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Calusa Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Centennial Elementary School - Dade City
  • Chasco Elementary School - Port Richey
  • Connerton Elementary School - Land O' Lakes
  • Cotee River Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • R. B. Cox Elementary School - Dade City
  • Cypress Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Deer Park Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Denham Oaks Elementary School - Lutz
  • Double Branch Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • Fox Hollow Elementary School - Port Richey
  • Mary Giella Elementary School - Shady Hills
  • Gulf Highlands Elementary School - Port Richey
  • Gulfside Elementary School - Holiday
  • Gulf Trace Elementary School - Holiday
  • Hudson Elementary School - Hudson
  • Lacoochee Elementary School - Dade City
  • Lake Myrtle Elementary School - Land O' Lakes
  • Longleaf Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • M. P. Locke Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • J. M. Marlowe Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Moon Lake Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • New River Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • Northwest Elementary School - Hudson
  • Oaksted Elementary School - Land O' Lakes
  • Pasco Elementary School - Dade City
  • Pine View Elementary School - Land O' Lakes
  • Quail Hollow Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • Richey Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • San Antonio Elementary School - Dade City
  • Sand Pine Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • Sanders Memorial Elementary School - Land O' Lakes
  • Schrader Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Seven Oaks Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • Seven Springs Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Shady Hills Elementary School - Spring Hill
  • Sunray Elementary School - Holiday
  • C. W. Taylor Elementary School - Zephyrhills
  • Trinity Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Trinity Oaks Elementary School - New Port Richey
  • Veterans Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • Wesley Chapel Elementary School - Wesley Chapel
  • West Zephyrhills Elementary School - Zephyrhills
  • Woodland Elementary School - Zephyrhills
  • Watergrass Elementary School - Wesley Chapel

Special education centers

Private schools

Colleges / universities

Libraries

The Pasco County Library Cooperative is the public library system that serves all residents of Pasco County, Florida.11 It consists of eight branch libraries and operates on a budget of $5,730,843, a decrease of $1,723,227 since 2007. The library circulated 2,400,192 items in 2011-2012. During that same time span, the library had 906,142 people visit its eight branches, a decrease of 23 percent. This decrease is attributed to the 16 percent reduction of hours the libraries are open. The head of library services reports to the Assistant County Administrator for Public Services.12

Parks and recreation

Recreational areas include Hudson Beach, The New Port Richey Recreation & Aquatic Center, Veterans Memorial Park, J. Ben Harrill Recreation Complex F/K/A Holiday Rec Complex, the Jay Starkey Preserve, Werner-Boyce Salt Springs State Park, a section of the Suncoast Trail, a section of the Withlacoochee State Trail, Conner Preserve, Cypress Creek Preserve, Withlacoochee River Park, and Crews Lake Wilderness Park.13 Kayaking, canoeing, sailing, power boating, jet skiing, and fishing are popular along the coast and large tracts are preserved from development.

Environmental lands acquired for preservation include: Aripeka Sandhills Preserve, Boy Scout Preserve, Cypress Creek Preserve, Pasco County, Jumping Gully Preserve, Pasco Palms Preserve, Tierra Del Sol Preserve and Upper Pithlachascotee River Preserve.

Nudists

Pasco County, with its accommodating laws, is home to a number of Florida's nudist parks and resorts. While there is not a clothing-optional beach in the county, there are no fewer than 8 nudist parks and several clothing-optional subdivisions or mobile home communities. The oldest is Lake Como Club just north of Tampa, while a world-class resort known as Caliente, was opened several years ago. The nudist industry and its related tourism is a significant source of tax revenue for the county.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pasco County QuickFacts from the U.S. Census Bureau
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Christie, Les (March 15, 2006). "100 Fastest Growing Counties". CNN. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections
  9. ^ http://www.pascocountyfl.net/Index.aspx?NID=243
  10. ^ "St. Petersburg Times". Loss of Amtrak service shouldn't derail Dade City. Retrieved 2004-10-29. 
  11. ^ Pasco County Library Cooperative. (2012). 2012-2015 strategic vision, www.pascolibraries.org/PascoLibraryStratPlanFinal2.pdf
  12. ^ Pasco County Board of County Commissioners. (2012). Annual budget Pasco County FY 2013, http://www.pascocountyfl.net/Archive.aspx?ADID=644
  13. ^ Conner Preserve • Central Pasco County
  • History of Pasco County (1943) by Jefferson Alexis Hendley.
  • Horgan, James J., Alice F. Hall, and Edward J. Herrmann, The Historic Places of Pasco County, Pasco County Historical Preservation Committee, Pasco County, Florida.

External links

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Other sites

Coordinates: 28°18′N 82°26′W / 28.30°N 82.44°W / 28.30; -82.44








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