Plitvička Jezera

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Plitvička Jezera
Municipality
Map of the Plitvička Jezera municipality within its county
Map of the Plitvička Jezera municipality within its county
Plitvička Jezera is located in Croatia
Plitvička Jezera
Plitvička Jezera
Location of Plitvička Jezera within Croatia
Coordinates: 44°52′N 15°37′E / 44.867°N 15.617°E / 44.867; 15.617
Country Croatia
County Lika-Senj
Government
 • Mayor Ivica Kukuruzović (HDZ)
Area
 • Total 539.08 km2 (208.14 sq mi)
Elevation 612 m (2,008 ft)
Population (2011)1
 • Total 4,373
 • Density 9/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 53 231
Area code(s) 053
Website www.tzplitvice.hr

Plitvička Jezera (pronounced [plîtv̞itʃkaː jɛzɛ̌ra] or just Plitvice [plîtv̞itsɛ]; Plitvice Lakes, in English) is a municipality (općina) in central Croatia, in the eastern part of the Lika-Senj county, that lies in and near the eponymous Plitvice Lakes National Park, bisected by the D1 main road (ZagrebSplit). Its total area is 539.08 km². The main town and seat of the municipality is Korenica. Other smaller towns and villages are Bjelopolje, Jezerce, Gornji Vaganac, Ličko Petrovo Selo, Plitvice and Smoljanac.

Demographics

According to 2001 census, its total population was 4,668. The ethnic composition of Plitvička Jezera was 67.3% Croat and 30.5% Serb. In the 2011 census, the population dropped to 4,373, of which 70,11% were Croats and 27,08% were Serbs. The pre-war numbers show a Serb majority.citation needed

The settlements in the municipality are:2

History

During the Croatian War of Independence and the Krajina uprising, many areas were mined to stop enemy advances. The area around Korana Bridge has recently been demined,3 but there are still some others still suspected to be mine contaminated, as for reports from the local NGO Croatian Mine Action Centre.4

Many local inhabitants of Serb ethnicity left the municipality during the war, with around 1,500 - 2,000 of them returning once the situation improved.5

Economy

It is most famous for the Plitvice Lakes National Park, a major tourist destination and its main source of income, together with arable lands, grazing lands and woods. Due to the Plitvice Lakes National Park unique geological evolution and beauty, it was entered in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1979.

According to Human Rights Watch, many of the ethnic Serbian returnees were experiencing a higher unemployment rate, and were also being "excluded from work in municipal or town-run services and institutions, including the National Park".5

See also

Notable natives and residents

References

  1. ^ "Population contingents, by towns/municipalities, census 2001". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  2. ^ "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 2014-02-01. 
  3. ^ [1]dead link
  4. ^ [2]dead link
  5. ^ a b "Broken Promises: Impediments to Refugee Return: ENJOYMENT OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS". HRW. Retrieved 2014-02-01. 

External links

Coordinates: 44°52′50″N 15°36′58″E / 44.88056°N 15.61611°E / 44.88056; 15.61611








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