||It has been suggested that Citroën Synergie be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since May 2013.|
|Production||March 1994–November 2010
Citroen C8 continues in Canada
|Assembly||Lieu-Saint-Amand, France (Sevel)
Jakarta, Indonesia (Gaya Motor) (1997–2003)citation needed
|Successor||Citroën Grand C4 Picasso
|Body style||5-door MPV|
|Related||Sevel Nord delivery vans|
The Eurovans are a family of large MPVs from the Citroën, Peugeot, Fiat and Lancia badges, built by Sevel at Sevel Nord factory. It was launched in March 1994. Production ceased in November 2010 for Fiat Ulysse and Lancia Phedra, but not for PSA Group siblings.
The Eurovans differ little technically and visually, being a prime example of badge engineering. The Eurovans share mechanicals and body structure with the Sevel light commercial vans: Citroën Jumpy (Dispatch), Fiat Scudo and Peugeot Expert.1
|Also called||Citroën Evasion (Synergie)
|Production||March 1994–February 2002|
|Platform||Sevel Nord vancitation needed|
The first generation Eurovans were introduced in 1994. They are smaller than American vans, like the Chrysler Voyager, which is also available in Europe. In contrast to the Toyota Previa and like American minivans they had sliding rear side doors, a trait they share with their commercial siblings. In spite of the fact that the Voyager also came in the "Grand" versions with elongated body and wheelbase (and the Espace followed suit in 1997), the Eurovans only came in one size.
The Eurovans were almost identical, the differences consisting in different grilles, lower tailgates/taillights, wheel covers/alloy wheels and exterior and interior badging, as well as different trim levels. In October 1998, the Eurovans were mildly facelifted.
Inside, the gear lever was mounted on the dashboard rather than on the floor, and the handbrake is on the door side of the driver's seat, which allowed for the elimination of central console and opened up a passage between the front seats. The seating configurations included two fixed seats in front and three individual removable seats in the middle row, along with optional two individual removable seats or a three-seater bench in the third row.
The first-generation Eurovans utilized PSA's XU/XUD engines, regardless of brand. They were later replaced by the PSA EW/DW engine. All were mated to 5-speed manual transmissions, except for the 2.0 16v EW petroleum engine, which had an option of a 4-speed automatic.
|1.8 8v||Petrol||1,761 cc (1.761 L; 107.5 cu in)||99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp) @5750 rpm||147 N·m (108 lb·ft) @2600 rpm||XU7||Not available for Lancia Zeta, phased out in 2000|
|2.0 8v||Petrol||1,998 cc (1.998 L; 121.9 cu in)||121 PS (89 kW; 119 hp) @5750 rpm||170 N·m (130 lb·ft) @2650 rpm||XU10 2C||Not available for Lancia Zeta, phased out in 2000|
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,998 cc (1.998 L; 121.9 cu in)||132 PS (97 kW; 130 hp) @5500 rpm||180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @4200 rpm||XU10 J4||Phased out in 2000|
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @6000 rpm||190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4100 rpm||EW10 J4||Optional automatic transmission; replaced all previous petroleum engines in July 2000|
|2.0 8v Turbo||Petrol||1,998 cc (1.998 L; 121.9 cu in)||147 PS (108 kW; 145 hp) @5300 rpm||235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @2500 rpm||XU10 J2TE||Phased out in 2000|
|1.9 8v TD||Diesel||1,905 cc (1.905 L; 116.3 cu in)||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4000 rpm||196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @2250 rpm||XUD9||Phased out in 2000, not available for Lancia Zeta|
|2.1 12v TD||Diesel||2,088 cc (2.088 L; 127.4 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4300 rpm||250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||XUD11||Phased out in 2000|
|2.0 8v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4000 rpm||250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @1750 rpm||DW10AETD||PSA's new HDI engine, billed JTD by Fiat in spite of that; introduced in January 2000 to replace both previous diesels|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4000 rpm||270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1750 rpm||DW10AETD4||16-valve version of previous engine, introduced in 2001|
The Evasion was badged Synergie in the right hand drive markets of both the United Kingdom and Ireland, presumably due to the existence of the English word "evasion" which is pronounced differently from the French and has different connotations (the word means 'getting away from it all' in French but 'escaping' or 'avoiding' (esp. by subterfuge) in English). However, the car retained the Evasion name in New Zealand. In 1998 the Citroën Evasion received a slight facelift including a larger logo and a restyling of the front grille and rear bumper.
The 806 was named according to Peugeot's "x0x" system, where the first digit indicates model series (vehicle size/class) and the last indicates the generation, with a central zero. The largest Peugeot series then available was the executive saloon 605, so Peugeot chose 8, potentially leaving room for an in between model. The Eurovans were launched when Peugeot was replacing the "x05" with "x06" models, so it was appropriately labeled "806".
The Fiat was named after Ulysses, the Roman name for Odysseus, the hero of Homer's Odyssey. This could have been problematic as Honda used the Odyssey name for their minivan, but the Honda Odyssey was only sold in Europe in its first generation and then named Honda Shuttle. The Ulysse range received a facelift in 1999.
Following the traditional naming theme, Lancia named its variant with the, previously unused, Greek letter Zeta. With its big chrome grille, the Lancia served as the "premium" Eurovan, not available with base engines and exceptionally well equipped, with prices up to 20% higher than corresponding versions of other Eurovans.
|Production||February 2002–November 2010|
|Platform||Sevel Nord van|
|Wheelbase||2,823 mm (111.1 in)|
|Length||4,727 mm (186.1 in) (Peugeot 807)|
|Width||1,854 mm (73.0 in) (Peugeot 807)|
|Height||1,752 mm (69.0 in) (Peugeot 807)|
In 2002 the second generation of the Eurovans was launched. The 807 itself was launched in June, followed by the C8 in July.2 The floorpan, wheelbase, and suspension were not altered, but all exterior dimensions-including front and rear tracks- were increased. The increase in length of almost 30 cm greatly enhanced interior volume. The new Eurovans were afforded a much more bubbly, contemporary look, along with a modern-looking dashboard with centrally mounted gauges.
The differences between the various versions were more pronounced, encompassing entire front fascias and rear sections (including head- and tail-lights), as well as different interior colour themes. The middle and third row seats now had fore/aft sliders to increase flexibility and also adjustable backs. As with the first generation, a three-seater bench seat was available in the third row, slotting in to the standard third row seat runners, with back-lowering and tilt forward arrangements to increase boot space.
The Citroën C8 and Peugeot 807 also got a light facelift in 2008.
The Fiat and the Lancia were slightly wider than PSA vans, and the Phedra is also longer than other Eurovans.3
To highlight the launch of the V6 engine, Peugeot presented a design study called Peugeot 807 Grand Tourisme at the 2003 Geneva Motor Show. Apart from the fancier 4-passenger interior and some mechanical and visual tuning, the car was essentially a top-of-the-line 807 in a purple colour.
The engine range comprised again of different versions of the PSA EW/DW engine, paired with either 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmissions. (A six-speed manual option was added in the UK in late 2004). Additionally, top-of-the-line versions came with the PSA ES V6.
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @6000 rpm||190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @4100 rpm||EW10 J4||Later replaced by the new 140 PS version of the same engine|
|2.0 16v||Petrol||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm||200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @4000 rpm||EW10 A||Replaced the 136 PS version; not available for Fiat or Lancia|
|2.2 16v||Petrol||2,230 cc (2.23 L; 136 cu in)||158 PS (116 kW; 156 hp) @5650 rpm||217 N·m (160 lb·ft) @3900 rpm||EW12 J4||Not available for Fiat or Lancia|
|3.0 24v||Petrol||2,946 cc (2.946 L; 179.8 cu in)||204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) @6000 rpm||285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @3750 rpm||ES9||Added in 2003, only available with automatic transmission|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @4000 rpm||270 N·m (200 lb·ft) @1750 rpm||DW10|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp) @4000 rpm||300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||DW10|
|2.0 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||1,997 cc (1.997 L; 121.9 cu in)||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @4000 rpm||320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||DW10 BTED4|
|2.2 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||2,179 cc (2.179 L; 133.0 cu in)||128 PS (94 kW; 126 hp) @4000 rpm||314 N·m (232 lb·ft) @2000 rpm||DW12 TED4||Only available with manual transmission, in 2005 changed to 6-speed|
|2.2 16v HDi/JTD||Diesel||2,179 cc (2.179 L; 133.0 cu in)||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @4000 rpm||370 N·m (270 lb·ft) @1500 rpm||DW12||From 2008 new 2.2 bi-TURBO|
Citroën chose to put the minivan in line with its new naming theme, where models were called Cx (x being a number roughly corresponding to the relative size of a given model), hence the Citroën C8. Since the end of production of the C8 it has been replaced by the Citroën Grand C4 Picasso and Citroën DS5.
The 807 replaced the 806, and itself was replaced by the Peugeot 5008.
As the new Lancias didn't use Greek letters in the 2000s (until the revival of the Lancia Delta in 2008), the new minivan was called Lancia Phedra, in honor of the Greek mythological figure Phaedra. The successor is the Lancia Voyager.
|2011||6,3762||5,7312||6,3452||5,5402||Total 807 production reaches 185,190 units.
Total C8 production reaches 143,761 units.2
- "Fiat Scudo Van Range : DO YOU DO SCUDO? - Yahoo! Cars". Uk.cars.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2011-11-26.
- "PSA Annual Report 2012". Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Nowy Auto Katalog. Motor Presse Polska. 2006. pp. 191–271. ISSN 1233-0793. - technical data based on 2005/06 models
- "New model: Fiat Freemont". Italiaspeed.com. 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
- "PSA". Psa-peugeot-citroen.com. 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën". Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 09 April 2013.
|« previous — Automobiles Citroën, a subsidiary of the PSA Peugeot Citroën since 1976, car timeline, 1980s–present|
|Supermini||LN / LNA||AX|
|Dyane||Axel||Saxo I||Saxo II||C2||DS3|
|Visa||C3 I||C3 II|
|Small family car||GSA||ZX||Xsara I||Xsara II||C4 I||C4 II|
|Large family car||BX||Xantia||C5 I||C5 II|
|Xsara Picasso||C3 Picasso|
|C4 Grand Picasso|
|Van||H Van||C25||Jumpy I||Jumpy II|
|« previous — Peugeot road vehicle timeline, 1980s–present|
|Small family car||305||301|
|Large family car||504||405||406||407||508|
|Convertible||205 Cabriolet||206 CC||207 CC|
|306 Cabriolet||307 CC||308 CC|
|Leisure activity vehicle||Bipper Tepee|
|Partner Combi||Partner Tepee|
|« previous — Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. car timeline, European market, 1980s–present|
|City car||126||Cinquecento||Seicento / 600|
|Panda I||Panda II||Panda III|
|Supermini||127||Uno||Punto I||Punto II|
|Grande Punto||Punto Evo||Punto|
|Palio / Siena||Albea|
|Small family car||Ritmo||Tipo||Bravo / Brava||Stilo||Bravo II|
|Large family car||132||Argenta||Croma I||Croma II|
|LAV||Fiorino I||Fiorino II||Fiorino III|
|Doblò I||Doblò II|
|Large MPV||Ulysse I||Ulysse II||Freemont|
|Van||Daily||Scudo I||Scudo II|
|Ducato I||Ducato II||Ducato III|
|« previous — Lancia Automobiles S.p.A., a subsidiary of the Fiat S.p.A. since 1969, car timeline, 1980s–present|
|Supermini||A112||Y10||Y||Ypsilon I||Ypsilon II|
|Small family car||Delta I||Delta II||Delta III|
|Large family car||Beta||Prisma||Dedra||Lybra||Flavia II|
|Executive car||Gamma||Thema I||Kappa||Thesis||Thema II|