Catholicism is the entirety of the beliefs and practices of the Western and Eastern Churches that are in full communion with the pope as the Bishop of Rome and successor of Saint Peter the Apostle, united as the Roman Catholic Church.
The term Catholic Christianity entered into Roman law by force of edict under the Roman Emperor Theodosius on February 27 AD 380 in the Theodosian Code XVI.i.2: "It is our desire that all the various nations which are subject to our clemency and moderation, should continue the profession of that religion which was delivered to the Romans by the divine Apostle Peter, as it has been preserved by faithful tradition and which is now professed by the Pontiff Damasus and by Peter, Bishop of Alexandria, a man of apostolic holiness. According to the apostolic teaching and the doctrine of the Gospel, let us believe in the one Deity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, in equal majesty and in a holy Trinity. We authorize the followers of this law to assume the title Catholic Christians; but as for the others, since in our judgment they are foolish madmen, we decree that they shall be branded with the ignominious name of heretics, and shall not presume to give their conventicles the name of churches. They will suffer in the first place the chastisement of divine condemnation and the second the punishment of our authority, in accordance with the will of heaven shall decide to inflict."
[Extract of English translation from Henry Bettenson, ed., Documents of the Christian Church (London: Oxford University Press, 1943), p. 31, cited at Medieval Sourcebook: Theodosian Code XVI by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. Retrieved Jan 5, 2007. The full Latin text of the code is at IMPERATORIS THEODOSIANI CODEX Liber Decimus Sextus (170KB download), archived from George Mason University. trieved Jan 5, 2007.]
Dunstan (c.909–19 May 988) was an abbot of Glastonbury, a bishop of Worcester, a bishop of London, and an archbishop of Canterbury who was later canonized as a saint. His work restored monastic life in England and reformed the English Church. His 11th century biographer, Osbern, himself an artist and scribe, states that Dunstan was skilled in "making a picture and forming letters", as were other clergy of his age who reached senior rank. Dunstan served as an important minister of state to several English kings. He was the most popular saint in England for nearly two centuries, having gained fame for the many stories of his greatness. Adding to Dunstan's myth was his legendary cunning in dealing with the Devil. As a young boy, Dunstan studied under the Irish monks who then occupied the ruins of Glastonbury abbey.
Did you know...
- ... that the idea for the Red Scapular of the Passion (pictured), approved by Pope Pius IX, is said to have been given to a French nun by visions of Jesus and Mary in 1846?
- ... that Father Nicolas Sarrabat, SJ, a French scientist and Jesuit, conducted experiments on the circulation of plants, argued that magnetism was caused by a fire at the Earth's centre, and discovered the largest comet ever recorded?
- ... that Father Lucien Galtier, the first Catholic priest in Minnesota, was responsible for renaming the city of Saint Paul, Minnesota, from its previous name of Pig's Eye?
Feast Day of May 18
Saint Venantius of Camerino (d. ca. 250) is an Italian saint, and the patron of Camerino. Christian tradition holds that he was a seventeen-year old who was tortured and martyred by beheading at Camerino during the persecutions of Decius. Martyred with him were the priest Porphyrius, Venantius' tutor; and Leontius, bishop of the city.His legend states that, before Venantius was killed, he was scourged, burned with flaming torches, hanged upside-down over a fire, had his teeth knocked out and his jaw broken, thrown to the lions, and tossed over a high cliff. His 11th century Acts state additionally that he managed to briefly escape from Camerino and hide out at Raiano, where a church was later dedicated to him.Venantius was buried outside the city walls of Camerino, where a basilica was built in the fifth century, and later rebuilt many times in succeeding centuries. The cult of Venantius became popular: his image appeared on coins and in litanies; springs near the basilica, which were associated with the saint, were used by lepers and people with ulcers to cure their afflictions. Venantius subsequently replaced Saint Ansovinus as the city's patron saint.
Attributes:young man crucified upside-down with smoke coming from his head; young man holding the citadel of Camerino; young man holding the city of Camerino, a palm, and a book; young man with a banner holding a city wall
||Jesus Christ, whose body and blood are truly contained in the sacrament of the altar under the forms of bread and wine; the bread being changed (transsubstantiatio) by divine power into the body, and the wine into the blood, so that to realize the mystery of unity we may receive of Him what He has received of us. And this sacrament no one can effect except the priest who has been duly ordained in accordance with the keys of the Church, which Jesus Christ Himself gave to the Apostles and their successors.
- May 10, 20133: Cardinal Sean O'Malley (pictured), Archbishop of Boston, announces he will not attend commencement ceremonies at Boston College as the invited speaker, Taoiseach Enda Kenny, supports abortion legislation. (Boston Globe)
- April 17, 2013: Melkite-Greek Patriarch of Antioch Gregory III Laham estimates that over 1,000 Christians have been killed, and a further 400,000 have been displaced, as a result of the Syrian Civil War. (Christian Today)
- April 11, 2013: Servant of God Father Emil Kapaun is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions as a United States Army chaplain during the Korean War. (U.S. News & World Report)
- April 8, 2013: The 95th plenary session of the Mexican Episcopal Conference begins in Mexico City. (Agenzia Fides)
Things you can do
If you want to help, you can do the following things: