Coordinates: 10°11′S 166°10′E / 10.183°S 166.167°E
picture of the Reef Islands. Pileni is the island on the right off the northern coast
Pileni is a culturally important island in the Reef Islands, in the northern part of the Solomon Islands province of Temotu. Despite its location in Melanesia, the population of the islands is Polynesian.
Pileni once gave its name to the Samoic-Outlier language spoken there. What used to be called Pileni is now more commonly referred to under its native name Vaeakau-Taumako.