Pope Innocent IX

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Pope
Innocent IX
Innocent IX 2.jpg
Papacy began 29 October 1591
Papacy ended 30 December 1591
Predecessor Gregory XIV
Successor Clement VIII
Orders
Ordination 11 March 1544
Created Cardinal 12 December 1583
Personal details
Birth name Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti
Born (1519-07-20)20 July 1519
Bologna, Papal State
Died 30 December 1591(1591-12-30) (aged 72)
Rome, Papal State
Other popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent IX (Latin: Innocentius IX; 20 July 1519 – 30 December 1591), born Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti,1 was Pope from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papacy, he had been a Canon Lawyer, diplomat, and chief administrator during the reign of Pope Gregory XIV (1590–1591).

Biography

Facchinetti, whose family came from Crodo, in the diocese of Novara, northern Italy, was born in Bologna on 20 July 1519. He was a lawyer,2 a graduate in 1544 of the University of Bologna, which was pre-eminent in jurisprudence, and became secretary to Cardinal Nicolò Ardinghelli before entering the service of Alessandro Cardinal Farnese, brother of the Duke of Parma and grandson of Pope Paul III (1534–1549), one of the great patrons of the time. The Cardinal, who was archbishop of Avignon, sent Facchinetti there as his ecclesiastical representative and subsequently recalled him to the management of his affairs at Parma, where he was acting governor of the city, from 1556 to 1558. In 1560, Facchinetti was named Bishop of Nicastro, in Calabria,3 and in 1562 was present at the Council of Trent. Pope Pius V (1566–1572) sent him as papal nuncio to Venice in 15664 to further the papal alliance with Spain and Venice against the Turks, which ultimately resulted in the victory of Lepanto in 1571.5 Relinquishing his see to pursue his career in Rome, he was named titular Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1572.

Papal administration

Papal styles of
Pope Innocent IX
C o a Innocenzo IX.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style None

Even before Gregory XIV died, Spanish and anti-Spanish factions were electioneering for the next Pope. Philip II of Spain's (1556–1598) high-handed interference at the previous conclave was not forgotten: he had barred all but seven cardinals. This time the Spanish party in the College of Cardinals did not go so far, but they still controlled a majority, and after a quick conclave they raised Facchinetti to the papal chair as Pope Innocent IX. Mindful of the origin of his success, Innocent IX supported, during his two months' pontificate, the cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV of France (1589–1610) in the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598), where a papal army was in the field.6 Death, however, did not permit the realisation of Innocent IX's schemes.

His great-nephew Giovanni Antonio Cardinal Facchinetti de Nuce, juniore, was one of two Cardinals appointed during the weeks of Innocent IX's pontificate. A later member of the Cardinalate was his great-grandnephew Cesare Facchinetti (made a Cardinal in 1643).

See also

References

  1. ^ John Jeffries Martin, Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City, (University of California Press, 1993), 183.
  2. ^ John Jeffries Martin, Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City, 183.
  3. ^ John Jeffries Martin, Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City, 183.
  4. ^ John Jeffries Martin, Venice's Hidden Enemies: Italian Heretics in a Renaissance City, 183.
  5. ^ Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes, (HarperCollins, 2000), 295.
  6. ^ Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes, 296.

External links

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
unknown
Titular Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
1572–85
Succeeded by
Scipione Gonzaga
Preceded by
Gregory XIV
Pope
29 October – 30 December 1591
Succeeded by
Clement VIII







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