It was located in what is now central and southern Poland - the upper Oder to the Vistula basin, later spreading to parts of eastern Slovakia and Subcarpathia ranging between the Oder and the middle and upper Vistula Rivers and extending south towards the middle Danube into the headwaters of the Dniester and Tisza Rivers. It takes its name from the village near the town Przeworsk where the first artifacts were found. Assigns the Goths to the Przeworsk culture inland, but this culture was Vandalic with the Celtic culture in southern Poland was also influenced by the local Przeworsk culture2.
Scholars view the Przeworsk culture as an amalgam of a series of localized cultures. Continuity with the preceding Pomeranian culture is observed, albeit modified by significant influences from the La Tene and Jastorf cultures.
The Przeworsk culture is sometimes associated with the Vandals named by ancient geographers, as well as other Eastern Germaic peoples.3 The Vandals are thought to have migrated out of Scandinavia into the Baltic coast of Poland (likely in the 2nd century B.C., but possibly as early as the 5th century B.C.) and, by around 120 B.C., had settled in Silesia,4 adding to the period of strong Scandinvaian influence on Poland that had lasted since the Bronze age.5 To the east, in what is now northern Ukraine and southern Belarus, was the Zarubintsy culture, to which it is linked as a larger archaeological complex. Much of this area was subsequently absorbed by the Wielbark culture.6
The main feature of the Przeworsk culture are burials. These are mostly cremations, with occasional inhumation. Warrior burials are notable, which often include horsegear and spurs. Some burials are exceptionally rich, overshadowing the graves of Germanic groups further west, especially after 400 AD.7 Pottery and metalwork are often rich and show a great variety 8
The culture's decline in the late 4th century coincides with the invasion of the Huns and the subsequent westward movement of Germanic groups.9; þonne Hræda here heardum sweordum ymb Wistlawudu wergan sceoldon ealdne eþelstol ætlan leodum - where, with hardened swords, the Gothic host, by Vistula's woods stood sworn to keep, their ancient seat from Attila's stock, see Widsith.
Other factors may include the social crisis that occurred as a result of the collapse of the Roman world and the trade contacts it maintained with peoples beyond its borders.10 In the late 5th century, the Prague-Korchak culture appears in the Vistula basin.
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- Polish pronunciation: [ˈpʂɛvɔrsk]
- Nora Berend, Przemysław Urbańczyk, Przemysław Wiszewski. Central Europe in the High Middle Ages. 2013
- Encyclopedia of European people, "Vandals", p.821
- Kaliff, Anders. 2001. Gothic Connections. Contacts between eastern Scandinavia and the southern Baltic coast 1000 BC – 500 AD.
- Heather (1998, p. 38)
- Vandals, Romans and Berbers. New Perspectives on Late Antique North Africa. A H Merrills. 2004, Ashgate. Page 35
- Todd. Pg 26
- Cunliffe (2003, p. 452)
- The Archaeology of early medieval Poland. A Buzko. Brill 2008. Page 62
- Mallory, James P.; Adams, Douglas Q. (1997), Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Taylor & Francis, ISBN 1-884964-98-2
- Todd, Malcolm, The Early Germans, Blackwell Publishing, ISBN 0-631-19904-7
- Heather, Peter (2006), The Fall of the Roman Empire: A New History of Rome and the Barbarians, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-515954-3
- Cunliffe, Barry; Todd, Malcolm (2001), The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-285441-0