President of Uruguay

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President of
the Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
Coat of arms of Uruguay
Pepemujica2.jpg
Incumbent
José Mujica

since March 1, 2010
Residence Residencia de Suarez
Appointer Popular election
Term length Five years, not renewable immediately
Inaugural holder Fructuoso Rivera
Formation November 6, 1830
Website presidencia.gub.uy
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Uruguay
Foreign relations

The President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Spanish: Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay) is the head of state of Uruguay. His or her rights are determined in the Constitution of Uruguay. Conforms with the Secretariat of the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the Director of the Office of Planning and Budget, the executive branch. In case of absence, his office is exercised by the Vice President. In turn, the President of the Republic is the Commander in Chief of the Armed forces.

According to the current Constitution, the President and Vice President are elected by direct popular election. The President has a term of five years without immediate reelection until after the same period after the cessation of office. They are elected on a single candidate submitted by the party. In case no candidate obtains an absolute majority of votes (50.1%), a runoff is held between the two first majorities. In this case, the candidate who obtains the majority, wins the election.

According to Article 168 of the Constitution, the President, acting with the respective minister or ministers, or the Council of Ministers, includes, is assigned:

  1. The preservation of order and tranquility within and security without.
  2. The command of all armed forces.
  3. The promulgation of all laws, issuing special regulations necessary for its implementation.
  4. The delivery, to the General Assembly of Uruguay at the opening of regular sessions, the state of the Republic address.
  5. The right to veto laws it dislikes.
  6. The right to propose bills or amendments to laws previously enacted.
  7. The dismissal of public employees for misfeasance, malfeasance or nonfeasance.
  8. Management of diplomatic relations and, with consent of the legislature, the right to declare war.
  9. The right to declare a state of emergency when needed.
  10. The preparation of the state budget.
  11. Negotiation of treaties with the ratification of the legislature.

Since 1990, the President's term has begun and ended on March 1. The current President is José Mujica.

Latest election

e • d 2009 Uruguayan presidential election results
Candidates (Parties) First round Runoff Result
Votes % Votes %
José Mujica (Broad Front) 1,105,262 47.96 1,197,638 52.39 President
Luis Alberto Lacalle (National Party) 669,942 29.07 994,510 43.51  
Pedro Bordaberry (Colorado Party) 392,307 17.02  
Pablo Mieres (Independent Party) 57,360 2.49
Raúl Rodríguez (Popular Assembly) 15,428 0.67
Ballots with YES sheets only (no presidential vote cast) 14,410 0.63
Blank votes 22,828 0.99 53,100 2.32
Total null ballots 26,950 1.17 40,103 1.75
Null provisional ballots 199 0.01 607 0.02
Total votes cast 2,304,686 100.00 2,285,958 100.00
Registered voters 2,563,250 89.91% turnout 2,563,285 89.18% turnout
Source: Corte Electoral (first round), El Dictamen (runoff)

See also

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