Postojna

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Postojna
Postojna1.jpg
Postojna is located in Slovenia
Postojna
Postojna
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°46′33.11″N 14°12′49.18″E / 45.7758639°N 14.2136611°E / 45.7758639; 14.2136611Coordinates: 45°46′33.11″N 14°12′49.18″E / 45.7758639°N 14.2136611°E / 45.7758639; 14.2136611
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Inner Carniola
Statistical region Inner Carniola–Karst
Municipality Postojna
Area
 • Total 33.3 km2 (12.9 sq mi)
Elevation 556.4 m (1,825.5 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 9,189
1

Postojna (pronounced [pɔˈstoːi̯na]; German: Adelsberg, Italian: Postumia) is a town in the traditional region of Inner Carniola, 35 kilometers (22 mi) from Trieste, in southwestern Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Postojna.2

History

The area is known to have been populated since the paleolithic era due to the discovery of a cave settlement near the town of Postojna called Betal Rock Shelter (Betalov spodmol). The town lies on the Pivka River. Written sources first mention the settlement in the 13th century and in 1432 it became a borough. It was proclaimed a town in 1909.2 From the late Middle Ages, it was part of the Duchy of Carniola and hence of the Habsburg Monarchy. It was under Italian rule between 1918 and 1943 (nominally to 1947) and was part of the province of Trieste as Postumia.3

Mass grave

Postojna is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Pine Shaft Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Brezno v borovcih) is located southeast of Postojna, between Little Trebevnik Hill (Mali Trebevnik) and Big Trebevnik Hill (Veliki Trebevnik). It is a steep sinkhole that contains the remains of unidentified victims.456

Climate

Climate data for Postojna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(40)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(64)
22
(71)
24
(76)
24
(75)
20
(68)
14
(57)
7
(45)
4
(39)
13.3
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−4
(25)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
7
(44)
10
(50)
11
(52)
11
(52)
8
(47)
4
(40)
1
(34)
−2
(28)
3.6
(38.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 107
(4.2)
86
(3.4)
140
(5.5)
135
(5.3)
196
(7.7)
155
(6.1)
130
(5)
155
(6.1)
188
(7.4)
208
(8.2)
208
(8.2)
130
(5)
1,838
(72.1)
Source: Weatherbase 7

Attractions

One of Slovenia's major tourist attractions, Postojna Cave, is located near the town.

Church

The parish church in the town is dedicated to Saint Stephen and belongs to the Koper Diocese. Within the urban area of Postojna, the church dedicated to the Prophet Daniel in the hamlet of Zalog and the chapel dedicated to Saint Lazarus at the town cemetery also belong to this parish.8

See also

References

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b Postojna municipal site (Slovene)
  3. ^ http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/it/thumb/9/91/Venezia_Giulia.jpg/487px-Venezia_Giulia.jpg
  4. ^ Pine Shaft Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
  5. ^ Komisija za reševanje vprašanj prikritih grobišč. 2008. Poročilo Komisije vlade Republike Slovenije za reševanje vprašanj prikritih grobišč: 2005-2008. Ljubljana, Družina, p. 1903.
  6. ^ Ferenc, Mitja, & Ksenija Kovačec-Naglič. 2005. Prikrito in očem zakrito: prikrita grobišča 60 let po koncu druge svetovne vojne. Ljubljana: Muzej novejše zgodovine, p. 122.
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Postojna, Slovenia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  8. ^ Koper Diocese list of churches

External links








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