Minister President of Prussia

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Minister President of Prussia
Former political post
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Mittleres).jpg
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia
Otto Fürst von Bismarck.JPG
Otto von Bismarck, the most famous and longest serving officeholder
Successor No immediate successor
Appointer King of Prussia:
(1702-1918)
Landtag of Prussia:
(1918-1933)
Office began 1702
Office ended 1933

The office of Minister President (German: Ministerpräsident), or Prime Minister, of Prussia existed in one form or another from 1702 until the dissolution of Prussia in 1947.

When Prussia was an independent kingdom (since 1701), the Minister President functioned as the King's chief minister and presided over the Prussian Landtag (the Prussian legislature established in 1848). After the unification of Germany in 1871 and until the collapse in 1918, the office of the Prussian Minister President was usually held jointly by the Imperial Chancellor, beginning with the tenure of Otto von Bismarck.

Under the Weimar Republic the Minister President was the head of the state government in a more traditional parliamentary role. The office ceased to have any real meaning except as a kind of political patronage title after the Nazi dismantlement of Prussia as a state in 1935, and disappeared along with Prussia itself after World War II.

Chief Ministers of the Kingdom of Prussia (1702–1848)

Preußischer Adler (1871-1914).svg
This article is part of the series
Politics of Prussia
Minister President of Prussia
German General Staff
Prussian Minister of War
Foreign Minister of Prussia
Interior Minister of Prussia

Minister-Presidents of the Kingdom of Prussia (1848–1918)

Name Picture Period of office Notes
Count Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg AHArnimB.jpg 19 March 1848 –
29 March 1848
Gottfried Ludolf Camphausen Camphausen.jpeg 29 March 1848 –
20 June 1848
Rudolf Ludwig Cäsar von Auerswald Rudolf von Auerswald Haase BNF Gallica.jpg 25 June 1848 –
8 September 1848
Ernst von Pfuel ErnstvonPfuelGemälde.jpg 21 September 1848 –
1 November 1848
Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg FWvBrandenburg.jpg 2 November 1848 –
6 November 1850
Baron Otto Theodor von Manteuffel Manteuffel, Otto Theodor von (1805-1882).jpg 9 December 1850 –
6 November 1858
Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Karl Anton von Hohenzollern.jpg 6 November 1858 –
12 March 1862
Prince Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen 17 March 1862 –
23 September 1862
Prince Otto von Bismarck Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R68588, Otto von Bismarck.jpg 23 September 1862 –
22 December 1873
1st term
From 1871 onwards, also served as Imperial Chancellor
Count Albrecht von Roon Albrecht Graf von Roon by Gustav Gräf.jpg 1 January 1873 –
9 November 1873
Did not serve as Imperial Chancellor
Prince Otto von Bismarck Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R68588, Otto von Bismarck.jpg 9 November 1873 –
20 March 1890
2nd term
Count Leo von Caprivi Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R09316, Leo Graf von Caprivi.jpg 20 March 1890 –
22 March 1892
Count Botho zu Eulenburg Botho Wendt zu Eulenburg.jpg 22 March 1892 –
26 October 1894
Did not serve as Imperial Chancellor
Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst.png 29 October 1894 –
17 October 1900
Count Bernhard von Bülow Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2004-0098, Bernhard Fürst von Bülow.jpg 17 October 1900 –
13 July 1909
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg.jpg 14 July 1909 –
13 July 1917
Georg Michaelis Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2004-0720-500, Georg Michaelis.jpg 14 July 1917 –
31 October 1917
He was the first non-noble to hold the office.
Count Georg von Hertling Hertling.jpg 1 November 1917 –
30 September 1918
Prince Maximilian of Baden Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R04103, Prinz Max von Baden.jpg 3 October 1918 –
9 November 1918

Minister-Presidents of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1935)

Name Picture Period of office Party
Minister-Presidents of the Free State of Prussia in the Weimar Republic
Friedrich Ebert Friedrich Ebert.jpg 9 November 1918 –
11 November 1918
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Paul Hirsch 11 November 1918 –
27 March 1920
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Otto Braun Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10131, Otto Braun.jpg 27 March 1920 –
21 April 1921
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Adam Stegerwald Adam Stegerwald JS2.jpg 21 April 1921 –
5 November 1921
Centre Party
Otto Braun Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10131, Otto Braun.jpg 5 November 1921 –
18 February 1925
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Wilhelm Marx Reichskanzler Wilhelm Marx.jpg 18 February 1925 –
6 April 1925
Centre Party
Otto Braun Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10131, Otto Braun.jpg 6 April 1925 –
20 July 1932
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Franz von Papen Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S00017, Franz von Papen crop.jpg Reichskommisar
20 July –
3 December 1932
None
Kurt von Schleicher Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0527-0001-020, Kurt von Schleicher.jpg Reichskommisar
3 December 1932 –
28 January 1933
None
Minister-Presidents of the Free State of Prussia in the Third Reich
Franz von Papen Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S00017, Franz von Papen crop.jpg 30 January –
10 April 1933
None
Hermann Göring Bundesarchiv Bild 102-13805, Hermann Göring.jpg Ministerpräsident
10 April 1933 –
24 April 1945
Reichsstatthalter
30 January 1935 -
24 April 1945
National Socialist German Workers' Party
Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S33882, Adolf Hitler retouched.jpg Reichsstatthalter
30 January 1933 –
30 January 1935
National Socialist German Workers' Party

See also








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