In Canada, the most commonly preferred term for indigenous peoples is Aboriginal peoples. Of these Aboriginal peoples who are not Inuit or Métis, First Nations is the most commonly preferred term of self-identification. First Nations peoples make up approximately 3% of the Canadian population. The official term for First Nations people is Indian. (See also: Aboriginal peoples in Canada portal)
Indigenous peoples in the United States are commonly called American Indians or Native Americans. American Indians make up 2% of the population, with more than 6 million people identifying themselves as Native Americans, although only 1.8 million are registered tribal members. Only a minority live on Indian reservations.
An igloo (Inuit language: iglu, Inuktitut syllabics: ᐃᒡᓗ, "house", plural: iglooit or igluit) or snowhouse is a type of shelter built out of snow, originally built by the Inuit. Iglu is the Inuit word for a house or home built out of any material, and is not restricted exclusively to snowhouses, but includes traditional tents, sod houses, homes constructed of driftwood and modern buildings. Outside Inuit society, however, "igloo" refers exclusively to shelters constructed out of blocks of compacted snow, generally in the form of a dome.
The Hupa (also known as Hoopa) are an Athabaskantribe which inhabit northwestern California. Hupa are Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Athabascan linguistic stock. They believe that they lived in the Hoopa Valley for over 400,000 years, but their language suggests that they are relatively recent immigrants from what is now western Canada.