March 20, 1945 |
Rome, New York
|Listed height||6 ft 4 in (193 cm)|
|Listed weight||205 lb (93 kg)|
|High school||Linton (Schenectady, New York)|
|NBA draft||1967 / Round: 1 / Pick: 7th overall|
|Selected by the San Diego Rockets|
|Pro playing career||1967–1976|
|Position||Guard / Forward|
|1967–1970||San Diego Rockets|
|1970–1975||Los Angeles Lakers|
|1981–1990||Los Angeles Lakers|
|1991–1995||New York Knicks|
|Career highlights and awards|
As assistant coach:
As head coach:
|Career NBA statistics|
|Points||3,906 (7.4 ppg)|
|Rebounds||855 (1.6 rpg)|
|Assists||913 (1.7 apg)|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
|Basketball Hall of Fame as coach|
Patrick James "Pat" Riley (born March 20, 1945) is an American professional basketball executive, and a former coach and player in the National Basketball Association (NBA). He has been the team president of the Miami Heat since 1995, a position that enabled him to serve as their de facto general manager and as their head coach in two separate tenures (1995 through 2003, and 2005 through 2008).
Widely regarded as one of the greatest NBA coaches of all time, Riley has served as the head coach of five championship teams and an assistant coach to another. He was named NBA Coach of the Year three times (1989–90, 1992–93 and 1996–97, as head coach of the Los Angeles Lakers, New York Knicks and Heat, respectively). He was head coach of an NBA All-Star Game team nine times: eight times with the Western Conference team (1982, 1983, 1985–1990, all as head coach of the Lakers) and once with the Eastern team (1993, as head coach of the Knicks). In 1996 he was named one of the 10 Greatest Coaches in the NBA history. As a player, he played for the Los Angeles Lakers' championship team in 1972.
Riley most recently won the 2012 and 2013 NBA championships with the Miami Heat as their team president. He is the first and only North American sports figure to win a championship as a player, coach (both assistant and head), and executive. He received the Chuck Daly Lifetime Achievement Award from the NBA Coaches Association on June 20, 2012.
Patrick Riley was born in Rome, New York, and raised in Schenectady. His father, Leon Riley, played twenty-two seasons of minor league baseball as an outfielder and first baseman, and appeared in four games for the 1944 Philadelphia Phillies.12
Riley played basketball for Linton High School in Schenectady, New York under head coach Walt Przybylo and his assistants Bill Rapavy and Ed Catino.3 Linton High School's 74–68 victory over New York City's Power Memorial on December 29, 1961, is remembered mostly for its two stars: Power Memorial's Lew Alcindor (who later changed his name to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar); and his future coach with the Los Angeles Lakers, Linton's Riley.4 In 1991, Riley called it, "One of the greatest games in the history of Schenectady basketball."
Riley was a versatile athlete in college, participating in both basketball and football. As a junior on the University of Kentucky basketball team in 1966 he was named First Team All-SEC, All-NCAA Tournament Team, NCAA Regional Player of the Year, SEC Player of the Year & AP Third Team All-American, leading the Wildcats to the NCAA title game. Coached by the legendary Adolph Rupp, UK lost to Texas Western (today's UTEP), a game that was reenacted in the movie Glory Road. His senior year Riley made First Team All-SEC, one of the only players in storied Kentucky Basketball history to make two or more First Team All-SEC teams.5
He was selected by the San Diego Rockets in the 1st round of the 1967 NBA Draft, and was also drafted as a wide receiver by the Dallas Cowboys in the 11th round of the 1967 NFL Draft. He joined the Rockets and was later selected by the Portland Trail Blazers, in the 1970 NBA expansion draft,6 but immediately traded to the Los Angeles Lakers, which he helped toward the 1972 NBA Championship both by coming off the bench in games and guarding friend and legendary Laker guard Jerry West in practice. Despite this, overall, his playing career was undistinguished, as he was a perennial bench player. He retired after the 1975-76 NBA season as a member of the Western Conference champion Phoenix Suns.
Riley finished his NBA playing career with a 7.4 points per game scoring average and a field-goal percentage of 41.4%.7
Riley returned to the NBA in 1977 as a broadcaster for the Lakers. During the 1979–80 season, when the team's head coach, Jack McKinney, was injured during a near fatal bicycle accident, assistant coach Paul Westhead took over the team's head coaching duties. Riley then moved from the broadcast booth to the bench as one of Westhead's assistant coaches.
Six games into the 1981–82 season, Magic Johnson said he wished to be traded because he was unhappy playing for Westhead. Shortly afterward, Lakers' owner Jerry Buss fired Westhead. At an ensuing press conference, with Jerry West at his side, Buss named West head coach. West, however, balked, and Buss awkwardly tried to name West as "offensive captain" and then named West and Riley as co-coaches.8 West made it clear during the press conference that he would only assist Riley, and that Riley was the head coach.9 Thereafter, Riley was the interim head coach, until his status became permanent.
Riley led the Lakers to four consecutive NBA Finals appearances. His first title came in his first season, against the Philadelphia 76ers. Both teams returned to the Finals the next year, but Riley's Lakers were swept by the 76ers. The Lakers lost in the Finals again in 1984, to the Boston Celtics in seven games. The Lakers earned Riley his second NBA title in 1985 in a rematch of the previous year, as the Lakers beat the Celtics in six games. The Lakers' four-year Western Conference streak was broken the following year by the Houston Rockets.
In 1987, Riley coached a Lakers team that is considered one of the best teams of all-time. With future Hall of Famers Magic Johnson, James Worthy and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, plus Michael Cooper, Byron Scott, A. C. Green, Mychal Thompson, and Kurt Rambis, the Lakers finished 65–17 in the regular season, third-best in team history. They met with similar success in the playoffs, dispatching the Celtics in six games to win Riley his third NBA title.
One of Riley's most famous moments came when he guaranteed the crowd a repeat championship during the Lakers' championship parade in downtown Los Angeles (he first made the guarantee during the post-victory locker room celebration).10 While the 1988 Lakers did not produce as many wins in the regular season as the 1987 Lakers, they still managed to win the NBA title, becoming the first team in 19 years to repeat as champions. The Lakers beat the Detroit Pistons in seven games in the 1988 NBA Finals, making good on Riley's promise. Riley's titles with the Lakers make him the fifth man to play for an NBA Championship team and later coach the same NBA team to a championship. The others are Bill Russell, Tom Heinsohn, K. C. Jones, and Billy Cunningham.
Although Riley would offer no further guarantees, his Lakers embarked upon a quest to obtain a third consecutive championship in 1989. Having successfully claimed a repeat championship the year before, the term used for this new goal was a "three-peat" championship, and indeed Riley, through his corporate entity, Riles & Co., actually trademarked the phrase "three-peat"11 via the Chicago Bulls accomplishing the feat twice (including several series wins over Riley-coached teams: the New York Knicks in 1992 and 1993, and the Miami Heat in 1996 and 1997). But ultimately, the Lakers were swept by the Pistons in the 1989 NBA Finals.
Riley stepped down as coach of the Lakers after they lost to the Phoenix Suns in the 1990 NBA playoffs, amid rumors of player mistreatment and anger problems on his part. In spite of these rumors and his resignation, he was named NBA Coach of the Year for the first time.
After stepping down as coach, Riley accepted a job as a television commentator for NBC. However, this job only lasted one year, as he became head coach of the New York Knicks in 1991. In 1993, he led the Knicks to the best regular season record in team history (tied with the 1969–1970 team) and received his second Coach of the Year award. Commentators especially admired Riley's ability to work with the physical, deliberate Knicks, considering that he was associated with the fast-paced Lakers in the 1980s. Riley returned to the NBA Finals in 1994, but his Knicks lost in seven games to the Houston Rockets after being up 3–2 in the series, and it denied New York City the distinction of both NBA and NHL titles in the same year. During the 1994 Finals, Riley became the first coach in an NBA Finals Game 7 with two different teams, having been with the Lakers in 1984 and 1988. However, he had the unfortunate distinction of having become the first (and to date, the only) coach to lose an NBA Finals Game 7 with two different teams, having lost to the Celtics in 1984. It also denied him the distinction of becoming the first coach to win a Game 7 NBA Finals on two different teams, having defeated the Pistons in 1988.
In 1995, Riley resigned from the Knicks via fax to become the head coach of the Miami Heat. The move caused some controversy, as the Heat were accused by the Knicks of tampering by pursuing Riley while he still had a year remaining on his contract with the Knicks.12 The matter was settled after the Heat sent their 1996 first round pick (which the Knicks would use to draft Walter McCarty) and $1 million in cash to the Knicks on September 1, 1995. Riley's coaching of the Heat to playoff contention would later make them bitter rivals with his former team.
In 1995–96, Miami was swept in the first round by Phil Jackson-coached Chicago Bulls, who had completed the regular season with a record 72 wins. This season was most notable for the ongoing housecleaning that took place, with the arrival of building blocks Alonzo Mourning and Tim Hardaway. The offseason would also bring them Nets forward P.J. Brown and Suns swingman Dan Majerle.
In 1997, Riley's Heat defeated his old team, the Knicks, in a physical seven game series. Advancing to the Eastern Conference finals for the first time in franchise history, they proved no match for Jordan and his Bulls. Riley was selected as Coach of the Year for the third time, after leading Miami to a 61–21 regular season record, 1st in the Atlantic division.
The Heat would compile consecutive seasons over .600. However, the 1998, 1999, and 2000 playoffs would be disappointments as they lost to the arch-rival Knicks; the first two in the opening round and the latter in the second round. In 1999, the Knicks themselves reached the Finals.
Riley then traded Brown and Jamal Mashburn in exchange for Eddie Jones in one trade and acquired Brian Grant in another, although the team suffered a major setback after discovering Alonzo Mourning's kidney condition. After finishing a respectable 50–32 in the 2000–01 season, the Heat were swept by the Charlotte Hornets in the first round of the NBA playoffs. The Heat then lost two of their best players when guard Tim Hardaway was traded to the Dallas Mavericks and Anthony Mason signed with the Milwaukee Bucks. In part because of these departures, the Heat finished a disappointing 36–46 in 2002. Riley was so disgusted with the Heat's performance that he declared he was about to "fire himself."
Before the beginning of the 2003–04 season, he did step down as Heat coach, to fully dedicate his attention to his duties as general manager. Longtime assistant Stan Van Gundy and rookie Dwyane Wade, whom Riley drafted 5th overall, led the Heat back into the playoffs with a 42–40 record after starting 0–7. Riley concentrated on improving the team even further before the 2004–2005 season. One of his biggest moves as full-time general manager was to trade Caron Butler, Brian Grant, Lamar Odom and a first-round draft pick to the Lakers for superstar Shaquille O'Neal. Head coach Van Gundy led the Heat to the Eastern Conference finals during the 2005 playoffs, although they lost to the Detroit Pistons after being up 3–2 in the series.
Riley resumed coaching the Heat on December 12, 2005, replacing Stan Van Gundy after the Heat started the season with a disappointing 11–10 record. Van Gundy had resigned in order to "spend more time with [his] family."
The move came as a shock to the basketball community, with some speculating that with Shaquille O'Neal returning from injury, Dwyane Wade having his best season yet, and a high-caliber roster including Gary Payton, Jason Williams and Antoine Walker, Riley wanted to try to regain his former glory by coaching Miami to its first NBA Championship.13 Riley's Heat team defeated his Los Angeles Lakers-days nemesis, the Detroit Pistons, in the 2006 Eastern Conference Finals on June 2, 2006, making it the first time the Miami Heat reached the finals. Riley's Heat squared off against the Dallas Mavericks in the 2006 NBA Finals. Despite losing the first two games to Dallas, the Heat rallied to win the next four games and their first NBA Championship. It was Riley's fifth championship as a head coach, and his first with a team other than the Lakers. Riley became the only NBA coach to take three different teams to the NBA Finals and joined Alex Hannum and Phil Jackson as the only coaches to coach two different teams to NBA titles. He also became the only coach to twice replace a coach in mid-season and take that team to an NBA title.14
Citing "hip and knee problems," Riley took a leave of absence from coaching from January 3, 2007 through February 19, 2007. Assistant coach Ron Rothstein assumed interim duties.
On April 28, 2008, Riley announced that he would step down as coach of the Miami Heat after the team finished with an NBA-worst 15–67 record, the worst regular season output of Riley's career. Former Heat assistant Erik Spoelstra was announced as his replacement. Riley remains team president.15
As president, Riley acquired LeBron James and Chris Bosh to form the Heat's "Big 3" with Dwyane Wade. In 2012, the Miami Heat beat the Oklahoma City Thunder to give Riley his first championship purely as an executive. The Heat repeated the feat in 2013, defeating the San Antonio Spurs.
Outside of basketball, Riley has developed into a pop-culture figure. This is born out of Riley's signature look, a slicked-back hairstyle, which is often described as gangster-or mafioso-like, and his immaculate tan. He came to the public eye leading the Showtime Lakers of the 1980s, furthering his image by "guaranteeing" a championship. Riley has coached in three American cities well known for popular nightlife and celebrity culture.
In 1988, Riley published a book entitled Showtime: Inside the Lakers' Breakthrough Season, a New York Times best seller which recapped the Lakers' successful run to the 1987 NBA Championship. One of the phrases Riley coined in the book was the "Disease of More", stating that "success is often the first step toward disaster" and that defending champions often fail the following season because every player who returns wants more playing time, more shots per game, and more money. The phrase stemmed from the Lakers' disappointing 1980–81 campaign coming off a championship the previous season.
In 1993, while coaching the New York Knicks, Riley published a second New York Times bestseller entitled The Winner Within: A Life Plan for Team Players. Aimed at a business readership as well as basketball enthusiasts, it distilled a lesson in teamwork and leadership from each of Riley's seasons as a coach to that date. Byron Laursen, saluted by Riley as "...a true Showtime Warrior," co-authored both of Riley's books.
Riley is also a motivational speaker during the off-season. Riley earns in excess of $50,000 for each speaking engagement.
Riley and his wife Chris have two children, James Riley and Elisabeth Riley. Riley is a practicing Roman Catholic.16
On February 27, 2007, the Miami Heat were honored for their 2005–2006 NBA Championship at the White House. During the ceremony, Riley presented George W. Bush with a jersey before announcing, "I voted for the man. If you don’t vote, you don’t count." After the ceremony, Riley was questioned by reporters about the political nature of his comments. He responded by saying, "I’m pro-American, pro-democracy, I’m pro-government. I follow my boss. He’s my boss."17
Riley and his wife are Bruce Springsteen fans. At his 2008 induction into the Basketball Hall of Fame, he ended his speech with a quote from the Springsteen song, "Back in Your Arms Again".
|1967–68||22||San Diego Rockets||80||1263||628||7.9||250||660||.379||128||202||.634||0||0||.000||177||2.2||138||1.7||0||0||0|
|1968–69||23||San Diego Rockets||56||1027||494||8.8||202||498||.406||90||134||.672||0||0||.000||112||2.0||136||2.4||0||0||0|
|1969–70||24||San Diego Rockets||36||474||190||5.3||75||180||.417||40||55||.727||0||0||.000||57||1.6||85||2.4||0||0||0|
|1970–71||25||Los Angeles Lakers||54||506||266||4.9||105||254||.413||56||87||.644||0||0||.000||54||1.0||72||1.3||0||0||0|
|1971–72||26||Los Angeles Lakers||67||926||449||6.7||197||441||.447||55||74||.743||0||0||.000||127||1.9||75||1.1||0||0||0|
|1972–73||27||Los Angeles Lakers||55||801||399||7.3||167||390||.428||65||82||.793||0||0||.000||65||1.2||81||1.5||0||0||0|
|1973–74||28||Los Angeles Lakers||72||1361||684||9.5||287||667||.430||110||144||.764||0||0||.000||128||1.8||148||2.1||54||3||0|
|1974–75||29||Los Angeles Lakers||46||1016||507||11.0||219||523||.419||69||93||.742||0||0||.000||85||1.8||121||2.6||36||4||0|
|9 Season Totals||528||8187||3906||7.4||1619||3914||.414||668||948||.705||0||0||.000||855||1.6||913||1.7||112||13||0|
|1968–69||San Diego Rockets||5||76||37||7.4||16||37||.432||5||6||.833||0||0||.000||11||2.2||2||0.4||0||0||0|
|1970–71||Los Angeles Lakers||7||135||66||9.4||29||69||.420||8||11||.727||0||0||.000||15||2.1||14||2.0||0||0||0|
|1971–72||Los Angeles Lakers||15||244||78||5.2||33||99||.333||12||16||.750||0||0||.000||29||1.9||14||0.9||0||0||0|
|1972–73||Los Angeles Lakers||7||53||18||2.6||9||27||.333||0||0||.000||0||0||.000||5||0.7||7||1.0||0||0||0|
|1973–74||Los Angeles Lakers||5||106||39||7.8||18||50||.360||3||4||.750||0||0||.000||6||1.2||10||2.0||0||0||0|
|Regular season||G||Games coached||W||Games won||L||Games lost||W–L %||Win-loss %|
|Post season||PG||Playoff games||PW||Playoff wins||PL||Playoff losses||PW–L %||Playoff win-loss %|
|LAL||1981–82||71||50||21||.704||1st in Pacific||14||12||2||.857||Won NBA Championship|
|LAL||1982–83||82||58||24||.707||1st in Pacific||15||8||7||.533||Lost in NBA Finals|
|LAL||1983–84||82||54||28||.659||1st in Pacific||21||14||7||.667||Lost in NBA Finals|
|LAL||1984–85||82||62||20||.756||1st in Pacific||19||15||4||.789||Won NBA Championship|
|LAL||1985–86||82||62||20||.756||1st in Pacific||14||8||6||.571||Lost in Conf. Finals|
|LAL||1986–87||82||65||17||.793||1st in Pacific||18||15||3||.833||Won NBA Championship|
|LAL||1987–88||82||62||20||.756||1st in Pacific||25||15||9||.625||Won NBA Championship|
|LAL||1988–89||82||57||25||.695||1st in Pacific||15||11||4||.733||Lost in NBA Finals|
|LAL||1989–90||82||63||19||.768||1st in Pacific||9||4||5||.444||Lost in Conf. Semifinals|
|NYK||1991–92||82||51||31||.622||1st in Atlantic||12||6||6||.500||Lost in Conf. Semifinals|
|NYK||1992–93||82||60||22||.732||1st in Atlantic||15||9||6||.600||Lost in Conf. Finals|
|NYK||1993–94||82||57||25||.695||1st in Atlantic||25||14||11||.560||Lost in NBA Finals|
|NYK||1994–95||82||55||27||.671||2nd in Atlantic||11||6||5||.545||Lost in Conf. Semifinals|
|MIA||1995–96||82||42||40||.512||3rd in Atlantic||3||0||3||.000||Lost in First Round|
|MIA||1996–97||82||61||21||.744||1st in Atlantic||17||8||9||.471||Lost in Conf. Finals|
|MIA||1997–98||82||55||27||.671||1st in Atlantic||5||2||3||.400||Lost in First Round|
|MIA||1998–99||50||33||17||.660||1st in Atlantic||5||2||3||.400||Lost in First Round|
|MIA||1999–00||82||52||30||.634||1st in Atlantic||10||6||4||.600||Lost in Conf. Semifinals|
|MIA||2000–01||82||50||32||.610||2nd in Atlantic||3||0||3||.000||Lost in First Round|
|MIA||2001–02||82||36||46||.439||6th in Atlantic||—||—||—||—||Missed Playoffs|
|MIA||2002–03||82||25||57||.305||7th in Atlantic||—||—||—||—||Missed Playoffs|
|MIA||2005–06||61||41||20||.672||1st in Southeast||23||16||7||.696||Won NBA Championship|
|MIA||2006–07||82||44||38||.537||1st in Southeast||4||0||4||.000||Lost in First Round|
|MIA||2007–08||82||15||67||.183||5th in Southeast||—||—||—||—||Missed Playoffs|
- Lee Riley. baseball-reference.com
- Heisler, Mark (1995-01-09). The fire from within: Pat Riley's relationship with his father provides a window into the life of the NBA's most-celebrated coach. Findarticles.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-28.
- Schenectady City School District Athletic Hall of Fame and Reunion Dinner. Schenectady.k12.ny.us. Retrieved on 2012-08-28.
- Amazing photo: Pat Riley vs. Kareem in Schenectady, 1961, Times Union
- Kentucky Greats: #18, Pat Riley « UKmadness. Ukmadness.wordpress.com (2008-03-13). Retrieved on 2012-08-28.
- All-Time Expansion Draft Results. nba.com
- Pat Riley Statistics. Basketball-reference.com. Retrieved on 2012-08-28.
- Heisler, pp. 58–61
- Heisler, p. 61
- Heisler, p. 105
- Rovell, Darren (2005-12-23). "What the Trojans won't do: Three-Pete". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
- Powell, Shaun (1995-07-24). "The Knicks' tamper tantrums are heating up". The Sporting News. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
- Marc Stein (2012-06-20). "Pat Riley: The Miami Years". ESPN.
- "NBA Finals Results". SportingNews.com. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
- Riley Steps Down, Spoelstra Named Head Coach, NBA, April 28, 2008, accessed April 28, 2008.
- Pat Riley: Just Catholic, Not Quitting. Nba.fanhouse.com (2008-01-10). Retrieved on 2012-08-28.
- "President Bush Welcomes the 2006 NBA Champion Miami Heat to the White House". whitehouse.gov. 2007-02-27.
- "Pat Riley Statistics". Basketball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
- Heisler, Mark (1994). The Lives of Riley, Macmillan General Reference, ISBN 0025506625
|Current heads of basketball operations in the National Basketball Association|
|Note: Those listed here either hold the title President of Basketball Operations or General Manager, or both.|