President of the United Nations General Assembly
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|President of the
United Nations General Assembly
Emblem of the United Nations
|Appointer||United Nations General Assembly|
|Term length||1 year|
|Inaugural holder||Paul-Henri Spaak|
|Website||List of Presidents of the UN General Assembly|
The President of the United Nations General Assembly is a position voted for by representatives in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on a yearly basis. The President presides over the sessions of the General Assembly. The current officeholder is John William Ashe of Antigua and Barbuda.1
The session of the assembly is scheduled for every year starting in September - any special, or emergency special, assemblies over the next year will be headed by the president of UNGA.
Because of their powerful stature globally, some of the largest, most powerful countries have never held the presidency, such as the People's Republic of China, France, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. In particular, it is customary that a national of a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council never serves as General Assembly president.
The only country that had a national elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly twice is Argentina; all the other member states had been represented only once by their nationals holding this office. This does not include special and emergency special sessions of the General Assembly.
Clear and appropriate criteria have been proposed prior to the consideration of candidacies and to establish of an "elections committee" or, alternatively, a search committee.3 Criteria include:
- Availability to devote full-time attention for many months;
- Political independence;
- Multilateral leadership experience, including negotiation and consensus-building skills and the ability to deal with multiple powerful stakeholders; and
- A thorough understanding of the United Nations Charter.
Other propositions includes presidential voting by citizens of all over the world to elect the UNGA president.
- COS - Commonwealth Seat
- EAS - Eastern European and Asian Seat
- LAS - Latin American Seat
- MES - Middle Eastern Seat
- WES - Western European Seat
- Africa - African Group
- Asia - Asian Group, since 2011 the Asia-Pacific Group6
- EEG - Eastern European Group
- GRULAC - Latin American and Caribbean Group
- WEOG - Western European and Others Group
- "General Assembly faces 'pivotal' year as it seeks to define development agenda for post-2015 era, new president says at opening of sixty-eighth session". United Nations Department of Public Information, News and Media Division, New York. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
- "UN: About the General Assembly". Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- "Proposed elections committee". Retrieved 2009-09-16.
- Presidents of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Un.org. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
- United Nations document GA/11105
- "Asian group of nations at UN changes its name to Asia-Pacific group", Radio New Zealand International, 31 August 2011.
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- UN: List of UN General Assembly presidents
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