Pioche, Nevada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pioche, Nevada
Census-designated place
Pioche Town Hall
Pioche Town Hall
Pioche is located in Nevada
Pioche
Pioche
Location in the state of Nevada
Coordinates: 37°56′29″N 114°26′56″W / 37.94139°N 114.44889°W / 37.94139; -114.44889Coordinates: 37°56′29″N 114°26′56″W / 37.94139°N 114.44889°W / 37.94139; -114.44889
Country United States
State Nevada
County Lincoln
Area
 • Total 6.1 sq mi (15.9 km2)
 • Land 6.1 sq mi (15.9 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,002
 • Density 160/sq mi (63/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 89043
FIPS code 32-57400
GNIS feature ID 0854572
Reference No. 5

Pioche is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Lincoln County, Nevada, United States, about 180 miles (290 km) northeast of Las Vegas. Its elevation is 6,060 feet (1,850 m) above sea level. Pioche is the county seat of Lincoln County. It is named after François Louis Alfred Pioche, a San Francisco financier.12 The town's population was 1,002 at the 2010 census.3

History

The first European-American settlement of the area occurred in 1864 with the opening of a silver mine. The settlers abandoned the area when indigenous communities effectively mounted resistance to colonization. Recolonization launched in 1868, and François Pioche bought the town in 1869. By the early 1870s, it had grown to become one of the most important silver-mining towns in Nevada.

The town had a reputation for being one of the roughest towns in the Old West. Local lore says 72 men were killed in gunfights before the first natural death occurred in the camp. This legend is immortalized by the creation of Boot Hill, now a landmark in the city.

Landmarks and attractions

Pioche is known for its "Million Dollar Courthouse", built in 1872. The original cost of $88,000 far exceeded initial estimates and was financed, and refinanced with bonds totaling nearly $1 million. Pioche currently contains the county administrative offices and has one of the oldest grade schools in the state.

Next door to the courthouse sits the old Mountain View Hotel, where President Herbert Hoover is said to have stayed in 1930. Built in 1895, the hotel served the lodging needs of dignitaries visiting Pioche on court business. Although the building no longer serves as a hotel, it still is a superb example of turn-of-the-century western architecture. There is another hotel, the Overland, which is still operating, with 14 themed rooms on the second floor over the main saloon. Local folklore suggests that it is haunted by one or more ghosts.

An aerial tramway carried buckets of ore from the mines to the Godbe Mill. The tramway ran during the 1920s and 1930s and was used for the transportation of silver and nickel ore. Although the tramway is abandoned, its cables still stretch over parts of the town, and its ore buckets still hang to this day.

During Labor Day in September, the population swells when tourists and old locals come to taste the small-town atmosphere. Tourists can participate in a variety of mucking events and view heritage day plays which are based upon true Pioche stories and focus on local heritage. The day's events are capped by an impressive fireworks display.

Current-day Pioche now boasts a well-developed downtown area, with parks, historic buildings and a vintage mining atmosphere. A Christmas tree lighting occurs each December, with a public tree decorated by locals. Visitors can still see the ore cars dangling overhead which used to carry the ore to the refinery farther down the hill.

The town of Pioche is Nevada Historical Marker 5.4

Climate

Pioche experiences a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa/Dfa) bordering on semi-arid (Köppen BSk).

Climate data for Pioche, Nevada (Elevation 6,060ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
72
(22)
77
(25)
94
(34)
93
(34)
102
(39)
109
(43)
105
(41)
99
(37)
91
(33)
80
(27)
67
(19)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 42.1
(5.6)
46.1
(7.8)
52.0
(11.1)
60.9
(16.1)
70.2
(21.2)
81.0
(27.2)
88.7
(31.5)
86.4
(30.2)
78.2
(25.7)
66.1
(18.9)
52.1
(11.2)
43.8
(6.6)
64.0
(17.8)
Average low °F (°C) 20.9
(−6.2)
23.4
(−4.8)
28.1
(−2.2)
34.1
(1.2)
42.4
(5.8)
51.0
(10.6)
57.8
(14.3)
56.6
(13.7)
49.3
(9.6)
39.0
(3.9)
28.3
(−2.1)
22.3
(−5.4)
37.8
(3.2)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−15
(−26)
−5
(−21)
9
(−13)
14
(−10)
20
(−7)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
6
(−14)
−5
(−21)
−7
(−22)
−16
(−27)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.55
(39.4)
1.48
(37.6)
1.59
(40.4)
1.05
(26.7)
0.96
(24.4)
0.38
(9.7)
1.00
(25.4)
1.35
(34.3)
0.91
(23.1)
1.03
(26.2)
1.01
(25.7)
1.29
(32.8)
13.60
(345.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 9.6
(24.4)
7.1
(18)
6.2
(15.7)
2.4
(6.1)
0.4
(1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2)
2.7
(6.9)
5.8
(14.7)
35.2
(89.4)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center5

References

  1. ^ Pioche, François Louis Alfred at San Francisco's History Encyclopedia online
  2. ^ Lincoln County Website, Pioche
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Pioche CDP, Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Nevada Historical Markers". Nevada State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 

External links








Creative Commons License