Pope Matthew III of Alexandria
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Matthew III of Alexandria
|100th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark|
|Papacy began||7 September 1631|
|Papacy ended||31 March 1646|
|Born||Toukh El-Nasarah, El-Monufia, Egypt|
|Died||31 March 1646
|Buried||Church in Toukh El-Nasarah|
|Denomination||Coptic Orthodox Christian|
|Residence||Church of the Virigin Mary (Haret Zuweila)|
Pope Matthew III of Alexandria (Abba Matta III), 100th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. His papacy was during the time when Egypt was part of the Ottoman Empire. Egypt in that time was ruled by consecutive short term (2-3 years each) representatives of the Sultan and the church was under a lot of pressure from the rulers.
After the departure of Pope Youannas XV, and that was in the fifth day of the month latter Year 1346 Coptic, 7 September, 1629, the Synod of Bishops met with leaders of the Christian people, and thought together about who to choose. And in consultation together they come to agreement on a monk named "Tadros" from Monastery of St. Macerious. He was born in Tookh Menoufia to Christians parents who taught him fear of God and piety, and gave him a good upbringing. the n he studied in the kotab school in his town (this was the name of "school" in the Middle Ages, attached to either the church or mosque. He studied the Coptic language, the Bible; as well as Math and Science of his time).
+ As he grew up and learn, his inclinations began to appear in the direction of living of asceticism and austerity and asceticism and abstinence; and so longed to monastic life,so he left his town and went to the monastery of St Macerious in the wilderness of Nitrite following the saying of Christ «who who loves his father or mother more than me is not worthy of me. .. who who does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me »(Mt 10: 38.37).
+it was said in his biography that he became famous among his peers in the monastery because of supremacy of ethics and gentleness, knowledge and piety and righteousness,so he was promoted to be a priest of the monastery. Due to the severity of his zeal and his goodness and compassion, set up by the monks of the monastery as the, head of the monastery, and was commissioned to degree of "Alaagomans".
- As stated in the "History of the Patriarchs", authored by bishop Fouh, p 187; and "accommodations inspirational", pp. 522-523.
- "Coptic history of the nation", p 253.
- calendar times of Christianity in Egypt, Ethiopia, p 268; "series History of the Popes", p 102.
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