Pat Sheehan (Irish republican)
|Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly
for Belfast West
7 December 2010
|Preceded by||Gerry Adams|
28 May 1958 |
Belfast, Northern Ireland
|Political party||Sinn Féin|
|Spouse(s)||Siobhán O'Hanlon (2006; her death)|
|Other organizations||Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer (formerly)|
Sheehan was the 17th republican inmate at Maze Prison to go on hunger strike during the 1981 protest, which was aimed at gaining political status for IRA and INLA prisoners. He began fasting on 10 August - after nine prisoners had already starved themselves to death - and ended when the hunger strike was officially called off on 3 October. He survived 55 days without food.
By the time Sheehan began fasting, the strike had already begun to break. Another protester, Paddy Quinn, was taken off the hunger strike on 31 July after his mother called for medical intervention when her son was close to death following 47 days without food. This action - and calls by the Catholic Church to end the strike - prompted other relatives to do the same. The last prisoner to die was Michael Devine, who starved to death on 20 August after 60 days. The hunger strike was ultimately called off after it had become clear that nearly all the prisoners' families would intervene to stop their sons from dying.
He was released in 1987, but was later convicted once again of bombing-related terrorist activity.
On 3 October 2006, Sheehan marked the 25th anniversary of the hunger strike by re-reading the prisoners' statement that ended the protest outside the gates of the now closed Maze Prison.
On 7 December 2010, he succeeded Gerry Adams as MLA for Belfast West, Adams having resigned in order to contest the Irish general election, 2011. Sheehan retained the seat for Sinn Féin at the 2011 Assembly election.
Sheehan has provoked anger and controversy by describing the Troubles as “probably quite civilised” and saying the IRA “could have left a 1,000lb car bomb on the Shankill” if it wanted to kill Protestants.3
- "Pat Sheehan picked to succeed Gerry Adams at Stormont". BBC. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "The Belfast Telegraph - Pat Sheehan’s IRA comments spark outrage". The Belfast Telegraph. The Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
- "Pat Sheehan MLA". Sinn Féin. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
|Northern Ireland Assembly|
|MLA for Belfast West