February 26, 1916|
Ash Flat, Arkansas
|Died: November 9, 2008
West Plains, Missouri
|Batted: Right||Threw: Left|
|August 22, 1938 for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 4, 1954 for the Brooklyn Dodgers|
|Earned run average||3.43|
|Career highlights and awards|
Elwin Charles Roe (February 26, 1916 – November 9, 2008), known as Preacher Roe, was a Major League Baseball pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals (1938), Pittsburgh Pirates (1944–1947), and Brooklyn Dodgers (1948–1954).
Roe was born on February 26, 1916, in Ash Flat, Arkansas and grew up in Viola, Arkansas. The nickname "Preacher" came at age 3 when an uncle asked his name and Roe responded "preacher" because of a minister who would take him on horse-and-buggy rides. Roe attended Harding College (now University).1 At Harding, in a thirteen-inning game in 1937, Roe gained national attention by striking out twenty-six batters.
In the summer of 1938, Roe was signed by Branch Rickey, then general manager for the St. Louis Cardinals. Roe pitched in one game for the team that season, giving up six hits, two walks and four runs in 2⅔ innings. He spent the next five seasons in the Cardinals' minor league system before being traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates on September 30, 1943 in exchange for pitcher Johnny Podgajny, outfielder Johnny Wyrostek and cash.2
As a fastball pitcher with the Pirates, Roe had a record of 13-11 with a 3.11 earned run average in 1944 and a 14-13 record with a 2.87 ERA in 1945. His 148 strikeouts in the 1945 season led the National League and he was selected for (but did not play in) the 1945 All-Star Game.2 While coaching high school basketball after the 1945 season, Roe fractured his skull in a fight with a referee.1 His pitching suffered in the following seasons, with Roe's record falling to 3-8 and an ERA of 5.14 in 1946 and deteriorated further in 1947, as he finished the season with a record of 4-15 and an ERA of 5.25.2
Ralph Kiner, he said, stood in a hole in the outfield. He caught balls hit to his hole but otherwise did not field. One can get a great flavor of 'Ole Preach', as he was called, by reading Roger Kahn's book The Boys of Summer.
Branch Rickey, the general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, remembered Roe from Rickey's time in the Cardinals' management and engineered a trade.1 On December 8, 1947, the Dodgers got Roe, and infielders Billy Cox and Gene Mauch in exchange for pitchers Hal Gregg and Vic Lombardi and outfielder Dixie Walker.12
With his health improving and with the spitball now in his repertoire, Roe had much success with the Dodgers, including winning records in his first six seasons with the team.1 Roe finished the 1948 season with a record of 12-8 and an ERA of 2.63.2
Selected to play in the 1949 All-Star Game, Roe pitched in the ninth inning, retiring all three batters he faced.3 He improved further in the 1949 season, finishing with a 15-6 record and a 2.79 ERA.2 He pitched for the first time in the postseason in the 1949 World Series, winning Game 2 with a six-hit complete game shutout against the New York Yankees that the Dodgers won 1-0, their only win in the five game series.4
He posted an exceptional 22-3 won-loss record for the Dodgers in 1951, becoming only the fifth pitcher since 1916 to begin the season 10-0.5
Roe was an exceptional pitcher, but notorious as a poor hitter, finishing his career with a .110 batting average.2 In 1953, he hit a home run at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, the only one of his career, causing fans to roar in surprise and delight. Dodger broadcaster Red Barber told his radio audience, "Well, old Number 28 has hit a home run, and we'll never hear the end of it, folks!"
Preacher was still pitching in the majors at age 39, unusual at the time, and was the third-oldest player in the National League in the 1954 season, his last in the majors.6 When asked to explain his longevity, he replied "Clean livin' and the spitball." He described his methodology in a 1955 article in Sports Illustrated, "The Outlawed Spitball Was My Money Pitch", published a year after he retired.17
Roe's overall career statistics were hurt by the fact that he was away from baseball during World War II and that for two of the years he pitched for the Pirates they were among the worst teams in the National League. Contrasting the fielding of the Dodgers and the Pirates, he once said that a pitcher should pay to pitch for the Dodgers, whereas the Pirates' second baseman and shortstop were like goalposts with the ball bouncing between them. After being taken out of a game in the second inning, Roe commented that, "Sometimes you eat the bear and sometimes the bear eats you."
Roe lived in West Plains, Missouri, where for many years he operated a small grocery store and has a street named after him (Preacher Roe Boulevard), which included U.S. 160 north of the US 63 bypass until the city rerouted U.S. 160 and Route 17 circa 2000. U.S. Route 160 still runs as Preacher Roe Boulevard south of U.S. 63.
A community ball field in Salem, Fulton County, Arkansas, 18 miles from Roe's birthplace of Ash Flat, is known as Preacher Roe Park.
The book Carl Erskine's Tales from the Dodgers Dugout: Extra Innings (2004) includes short stories from former Dodger pitcher Carl Erskine. Roe is prominent in many of these stories.
- Goldstein, Richard (November 10, 2008). "Preacher Roe, Brooklyn Dodgers Star Known for His Spitball, Dies at 92". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
- Preacher Roe, Baseball-Reference. Accessed November 11, 2008.
- Jul 12, 1949, All-Star Game Play by Play and Box Score, Baseball-Reference. Accessed November 11, 2008.
- 1949 World Series, Baseball-Reference. Accessed November 11, 2008.
- Sipple, George (June 18, 2013). "Detroit 5, Baltimore 1: Max Scherzer first Tiger since 1909 to start season 10-0". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- 1954 National League Expanded Leaderboards, Baseball-Reference. Accessed November 11, 2008.
- Young, Dick (July 4, 1955). "The Outlawed Spitball Was My Money Pitch". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Schudel, Matt (November 12, 2008). "Southpaw Preacher Roe; One of 'Boys of Summer'". Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
- Preacher Roe at Find a Grave
- Preacher Roe at Baseball Mogul
- AP Obit in the LA Times
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