Paul Cellucci

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Paul Cellucci
Cellucci paul.jpg
United States Ambassador to Canada
In office
April 17, 2001 – March 18, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Gordon Giffin
Succeeded by David Wilkins
69th Governor of Massachusetts
In office
July 29, 1997 – April 10, 2001
Acting: July 29, 1997 – January 7, 1999
Lieutenant Jane Swift
Preceded by William Weld
Succeeded by Jane Swift (Acting)
68th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
In office
January 3, 1991 – January 7, 1999
Governor William Weld
Preceded by Evelyn Murphy
Succeeded by Jane Swift
Member of the Massachusetts Senate
from the Middlesex and Worcester District
In office
1985–1991
Preceded by Chester Atkins
Succeeded by Robert Durand
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
from the 3rd Middlesex District
In office
1979–1985
Preceded by Charles Flaherty
Succeeded by Patricia Walrath
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
from the 51st Middlesex District
In office
1977–1979
Preceded by Wilfred Balthazar
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born Argeo Paul Cellucci
(1948-04-24)April 24, 1948
Hudson, Massachusetts
Died June 8, 2013(2013-06-08) (aged 65)
Hudson, Massachusetts
Resting place Forestvale Cemetery

Hudson, Massachusetts

Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Jan Garnett
Alma mater Boston College
Religion Roman Catholicism
Military service
Service/branch United States Army Reserve
Years of service 1970-1978
Unit Reserves

Argeo Paul Cellucci (April 24, 1948 – June 8, 2013) was an American politician and diplomat from Massachusetts. A Republican, he served in state's House of Representatives and Senate before being elected the state's lieutenant governor, a position he held from 1991-97 under Governor William Weld.

When Weld resigned in 1997 after being nominated US Ambassador to Mexico, Cellucci became acting governor. He then was elected governor in 1998, and served until 2001 when he resigned to become US Ambassador to Canada, a post he held until 2005.

In 2011, Cellucci announced he had been diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease). He died from complications of the disease two years later.

Early life and career

Cellucci was born in Hudson, Massachusetts, into a political family, the son of Priscilla M. (née Rose) and Argeo R. Cellucci Jr.1 His father was of Italian descent from a small Lazio village named "San Donato Val di Comino", and his mother was of Irish ancestry.2 He graduated from Hudson Catholic High School, Boston College and Boston College Law School. He and his wife, Jan, had two daughters, Kate and Anne (who is married to a Canadian hockey player, Craig Adams). He served in the United States Army Reserve from 1970 to 1978.

He was a Republican, and held the distinction of never losing an election over his three decades in elected office in overwhelmingly Democratic Massachusetts. Cellucci was first elected to public office as a member of the Hudson Charter Commission in 1970. Subsequently, he was elected to the Hudson Board of Selectmen, on which he served from 1971 to 1977.3 In 1976, he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives where he served until 1985. He then became a member of the Massachusetts Senate, serving from 1985 to 1991. From 1991 to 1999 he was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts.citation needed

Governor of Massachusetts

Cellucci became the Acting Governor of Massachusetts in 1997 upon the resignation of William Weld.citation needed On November 3, 1998, Paul Cellucci was elected as Governor, narrowly defeating Democratic attorney general Scott Harshbarger. He had successfully fought off a challenge from State Treasurer Joe Malone in the September primary. He was sworn in as the 69th Governor of Massachusetts on January 7, 1999.citation needed

Cellucci was a fiscally conservative, anti-tax Governor who had the ability to work in a bipartisan fashion with an overwhelmingly Democratic State Legislature. In 2001, the libertarian Cato Institute, in its fifth biennial fiscal policy report card, gave Cellucci an "A" grade and said he "earned the distinction of having the best record of reducing taxes and restraining spending growth" among the nation's 50 governors. Governor Cellucci spearheaded the statewide initiative to reduce the state income tax from 5.95% to 5%, which was approved 59% to 41% by the voters of Massachusetts in November 2000.

Cellucci was also successful in maintaining the state's high education standards for its public schools. Those standards, which required students to pass exams in basic Math and English to receive a high school diploma, were a major piece of the Education Reform Act of 1993 and were phased in over time. The teachers unions wanted to weaken the standards just as they were about to take effect,citation needed but Cellucci worked with Speaker of the House Thomas Finneran and Senate President Thomas Birmingham, both Democrats, to hold the line on this issue. The standards have remained in effect and in its June 4, 2007 report card on "No Child Left Behind," Time Magazine found that Massachusetts students score the best on the federal tests.

The biggest controversy during Cellucci's tenure was the huge cost overruns on the "Big Dig" – an enormous project to replace the elevated central artery highway in Boston with an underground tunnel. Cellucci removed the project manager, Jim Kerasiotes, and put his Secretary of Administration and Finance, Andrew Natsios, in charge of the project.

Cellucci, in 1998, signed into law one of the toughest gun control measures in the United States. He was also known to take a conservative approach to crime. He supported Roe v. Wade and abortion rights, which did not always make him popular with the Catholic Church. When he was Lt. Governor, Cardinal Bernard Law uninvited him from speaking at the commencement of his alma mater, Hudson Catholic High School.citation needed

Cellucci appointed many women to high ranking positions, including Margaret H. Marshall as the first female Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Marshall's appointment marked the first time a woman headed a branch of government in Massachusetts history.citation needed

On April 10, 2001, Cellucci resigned, after George W. Bush nominated, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment as U.S. Ambassador to Canada. He was the second consecutive Massachusetts governor to resign after receiving a nomination to an ambassadorship: his predecessor William Weld was nominated to be Ambassador to Mexico by President Bill Clinton but was not confirmed by the United States Senate and did not serve as Ambassador. Cellucci was succeeded by Jane Swift, whom became the first woman in Massachusetts history to occupy the Governor's Office.

Cabinet and administration

The Cellucci Cabinet
OFFICE NAME TERM
Acting Governor Paul Cellucci 1997 – 1999
Governor Paul Cellucci 1999 – 2001
Lt. Governor Paul Cellucci
Jane M. Swift
1997 – 1998
1998 – 1999
1999 – 2001
Secretary of Transportation James Kerasiotes
Patrick J. Moynihan
Kevin J. Sullivan
1997 – 1998
1998 – 1999
1999 – 2001
Director of Housing & Community Development Jane Wallis Gumble 1997 – 2001
Secretary of Environmental Affairs Trudy Coxe
Robert Durand
1997 – 1998
1999 – 2001
Director of Consumer Affairs Jane M. Swift
Daniel Grabauskas
Jennifer Davis Carey
1997 – 1998
1998 – 1999
1999 – 2001
Secretary of Health and Human Services William D. O'Leary 1997 – 2001
Secretary of Elder Affairs Franklin P. Ollivierre
Lillian Glickman
1997 – 1998
1998 – 2001
Director of Labor & Workforce Development Angelo R. Buonopane 1997 – 2001
Secretary of Administration & Finance Charles D. Baker, Jr.
Frederick A. Laskey
Andrew Natsios
Stephen Crosby
1997 – 1998
1998 – 1999
1999 – 2000
2000 – 2001
Secretary of Public Safety Kathleen O'Toole
Jane Perlov
1997 – 1998
1998 – 2001

U.S. Ambassador to Canada

On April 17, 2001, at the Citadel in Quebec City, Cellucci presented his credentials as the 20th United States Ambassador to Canada to Governor General Adrienne Clarkson.

His four-year tenure would be a historical and controversial period in the United States – Canadian relations. On September 14, 2001, three days after the terrorist attacks on United States soil, Ambassador Cellucci thanked Canada for its overwhelming support and sympathy, including their role in Operation Yellow Ribbon, at a memorial in front of 100,000 people on Parliament Hill in Ottawa. He would mention the operation and the memorial service quite often during the days and months that followed the September 11 attacks in the United States. The months and years that followed the attacks would see extraordinary cooperation between the United States and Canada on the Smart Border Agreement, on their law enforcement and intelligence agencies to stop terrorist attacks in North America, and in Afghanistan in the war against the Taliban.

On March 25, 2003 at a speech to the Economic Club of Toronto, Cellucci faced controversy when he criticized Canadian opposition to the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. He argued that America was waging war for its own security, and that the United States would "never hesitate" to support Canada if it faced a security threat .4 This wording was considered especially unfortunate by some since the United States did in fact delay years before joining the British Empire in both World Wars I and II in Europe. The Globe and Mail reported Cellucci's remarks under the front-page headline U.S. rebukes Canada5 and Canadian nationalist Mel Hurtig called him "ill-mannered, obnoxious, [and] arrogant".6

He also earned the ire of many Canadians for his repeated support for Canada joining the U.S. missile defence program, and for urging Canada to increase defense spending. These statements, frequently perceived as implied trade threats, caused Cellucci to be sarcastically christened "the U.S. ambassador-turned-proconsul" by former Liberal cabinet minister Lloyd Axworthy in an opinion piece titled Say no to missile defence published on April 29, 2003 in The Globe and Mail. Canada has since declined to participate in the U.S. missile defence program.

While the frosty relations were due to the Canadian government's opposition to President Bush's policies, there has also been criticism of Chrétien for tolerating anti-American outbursts from his aide,7 while Martin attempted to paint his opponent, Conservative Stephen Harper, as pro-American during the 2004 Canadian federal election.

Cellucci officially resigned his Ambassadorship on March 17, 2005. A humorous indication of Canadian opnion of Cellucci's tenure was provided by CBC Television satirist Rick Mercer who promoted on his program, Rick Mercer Report, a fictitious Paul Cellucci Farewell Special entitled Don't Let the Door Hit You on the Ass.8

Later career

Cellucci at a 2008 campaign event for Presidential candidate Rudy Giuliani

On March 18, 2005, the day after Cellucci had resigned from his ambassadorship, Magna Entertainment Corporation announced they had hired Cellucci. Magna chairman Frank Stronach said Cellucci's role would be to help reform the U.S. regulations around horse racing.

In September 2005, Cellucci published a book called Unquiet Diplomacy, a memoir of his time as ambassador. In the book, he praised Canada as "a truly great nation", but also had some criticism for the governments of former Prime Ministers Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin.

The same month, shortly after an interview where U.S. Ambassador to Canada David Wilkins stirred controversy over comments he made on the case of Maher Arar, Cellucci gave an interview in which explained his position on the Arar case. While he was Ambassador, Cellucci had declined to participate into the inquiry into the Americans' "extraordinary rendition" of Arar to Syria and the possible role of Canadian officials in the rendition, being consistent with the Bush administration's position that nothing improper had been done. Cellucci's comments in the 2005 interview were seen as a rebuke to Wilkins. Cellucci acknowledged, "Part of the unfairness was that we took a Canadian citizen, shipped him to a third country without consulting with Canada," apparently exonerating Canadian officials. Cellucci did point out that as a result of the Canadian Government's protest about Arar, the United States and Canada exchanged letters, in which each undertook to notify the other country if either government was going to remove, involuntarily, a National of the other country to a third country. While each country retains all rights to do what is in its security interests, Cellucci believed that as a practical matter, this makes it highly unlikely that anything like the Arar situation will happen again.

The same interview revealed that Cellucci, as a private citizen, also had second thoughts about the stance he had taken as Ambassador on the Invasion of Iraq. During the lead-up to the Invasion of Iraq, Cellucci had put pressure on Canada to join in the invasion, based on the American and UK assertions that Saddam's administration possessed a dangerous arsenal of Weapons of Mass Destruction. But in 2005 Cellucci acknowledged: "We’re not always right, and on that particular one it looks like we weren’t right, although we know at some point in the past he did have these weapons."

Cellucci left Magna Entertainment in the Fall of 2006 and joined the Boston office of the law firm of McCarter & English, LLP, where he held the title of Special Counsel.

In 2008, Cellucci said that, after thirty-five years in public service, he had no intention of seeking further office, and that, while he had no interest in serving as Vice President, he did not exclusively rule it out.9 He supported John McCain's candidacy for president in 2008.10

In 2013, Cellucci was a signatory to an amicus curiae brief submitted to the United States Supreme Court in support of same-sex marriage during the Hollingsworth v. Perry case.11

Illness and death

On January 6, 2011, Cellucci announced he had been diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, and that it was progressing relatively slowly.12

Cellucci responded to his diagnosis by leading an effort to raise $10 million for research at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) into amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Cellucci joined UMMS Chancellor Michael F. Collins and UMMS neurologist Dr. Robert H. Brown Jr., who was leading Cellucci's treatment, before a Boston Red Sox game on May 19, 2011 at Fenway Park to announce the fundraising campaign. “I'm going to be talking to people from my old political network and I hope I can get some support there,” Cellucci said. “We have a lot of people through the social network and we can really reach out across this country.”13 On March 15, 2012, Biogen Idec announced it was donating $500,000 to the UMass ALS Champion Fund, a substantial part of the $1.3 million that the fund raised in its first year.14

Cellucci died of complications from his disease on June 8, 2013.15 He was 65.16 Governor Deval Patrick released a statement saying that "Massachusetts lost a favored son and devoted public servant today. A lawyer, legislator, governor and diplomat, Paul Cellucci was also a kind man and a friend."17 Former governor William Weld said "Paul Cellucci was simply one of the finest human beings I have ever met. I happened to know him in the realm of politics and government, but anyone who knew him in any other arena would have found the same man: a person of rock-hard integrity, keen intelligence, considerable humor, abundant compassion, and deep devotion to family and country. We are all immensely impoverished by his loss." 17 Former governor Mitt Romney wrote a message on Twitter saying "Ann and I are saddened by the loss of our friend Gov. Paul Cellucci. Our hearts and prayers are with Jan and the Cellucci family."18 "I had the chance to work with Ambassador Cellucci when I was a minister in the province of Ontario. I can attest to the fact he was a great friend to Canada, and we are grateful for his contributions to the bilateral relationship, both as ambassador and as governor of Massachusetts," said Canadian Foreign Minister John Baird.17

References

  1. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=60424826
  2. ^ http://www.telegram.com/article/20130609/NEWS/106099672/-1/NEWS05
  3. ^ http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/sfgate/obituary.aspx?n=argeo-paul-cellucci&pid=165212450#fbLoggedOut
  4. ^ "Americans 'disappointed' with Canada: Cellucci". CTV.ca. March 25, 2003. Retrieved January 26, 2008. 
  5. ^ "U.S. rebukes Canada". Globe and Mail (Canada). March 26, 2003. Retrieved January 13, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Cellucci undiplomatic, says nationalist Hurtig". CTV.ca. April 4, 2003. Retrieved January 13, 2009. 
  7. ^ "'Moron Bush' aide resigns". BBC News. November 26, 2002. Retrieved August 5, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Don't Let the Door Hit You on the Ass: The Paul Cellucci Farewell Special". Canada: CBC. March 21, 2005. Retrieved July 21, 2008. 
  9. ^ "The Wednesday Filibuster with Special Guests Wayne Root and Paul Cellucci". The Weekly Filibuster. June 25, 2008. Retrieved June 26, 2008. 
  10. ^ Cellucci rallies Harvard GOP for McCain in the Harvard Law Record
  11. ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/02/28/the-pro-freedom-republicans-are-coming-131-sign-gay-marriage-brief.html
  12. ^ Johnson, Glen (January 6, 2011). "APNewsBreak: Former Mass. Gov. Cellucci has ALS". Associated Press. Retrieved January 7, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Making a pitch for ALS research: Cellucci, UMass docs go to bat for funding," Worcester Telegram & Gazette, May 20, 2011
  14. ^ "Weston company donates $500K to Cellucci ALS fund," Metrowest Daily News, March 16, 2012
  15. ^ English, Bella; Phillips, Frank (8 June 2013). "Former governor Cellucci dies at 65 from ALS". The Boston Globe. 
  16. ^ "FORMER MASS. GOVERNOR, AMBASSADOR CELLUCCI DIES". AP. Retrieved 9 June 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2013/06/reactions_to_paul_celluccis_de.html
  18. ^ http://www.politico.com/story/2013/06/argeo-paul-cellucci-dies-92449.html?hp=l9

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Evelyn Murphy
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
1991–1999
Succeeded by
Jane Swift
Preceded by
William Weld
Governor of Massachusetts
1999–2001
Acting: 1997–1999
Succeeded by
Jane Swift
Acting
Party political offices
Preceded by
William Weld
Republican nominee for Governor of Massachusetts
1998
Succeeded by
Mitt Romney
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Gordon Giffin
United States Ambassador to Canada
2001–2005
Succeeded by
David Wilkins







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