Pope Leo XI
|Papacy began||1 April 1605|
|Papacy ended||27 April 1605|
|Ordination||22 July 1567
by Antonio Altoviti
|Consecration||by Francisco Pacheco de Villena (Toledo)|
|Created Cardinal||12 December 1583|
|Birth name||Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici|
2 June 1535|
Florence, Duchy of Florence
|Died||27 April 1605
Rome, Papal State
|Other popes named Leo|
Father Alessandro served as the Florentine ambassador to Pope Pius V from 1569 to 1584.4 Gregory XIII made him bishop of Pistoia in 1573, archbishop of Florence in 1574,5 and was made Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quirico e Giulitta in 1583.2
On 14 March 1605, eleven days after the death of Clement VIII, 62 cardinals entered the conclave. Prominent among the candidates for the papacy were the great historian Baronius and the famous Jesuit controversialist Robert Bellarmine. But Pietro Aldobrandini, the leader of the Italian party among the cardinals, allied with the French cardinals and brought about the election of Alessandro against the express wish of King Philip III of Spain. King Henry IV of France is said to have spent 300,000 écus in the promotion of Alessandro's candidacy.7
When he was elected, Leo XI was almost seventy years of age, and he died twenty seven days later.8 His death came as a result of fatigue and cold in the ceremony of taking possession of the Basilica of St John Lateran. He was called Papa Lampo ("Lightning Pope") because his papacy was so short.
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2013-3-15.
- "Pope Leo XI", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2013-3-15.
- Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes, (HarperCollins, 2000), 298.
- Sally J. Cornelison, Art and the Relic Cult of St. Antoninus in Renaissance Florence, (Ashgate Publishing, 2012), 126.
- Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes, 298.
- Leo XI, Bernard Barbiche, The Papacy: An Encyclopedia, Vol. II, ed. Philippe Levillain, (Routledge, 2002), 929.
- Eamon Duffy, Saints & Sinners: A History of the Popes, (Yale University Press, 2006), 236.
- George L. Williams, Papal Genealogy:The Families and Descendants of the Popes, (McFarland & Company, 1998), 75.
Media related to Leo XI at Wikimedia Commons
- "Pope Leo XI". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- "Leo XI" in Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
- Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Leo XI
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Medici
- Leo XI at St Peter's Basilica
|Catholic Church titles|
1–27 April 1605