|— Province —|
|• Total||3,376 km2 (1,303 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 1st|
|• Rank||Ranked 6th|
|• Density||2.9/km2 ( 7.5/sq mi)|
Kashatagh Province (also Qashatagh) (Armenian: Քաշաթաղ Kashat'agh) is one of the eight provinces of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic1 and the largest by area (3,376.60 km2). Its population in 2005 was 9,800. Its capital is Berdzor City (Lachin).
The territory on which Kashatag province was subsequently formed was part of the Artsakh province of the Kingdom of Armenia and Syunik. In the Middle Ages, there existed Armenian principality. In the valley of the river Akera was the most famous principality Kashatag.2 The territory remained predominantly Armenian-up to Russian-Persian wars and the South Caucasus invasion of the Ottoman army in the 18th century. Russian forces managed to invade the Caspian provinces of Persia, and in 1723 while simultaneously fighting the Afghans in the east and Turks in the west, Persia was forced to cede the Caspian provinces to the Russian empire. Artsakh Armenian principalities, including Kashatag principality, supported Russia in the war.
Kovsakan is the second largest city in the province of Kashatagh after the city of Berdzor.3 Mher Arakelyan from the ARF Dashnaktsutyun, Razmik Mirzoyan, non-partisan, and Hrach Manucharyan were competing in the mayoral election to be held in June 2008.4
Kashatagh province has the highest birth rate in the entire Caucasus region. The birth rate was measured at 29.3 per 1,000 in 2010. On the other hand, the Russian republic of Chechenya, which had a birth rate of 28.9 per 1,000 in 2011 could manage only the second spot.5
- Birth Rate: 29.3 per 1,000
- Death Rate: 3.4 per 1,000
- Natural Growth: 2.60% per year
- 2005 NKR Census
- V in 1609 the Shah of Persia Abbas I defended its charter the right of the ruler of the principality melik Haykaza. The Persian documents, decrees, kept in Matenadaran (1601-1650's.), V. II, Er., 1957, pp.89-90.
- Kashatagh: Retaking and rebuilding a "third" Armenia in old Lachin - Armenian Diaspora News Forum
- Karabakh News