Quezon City

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Quezon City
Lungsod Quezon
Highly-Urbanized City
(From top, left to right):Eastwood City, Quezon Memorial Circle, Aerial view of Quezon City, EDSA Shrine, Katipunan Avenue
(From top, left to right):Eastwood City, Quezon Memorial Circle, Aerial view of Quezon City, EDSA Shrine, Katipunan Avenue
Flag of Quezon City
Flag
Official seal of Quezon City
Seal
Nickname(s): City of The Stars, QC, City of New Horizons, Philippine City of Asia
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Quezon City
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Quezon City
Quezon City is located in Philippines
Quezon City
Quezon City
Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Quezon City
Coordinates: 14°38′N 121°2′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033Coordinates: 14°38′N 121°2′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts 1st to 6th districts of Quezon City
Barangays 142
Incorporated (town) October 12, 1939
(as Diliman Estate)
Incorporated (city) October 12, 1939
(By virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 502 as amended by Commonwealth Act No. 659 and Republic Act Nos. 333, 537, and 1575)1
Government
 • Mayor Herbert M. Bautista (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Ma. Josefina Belmonte-Alimurung (Liberal)
 • Representatives
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area
 • Total 166.20 km2 (64.17 sq mi)
Elevation 17.0 m (55.8 ft)
Population (2010)2
 • Total 2,761,720
 • Density 16,617/km2 (43,040/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 1100 to 11283
Area code(s) 2
Website www.quezoncity.gov.ph

Quezon City (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon, popularly known to Filipinos as QC) is one of the cities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines, located on the island of Luzon. It is the most populous city in the country, and the largest city by area in Metro Manila. Quezon City was named after Manuel L. Quezon, former President of the Philippines, who founded the city and developed it to replace Manila as the country's capital for 28 years from 1948 to 1976. Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon province, which was also named after the president.

Having been the national capital, Quezon City is the site of many government offices, including the Batasang Pambansa Complex which is the seat of the House of Representatives (the lower chamber in the Philippine Congress). The main campuses of two noteworthy universities, the Ateneo de Manila University and the country's national university, the University of the Philippines Diliman, are located in the city.

History

Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon.

Before Quezon City was created, it was composed of small individual towns. These were San Francisco del Monte, Novaliches, and Balintawak. On August 23, 1896, the Katipunan led by Andres Bonifacio declared a revolution against Spain in the house of Melchora Aquino in Pugad Lawin (now known as Bahay Toro, Project 8). In the early 20th century, President Manuel L. Quezon dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country to replace Manila. It is believed that his earlier trip to Mexico influenced his vision.

In 1938, President Quezon created People's Homesite Corporation and purchased 15.29 km2 (6 sq mi) from the vast Diliman estate of the Tuason family (This piece of land became known as Bario Obrero "Home of the Middle Workers" before a name change to Quezon City). The National Assembly of the Philippine Commonwealth passed Commonwealth Act 502 known as the Charter of Quezon City originally proposed as Balintawak City, Assemblymen Narciso Ramos (father of President Fidel V. Ramos) and Ramon Mitra, Sr. (father of Speaker Ramon Mitra, Jr.) successfully lobbied the assembly to name the city after the incumbent president. President Quezon allowed the bill to lapse into law without his signature on October 12, 1939, thus establishing Quezon City.

After the war, Republic Act No. 333 which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary was signed by Elpidio Quirino on July 17, 1948 declaring Quezon City to be the republic's capital, and specifying the city's area to be 156.60 km2 (60 sq mi). Baesa, Talipapa, San Bartolome, Pasong Tamo, Novaliches Poblacion, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik which formerly belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan and ceded to Quezon City. This caused the division of Caloocan into two separate parts, the South section being the urbanized part, the North section being sub-rural. On June 16, 1950, the Quezon City Charter was revised by Republic Act No. 537, changing the city's boundaries to an area of 153.59 km2 (59 sq mi).

Exactly six years after on June 16, 1956, more revisions to the city's land area were made by Republic Act No. 1575, which defined its area as 151.06 km2 (58 sq mi). The website of the Quezon City government states that its present area is 161.12 km2 (62 sq mi) On October 1, 1975, Quezon City was the actual site of the "Thrilla in Manila" fight between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier. On November 7, 1975 the promulgation of Presidential Decree No. 824 of President Ferdinand Marcos established Metro Manila.

Quezon City became one of Metro Manila's 17 cities and municipalities. The next year, Presidential Decree No. 940 transferred the capital back to Manila on June 24, 1976. On March 31, 1978, President Ferdinand Marcos ordered the transfer of the remains of President Manuel L. Quezon from Manila North Cemetery to the erected Quezon Memorial Monument within the Quezon Elliptical Road. Manuel L. Quezon Monument and the City Hall. On February 22, 1986, the Quezon City portion of the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue became the venue of the bloodless People Power Revolution. On February 23, 1998, Republic Act. No. 8535 was signed by President Fidel V. Ramos.

The Act provided for the creation of the City of Novaliches comprising the 15 northernmost barangays of Quezon city. However, in the succeeding plebiscite on October 23, 1999, an overwhelming majority of Quezon City residents rejected the secession of Novaliches. Quezon City is the first local government in the Philippines with a computerized real estate assessment and payment system. The city government developed a database system that now contains around 400,000 property units with capability to record payments.

Master plans

In 1938, President Quezon made a decision to push for a new capital city. Manila was getting crowded, and his military advisors (reportedly) told him that Manila, being by the bay, was an easy target for bombardment by naval guns in case of attack, a real possibility in the late 1930s. Military advisers, however, did not anticipate bombing from the air.

Quezon railroaded the idea of a totally new city at least 15 km (9 mi) away from Manila Bay (beyond the reach of naval guns). He contacted William E. Parsons, American architect and planner, who had been the consulting architect for the islands early in the American colonial period. Parsons came over in the summer of 1939 and helped select the Diliman (Tuason) estate as the site for the new city. Unfortunately he passed away later that year. His partner Harry Frost took over. Frost collaborated with Juan Arellano, engineer AD Williams and landscape architect/planner Louis Croft to craft a grand master plan for the new capital, Quezon City.

The plan was approved by the Philippine authorities in 1941. The core of the new city was to be a 400 ha central green, about the size of New York's Central Park, and defined by North, South (Timog), East and West Avenues. On one corner of the proposed Diliman Quadrangle was delineated a 25-hectare elliptical site. This was to contain a large capitol building to house the Philippine Legislature and ancillary structures for the offices of representatives.

On either side of the giant ellipse were supposed to have been built the new Malacañan Palace, on the North Avenue (present day Veterans Memorial Hospital), and the Supreme Court Complex, on the East Avenue (present day East Avenue Medical Center). The three branches of government would finally and efficiently be located close to one another.

Geography

Aerial view of Quezon City with Welcome Rotonda in the foreground

The city lies on the Guadalupe plateau which is a relatively high plateau on the northeast corner of the metropolis – between the lowlands of Manila to the southwest and the Marikina River valley to the east. The southern portion is drained by the very narrow San Juan River and its tributaries to Pasig River, while running in the northern portions of the city is the equally narrow Tullahan River.

Quezon City is bordered by Manila to the southwest, by Caloocan and Valenzuela City to the west and northwest. To the south lies San Juan and Mandaluyong, while Marikina and Pasig borders Quezon City to the southeast. To the north across Marilao River lies San Jose del Monte in the province of Bulacan and to the east lies Rodriguez and San Mateo, both in the province of Rizal.

The city can be divided into a number of areas. The southern portion of the city is divided into a number of places including Diliman, Commonwealth, the Project areas, Cubao, Kamias, Kamuning, New Manila, San Francisco del Monte, and Santa Mesa Heights. The northern half of the city is often called Novaliches and contains the areas of Fairview and Lagro. Most of these areas have no defined boundaries and are primarily residential in nature.

Climate

Quezon City features a tropical monsoon climate, with warm weather and dry and wet seasons.

Climate data for Quezon City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(87)
32
(89)
34
(93)
34
(93)
31
(87)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30.8
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(65)
19
(66)
21
(69)
22
(71)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(71)
21
(69)
20
(68)
21.5
(70.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
8
(0.3)
5
(0.2)
23
(0.9)
150
(6)
360
(14)
503
(19.8)
516
(20.3)
373
(14.7)
224
(8.8)
163
(6.4)
69
(2.7)
2,412
(94.8)
Source: Weatherbase4

Economy

High-rise buildings in the Eastwood City, a major development in Quezon City

The commercial center of the city is in Cubao where many shopping malls and the Aurora Tower can be found. There is a farmers' plaza and farmers' market. Fiesta Carnival was an enclosed amusement park cum carnival which is located in the heart of the Cubao Commercial Center, it has since been replaced by a branch of Shopwise, a local supermarket chain. the Smart Araneta Coliseum is a venue for concerts as well as sports events.

Quezon City is home to the Philippines' major broadcasting networks. Television companies such as ABS-CBN, RPN, GMA Network, INC TV, UNTV, Net 25, PTV, and IBC all have their headquarters in Quezon City. TV5 also had its headquarters in Quezon City since 1992, but it moved out to Mandaluyong City in 2013. However, its transmitter in Novaliches is still being used and operated by the network.citation needed

Tomas Morato and Timog Avenues are the heart of a restaurant and entertainment row with a wide array of prices, cultures, and flavors while Banawe Avenue is dubbed as the Autoparts Capital of the Philippines5 and home to clusters of authentic Chinese restaurants aside from Binondo. The tallest building in the city is a 40 storey Eastwood Parkview located in Eastwood City.citation needed

Communications

Quezon City's communication system is powered by the PLDT, Globe Telecom, BayanTel, and others. Cellular networking in the Philippines, particularly the metropolitan areas, is increasing rapidly together with the low cost of calls and text messaging. Such big companies that control the cellular networks in the Philippines and Quezon City itself are Globe Telecom, Smart Communications (PLDT) and Sun Cellular from Digitel.

Education

The city has several major educational institutions. Two of the most well-known are the University of the Philippines Diliman and the Ateneo de Manila University. Also in Quezon City are medical schools such as the Our Lady of Fátima University, Far Eastern University – Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation, Capitol Medical Center Colleges, and the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center. The Technological Institute of the Philippines, one of the top engineering schools in the Philippines, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Quezon City. The city government operates the Quezon City Polytechnic University, which has campuses in Novaliches, Batasan Hills, and Barangay Sto. Cristo. Business and management schools include Entrepreneurs School of Asia located in Libis, Philippine School of Business Administration (PSBA), Far Eastern University - Nicanor Reyes Educational Foundation - Diliman ( FEU - FERN Diliman) and National College of Business and Arts (NCBA). Popular women's colleges such as St. Theresa's College of Quezon City, St. Pedro Poveda College, and Miriam College are also found in the city. Sectarian schools such as the Catholic Siena College of Quezon City, [School of the Holy Spirit of Quezon City]], St. Paul University of Quezon City, St. Mary's College of Quezon City, St. Joseph's College of Quezon City, Colegio de San Lorenzo, Angelicum College, Shepherd's Grace School, the Episcopal Trinity University of Asia, and the Iglesia ni Cristo–affiliated New Era University are also found in the city. Other schools include Kalayaan College, the Central Colleges of the Philippines, Philippine Rehabilitation Institute, the main branch of the AMA Computer University, and numerous campuses of information technology schools such as Asia School of Arts & Sciences (ASAS), Informatics International College, and STI College.

Notable secondary public schools include Philippine Science High School Main Campus, Quezon City Science High School, Commonwealth High School, Ernesto Rondon High School, Don Alejandro Roces Sr. Science-Technology High School, Batasan Hills National High School, and the University of the Philippines Integrated School. Quezon City also holds the largest number of private elementary and secondary schools in Metro Manila, such as St. James College of Quezon City, Angelicum College, Claret School of Quezon City, Sacred Heart Academy (with branches in Pasig, La Loma and Novaliches), Diliman Preparatory School, School of the Holy Spirit, School of Saint Anthony, Quezon City, Jose Abad Santos Memorial School, Mater Carmeli School, Grace Christian High School, Quezon City Christian Academy, Lourdes School of Quezon City, Our Lady of Fátima University, Falcon School (Quezon City), Marian School of Quezon City, Divine Grace School, Holy Family School of Quezon City, Ste. Anne de Beaupre School, St. Bridget School, Quezon City Academy. The diocesan schools are the Immaculate Concepcion Cathedral School (Diocese of Cubao) and Good Shepherd Cathedral School (Diocese of Novaliches). Many Catholic parishes also operate parochial schools of their own as well.

Transportation

Railways

Two elevated light rail systems and one heavy rail system run through Quezon City: LRT 1 – at EDSA (C-4) connecting North Avenue and Baclaran (Manila) MRT 2 – at Aurora Boulevard (R-6) connecting Santolan (Pasig City) and C.M.Recto Avenue (Manila), and MRT 3 – at EDSA (C-4) from Taft Avenue (R-2 in Pasay City) to North Avenue.

An elevated rail transit system (MRT-4) that was supposed to follow the general alignment of Quezon and Commonwealth Avenues (R-7) was shelved. In its place, a 22 kilometer rail system will be built. The MRT-7 project will commence at North Avenue, connecting the MRT-3 at its northern terminus. It will then go through Commonwealth Avenue, then through Regalado, Quirino Highway, ending in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan. The system has a proposed spur line to connect itself to MRT-2 in Katipunan, passing through the University of the Philippines Diliman and Katipunan Avenue.

A elevated Automated Guideway Transit system is currently under construction in UP Diliman.

The following elevated railway stations in the city (Only 13 Stations):

Katipunan Avenue, a major road in Quezon City.
Commonwealth Avenue, a major thoroughfare in Quezon City.

MRT-3 (with 5 Stations):

MRT-2 (with 5 Stations):

LRT-1 (with 3 Stations)

Public transport

Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles give access to more secluded areas, while taxi cabs are available.

This City has 3 Circumferential Roads. The following are:

  • C-3: Sgt. Emilio Rivera Avenue and Araneta Avenue
  • C-4: Epifanio de los Santos Avenue or EDSA
  • C-5: Mindanao Avenue, Tandang Sora Avenue, Congressional Avenue, Luzon Avenue, Katipunan Avenue and Col. Bonny Serrano Avenue.

For the list of other Quezon City Major Roads, see Major roads in Metro Manila

Demographics

Population census of Quezon
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1939 39,013 —    
1948 107,977 +11.98%
1960 397,990 +11.48%
1970 754,452 +6.60%
1975 956,864 +4.87%
1980 1,165,865 +4.03%
1990 1,669,776 +3.66%
1995 1,989,419 +3.57%
2000 2,173,831 +1.79%
2007 2,679,450 +3.03%
2010 2,761,720 +1.01%

Religion

Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) Central Temple

The majority of the population is Roman Catholic, and in 2002, Quezon City was made an episcopal see for two new Catholic dioceses: Cubao and Novaliches, as the very populous Archdiocese of Manila was carved up and five new dioceses created. A number of religious orders have set up convents and seminaries in the city. Various Protestant faiths have seen a significant increase in membership over recent decades67 and are well represented in Quezon City. While the Islamic faith has its largest concentrations in the south of the Philippines, there is a significant population in Quezon City. The Salam compound in Barangay Culiat houses one of the area's landmark mosques. The Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ) Central Office is located in Quezon City. Also, the Members Church of God International colloquially known as Ang Dating Daan gained thousands of members and had established church locales in all parts of the city.Ang Dating Daan had its National Capital Region Office in Roosevelt, Quezon City. Quezon City alone is one of the biggest church district of Ang Dating Daan in terms of membership.citation needed

The Philippine Independent Church or Aglipayan Church has three (3) parishes located in the city, the Parish of the Crucified Lord in Apolonio Samson, Parish of the Holy Cross in Escale, University of the Philippines Diliman and the Parish of the Resurrection in Balingasa. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have Manila Philippines Temple and the Missionary Training Center located at Temple Drive Greenmeadows Subdivision of the city. The Kingdom of Jesus Christ, The Name Above Every Name of Pastor Apollo C. Quiboloy is located at Novaliches (Central Office), EDSA-Cubao, Muñoz, and Fairview. The biggest concentration of the Jesus Miracle Crusade of Evang. Wilde E. Almeda is also located in the City. The Philippine Branch office of the Jehovah's Witnesses is located on San Francisco del Monte Avenue. The seat of the Presiding Bishop, the Cathedral of Sts. Mary and John of the Episcopal Church, the national offices of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, the National Council of Churches in the Philippines as well as a number of Protestant seminaries are located in the city. The headquarters of the UCKG HelpCenter (Universal Church of the Kingdom of God) is located at the former Quezon Theater building. The headquarters of Bread of Life Ministries International is a Christian megachurch located in its own ministry center on Mother Ignacia Ave. in scout area. The Church So Blessed, also a Christian church, is located in front of GMA Network on Commonwealth Ave.

The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City, former capital of the Philippines (1948–1976). The park is an ellipse bounded by the Elliptical Road. Its main feature is a mausoleum containing the remains of Manuel L. Quezon, the second President of the Philippines, and his wife, First Lady Aurora Quezon.

Government

Session Hall of the Batasang Pambansa Complex.

Like other cities in the Philippines, Quezon City is governed by a mayor and vice mayor elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads the legislative council consisting of 24 members. These councilors represent the six (6) legislative districts of the city. The council is in charge of formulating and enacting city ordinances.

Quezon City, being a part of the Metro Manila region, has its mayor in the Metro Manila Council headed by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA). This council formulates development plans that seeks to solve the problems and improve the conditions in the metropolis.

Quezon City is made up of 142 barangays (the smallest local government units) which handle governance in a much smaller area. These barangays are grouped into the aforementioned legislative districts. Each district, in turn is represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines.

Mayors

President Manuel L. Quezon acted as mayor from October 12 to November 4, 1939, pending the resignation from another position of his intended appointee, Tomas B. Morato. Since a president can, under Philippine law, hold multiple portfolios inferior to the position of president, Quezon took the position of mayor in a concurrent capacity. However, it is erroneous to view him as the first mayor, as a president holding a concurrent position is not listed in the roster of incumbents for those offices.

Sub-divisions/Districts

Political map of Quezon City

Quezon City is divided into six districts, in turn subdivided in a total of 142 barangays. Each district is represented by six City Councilors, six representatives/congressmen, one from each district are elected as members of the National Legislature. The number of barangays per district is: District I, 37; District II, 5; District III, 37; District IV, 38; District V, 14; and District VI, 11; Although District II has the least number of barangays, it is the biggest in land area, including the Novaliches Reservoir.

The La Mesa Ecopark in Novaliches is the last forest of its size in the metropolis, the La Mesa Dam is an earth dam whose reservoir can hold up to 50.5 million cubic meters and occupying an area of 27 square kilometres (10 sq mi), it is also part of the Angat-Ipo-La Mesa water system which supplies most of the water supply of Metro Manila.

Diliman

TriNoma, a shopping mall in the Diliman District

Diliman, located at the center of southern Quezon City, is where many government offices, including City Hall, are located. Diliman is home to several educational institutions such as the University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City Polytechnic University at Sto. Cristo, Claret School of Quezon City, Diliman Preparatory School, FEU–FERN College, School of the Holy Spirit, Philippine Science High School Main Campus, Quezon City Science High School, the regional science high school in NCR, St. Mary's College of Quezon City, Quezon City High School, Don Alejandro Roces Science and Technology High School among others.

At the center of Diliman lies the Quezon Memorial Circle, where the late President Manuel L. Quezon is interred. Around the monument is the two-kilometer Quezon Memorial Circle, also known as the Elliptical Road (R-7/C-5).

The Quezon City Hall, one of the tallest city halls in the country, is located along the Circle. Surrounding the city hall are spacious parks and open areas. The head offices of some national government agencies are located in Diliman.

Near the Circle are many important health centers and institutions. Along East Avenue stand the Philippine Heart Center, the East Avenue Medical Center (EAMC), the National Kidney and Transplant Institute, and the Philippine Mental Health Association. Connecting with East Avenue is Victoriano Luna Avenue where the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Medical Center is located. Along North Avenue is the Veterans Memorial Medical Center (VMMC) and the Philippine Health Association. The Philippine Children's Medical Center and Lung Center of the Philippines are located along Quezon Avenue (R-7).

The headquarters of PTV, IBC, PBS, ABS-CBN Broadcast Center, and GMA Network Center are also located in Diliman.

Most of the rest of the area is residential. Some villages in this portion of Diliman are Teachers Village, U.P. Village, and Sikatuna Village. Those closer to the University of the Philippines campus such as Teachers Village and U.P. Village remain mostly residential although there are two major secondary schools in the area namely Claret School of Quezon City and Holy Family School of Quezon City, and many have converted spare rooms into boarding facilities for out-of-town students attending schools in the area: U.P., Ateneo, and Miriam College. The eastern edge of the Diliman area is roughly bound by Katipunan Avenue which passes in front of Ateneo and Miriam and runs behind the U.P Diliman campus.

Commonwealth Ave.

North of Diliman lies the Commonwealth area, so named because of Commonwealth Avenue (R-7) (formerly called Don Mariano Marcos Avenue) which runs through its center. Barangays in this area include Batasan Hills, Barangay Commonwealth, Holy Spirit and Old Balara. This is primarily a residential area home to many subdivisions (residential associations), among these are Don Antonio Royale, Don Antonio Heights, BF Homes QC, Ferndale Homes, Vista Real, Filinvest 1 and 2, New Capitol Estates and others.The government center in Quezon City was originally planned to be at what is now the present location of the Quezon Memorial Circle,8 but it was then moved further north to where Batasan hills is now. Resultantly, there are important government establishments nearby such as the Commission on Audit of the Philippines, the Sandiganbayan, a special court with a rank equivalent to the Court of Appeals and the Batasang Pambansa Complex, which houses the lower house of the Philippine Congress. Schools within the Commonwealth area include the School of the Holy Spirit, Our Lady of Mercy School, Diliman Preparatory School, The Seed Montessori, Mary the Queen College, Capitol Hills Christian School, and the Asian Institute of Computer Studies.

Tandang Sora

Sigaw sa Pugad Lawin Monument.

This is located between Commonwealth to the east, North Ave to the south, San Francisco del Monte (Frisco) Avenue to the west, and Fairview-Sauyo to the north. It takes its name from the "Grand Old Lady of the Revolution", Melchora Aquino or Tandang Sora, whose remains lie at the Tandang Sora National Shrine on Banlat Road, Barangay Tandang Sora.

The area is primarily residential with Projects 6 and 8 located here, as are other subdivisions, like Town & Country Gardenville, San Pedro Subdivisions, National Power Corporation or NPC Village, National Irrigation Administration or NIA Village, Reymar Subdivision, Philand Subdivision, Villa Corrina, San Miguel Village, Gloria Subdivisions, Jem Subdivisions, Corazonville subdivision, and many more. A large portion of Tandang Sora district is Barangay Bahay Toro, where a historic site of the Philippine Revolution known as Pugad Lawin is located. There are some industrial facilities especially near the Mindanao Avenue area. Culiat, a Muslim compound, is also to be found here, as are the central offices of the Iglesia ni Cristo, New Era University and the studios and transmitter of Net 25 INC TV 49, Radyo Agila, Pinas FM and DZEM of the Eagle Broadcasting Corporation and Christian Era Broadcasting Service . The transmitter of GMA Network and Barangay LS 97.1 is located near Culiat. Many educational centers are also within the area. Also in the area are Congressional Avenue, Visayas Avenue, and Mindanao Avenue (forming part of C-5).

Loyola Heights

Ateneo de Manila University

Loyola Heights, to the southeast of Diliman is Marikina City's gateway to Quezon City. The Aurora Boulevard (R-6) and Katipunan Avenue (C-5) provide easy access, but often experience traffic jams during rush hours. Also located in Loyola Heights is the Katipunan Station of the Manila LRT Purple Line (MRT-2), which runs in an east-west direction, providing rapid access to the cities of Manila, Quezon City, Marikina and Pasig, and San Juan. Passengers can transfer to the Manila LRT Yellow Line at Recto station in Manila, or to the Manila Metro Rail Transit System (Blue Line) at Araneta Center-Cubao station.

The main campus of the Ateneo de Manila University and Miriam College are located in Loyola Heights.

Loyola Heights also has numerous commercial study centers such as The Loyola Heights-Xavierville Kumon Center, Newton Study Center, LHSC, and others which offer after-school tutorial services.

Loyola Heights is an upper middle-class and rich residential area that caters to students of the Ateneo de Manila University, University of the Philippines Diliman, and Miriam College, members of the schools' faculty and staff, and their families. La Vista Subdivision, north of Miriam College, is an upscale gated community where some of the country's top politicians own residences, including former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, as well as many of the country's moneyed elite. Accessed through La Vista is Loyola Grand Villas, another upscale gated community. Across Katipunan, the main thoroughfare of the area, are Varsity Hills and Xavierville, both upper class and upper middle-class subdivisions. Near these areas, and right beside La Vista, are some squatters' settlements, making the Loyola Heights area a place of mixed socio-economic classes.

Cubao

The Smart Araneta Coliseum, one of the biggest indoor domes in the world

Cubao, south of Diliman is an important commercial area. At its heart is the Araneta Center along EDSA (C-4) and Aurora Boulevard (R-6). It is a 35-hectare commercial estate owned and developed by the Araneta family. Department stores and retail centers can also be found here, such as Gateway Mall, Plaza Fair, Rustan's, Shopwise Supercenter, SM Cubao, Ali Mall, and Farmer's Plaza. At the center is Smart Araneta Coliseum, often called the Big Dome. Many musical concerts, ice shows, circus shows, religious crusades, wrestling, cockfighting, and basketball games are held in this 20,000-capacity coliseum. In the outskirts of Araneta Center is the Cubao Expo, an artists' colony and site of weekend flea markets. It is also a home to call centers like APAC, Telus, and Stellar.citation needed

Cubao is also the home of the Cubao Cathedral the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cubao. SM Hypermarket is located just outside the Araneta Center, along EDSA. Nightclubs also abound within the Cubao area, catering to a full range of tastes. There are residential areas ranging from the middle class to the upper class. Araneta Center is also home to the Consulate of the Republic of Colombia.

North from Araneta Center along EDSA (C-4) are numerous bus terminals, which serves buses to most places in Luzon, Visayas or Mindanao. It is also an intersection point for two of city's commuter train lines (the MRT-3 and the MRT-2).citation needed

Bagumbayan

Located at the southeastern corner of Quezon City, Bagumbayan is one of the newly developed commercial areas in Quezon City. The Eastwood City Business Center is situated here. It consists of several office and residential skyscrapers, including many local IT and consumer electronic firms. Numerous bars and restaurants have been put up since 2000 along E. Rodriguez Jr. Avenue (C-5). Many of which are open-air restaurants and coffee shops reminiscent of Paris boulevards, but with a modern architecture. With this, Bagumbayan is fast becoming one of the hippest areas for night entertainment, similar to the Malate and Ermita districts of Manila.

West of Bagumbayan are many high-end gated communities like the Acropolis, Blue Ridge, Greenmeadows, White Plains, Corinthian Hills, and Corinthian Gardens. Further west are Camp Aguinaldo and Camp Crame. Camp Aguinaldo is the general headquarters of the Armed Forces of the Philippines while Camp Crame is the headquarters of the Philippine National Police. Bagumbayan also covers a sliver of Ortigas Center business district at the southeast corner of EDSA and Ortigas Avenue, where Robinsons Galleria, the EDSA Shrine, and Cyberpod Corinthian are located.

Timog/Scout area (also part of Diliman)

Surrounding Timog Avenue (South Avenue) and Tomas Morato Avenue is a popular entertainment area. Located along these two avenues are many fine-dining restaurants and bars. Discothèques, karaoke joints and comedy bars provide patrons with all-night long recreation. It is home to many gay bars such as Chicos, Adonis, and Gigolo, which are popular for their lively night time entertainment.

South Triangle (the area bounded by Quezon Avenue (R-7), Timog Avenue (South Avenue) and EDSA) is the location of main studios of ABS-CBN (including the radio stations DZMM Radyo Patrol 630 and MOR 101.9) and GMA Network (including the radio stations Super Radyo DZBB 594 and Barangay LS 97.1). Most Filipino entertainment shows are produced here, and it is also home to many Filipino celebrities.

The studios and transmitter of ETC are located along Panay Avenue, in Barangay South Triangle.

Several of the streets in the surrounding area were named in honor of the 22 Boy Scouts who died in a plane crash en route to joining the 11th World Scout Jamboree. A memorial stands in the center of a rotunda at the intersection of Timog and Tomas Morato Avenues, which accounts for the Timog area being called as the Scout Area. Near the scouting memorial is the location of the former Ozone disco, site of the worst fire in Philippine history.

Novaliches

Institute of Medicine
SM City Fairview

The Northern district is composed of Novaliches, and is primarily residential. The La Mesa Dam Watershed occupies the eastern portion. The La Mesa Dam supplies much of northern Metro Manila's water supply. Adjacent to the watershed is the La Mesa Watershed and Eco-Park, where one can stroll and unwind at Metro Manila's only forest space. Also located in the park are convention centers, picnic areas, swimming pools, an orchidarium, and a large lagoon for boating activities. It was also the site of the rowing and dragon boat events for the 2005 Southeast Asian Games. Rowing is regularly done here. Also located here are four big malls: SM City Fairview, Robinsons Place Novaliches, SM City Novaliches, and Novaliches Plaza Mall.

Novaliches town proper is the site of STI College Novaliches, just near SM City Novaliches, Maligaya Elementary School and Maligaya High School in Maligaya Park Subdivision, just near SM Fairview, the Metro Manila College (MMC), formerly known as Novaliches Academy (NA), Quezon City Polytechnic University at San Bartolome (The University's Main Campus), and Sto. Niño de Novaliches School. Barangay Fairview is home to the Far Eastern University – Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation, National College of Business and Arts, Our Lady of Fatima University Lagro Campus School of Saint Anthony in Lagro, Mater Carmeli School in Sacred Heart Village, Good Shepherd Cathedral School in Fairview, Divine Grace School in Maligaya Park Subdivision, just near SM Fairview, and Novaliches Cathedral (Cathedral Shrine and Parish of the Good Shepherd), the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Novaliches.

The transmitter of TV5 is located along Quirino Highway, in Barangay San Bartolome. TV5 held headquarters in Novaliches until 2013.citation needed

In 1999, a plebiscite was held among the voters of Quezon City to determine the cityhood of Novaliches. The proposed creation of "Novaliches City" would have resulted in the secession of 15 barangays from Quezon City. At the plebiscite's end, votes that were against the separation heavily outnumbered those that were in favor.

Novaliches is also home to the oldest church of the Diocese of Novaliches and the town itself,the Parish and Shrine of Our Lady of Mercy. Founded in September 24, 1856 by Padre Andres Martin, O.S.A. In September 24, 2056, the Parish will be 200 years.

New Manila

New Manila is located on west central portion of the city. The largely residential district takes its name from Quezon City's neighbour to the southwest, the City of Manila. The area was first settled after the Second World War by affluent families who wished to escape the stress of living in the capital. As a result, many of the houses here stand on lots measuring 500 square meters and above.

The main thoroughfares are Aurora Boulevard, Gilmore Avenue, and Eulogio Rodriguez Sr. Avenue. Aurora Boulevard begins at the Quezon City – Manila border and reaches New Manila upon crossing EDSA. Gilmore crosses Ortigas Avenue, giving it access to Mandaluyong, Pasig, and San Juan. Eulogio Rodriguez Sr. Avenue diverges from Aurora Boulevard a few meters from EDSA.

Aurora Boulevard is the site of Broadway Centrum, where the first GMA Network entertainment shows were shot, now given by GMA to TAPE Inc. for Eat Bulaga! and other shows produced by TAPE Inc. ; at present, Broadway Centrum was also given to TV5 for its TV shows P.O.5, Star Factor, and Face to Face. St. Paul University of Quezon City stands at the corner of Aurora Boulevard and Gilmore Avenue, across a row of shops specializing in computer equipment, and a branch of SYKES Asia. Kalayaan College, meanwhile, stands at the corner of Aurora Boulevard and Mangga Road.

Trinity University of Asia, St. Joseph's College of Quezon City, the Christ the King Mission Seminary, and St. Luke's Medical Center are all located along Eulogio Rodriguez Avenue, as are the Quezon Institute and the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office. Informatics Sta. Mesa, an international computer school that offers higher education programs and short courses is also located along Aurora Blvd near Araneta Avenue. The main office of BusinessWorld, Southeast Asia's first business daily, is along Balete Drive Extension.

Also located near New Manila is Quezon City's "Funeral Home Row", Araneta Avenue. This is attributed to the unusually high concentration of funeral homes in the area. Curiously, also located along Araneta Avenue is Sanctuarium, a multi-storey columbarium and funeral home. Balete Drive, between Aurora Boulevard and Eulogio Rodriguez Sr. Avenue, is also the setting for many urban legends. The cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cubao is located along Lantana Street, near Eulogio Rodriguez Sr. Avenue. The offices and studios of the MOWELFUND is located a few blocks from the cathedral.

Santa Mesa Heights

Santa Mesa Heights is said to be where many middle-class and upper-middle-class families reside. Most of the areas in Santa Mesa Heights are residential. It is also home to the National Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes and The National Shrine of Our Lady of La Naval (Sto. Domingo Church). Angelicum College, Lourdes School of Quezon City, and St. Theresa's College of Quezon City are three prestigious private Catholic schools to be found here. Philippine Rehabilitation Institute and Capitol Medical Center Colleges are also located here. This is also a location of Philippine Orthopedic Center located along Banawe Avenue corner Maria Clara Street. The main thoroughfares of this area are Banawe, D. Tuazon, Mayon, N.S. Amoranto (formerly called Retiro), Del Monte, Sgt. Rivera, and A. Bonifacio Avenue.

San Francisco del Monte

It was founded on February 17, 1590 by San Pedro Bautista. It was meant to be a place for retreat for residents in Intramuros in Manila. The former name of nearby Amoranto Avenue, Retiro or retreat in Spanish, was said to refer to the place as a retreat on top a hill. In reality, however, the name is part of the "Rizalian streets starting from Sampaloc.9 The San Pedro Bautista Church was the first building in the area.

It was an independent town during the Spanish era that had an area of 250 acres (1.0 km2) of land filled with wildlife and trees. It was later absorbed by Quezon City when it was created. Today, it is a heavily populated district. Although it contains many residential areas, there are many industrial facilities here, mostly found along Judge Juan Luna street. The two main intersections of this area are Roosevelt Ave. and Del Monte Ave. Also located here are the Siena College of Quezon City and the PMI Colleges, Quezon City.

When it was first founded, it was around 2.5 square kilometres (1.0 sq mi) in area. It reached out to what is currently Project 7 and 8 and all the way out to Timog Ave area. Currently, it is composed of Barangay San Antonio, Paraiso, Paltok, Masambong, Damayan, and Del Monte. San Francisco del Monte is also referred to as S.F.D.M..

Galas-Santol

The Galas-Santol District of Quezon City is located in its southeast border with the City of Manila. Located in the Galas area is the elementary school named after Manuel L. Quezon's wife, Aurora A. Quezon. Carlos L. Albert High School is named after a former vice mayor of the city. SM City Sta. Mesa lies at the end of the Araneta avenue.

SM City Sta. Mesa, formerly known as SM Centerpoint, is an upscale shopping mall located between the cities of Manila and Quezon City. It is the second of SM Supermall and the seventh SM branch developed and operated by SM Prime Holdings owned by Henry Sy, Sr.. It has a land area of 3 hectares and has a gross floor area of an approximate 133,327 square meters.10 The mall opened to the public on September 28, 1990, and was the second SM Supermall to open after the largest SM Supermall in the Philippines at the time, SM City North EDSA.

The Project Areas

The housing Project areas are among the first residential subdivisions in the city developed by Presidents Quezon, Quirino, and Marcos:

  • Project 1 (Bgy. Roxas or Roxas District)
  • Projects 2 and 3 (composed of all the Barangays named Quirino)
  • Project 4
  • Project 5 (Bgy. E. Rodriguez)
  • Project 6
  • Project 7 (Brgy. Bungad, Veterans Village)
  • Project 8 (Brgys. Bahay Toro, Baesa, and Sangandaan).

La Loma

La Loma is located on the southwest area of Quezon City. It is composed of five barangays along the vicinity of its main streets, N.S. Amoranto Avenue (Retiro) and A. Bonifacio Avenue. The district is famed as the birthplace of many popular Filipino culinary figures and establishments,11 especially devoted to the lechon. The nearby La Loma Cemetery is named after the district.

Twin towns and sister cities

Quezon City has twin town and sister city ties with several local and foreign towns, cities and counties.12

International
Guam Agana, Guam
Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela
Japan Chiba City, Japan
United States Daly City, California, United States
United States Fort Walton Beach, United States
United States Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States
United States Maui, Hawaii, United States
Canada New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada
United States Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
China Shenyang, China
Taiwan Taipei, Taiwan
China Yuci, China

References

  1. ^ Retrieved at Quezon City Official Website: History of Quezon City, July 9, 2009dead link
  2. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: National Capital Region". National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Quezon City ZIP Code", Philippine ZIP Codes Directory 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Quezon City, Philippines". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  5. ^ Quezon City moves to replace Manila as country’s capital | Inquirer News
  6. ^ Central Intelligence Agency. "The World Factbook". Philippines - People and Society. Retrieved 27 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Manila : Republic of the Philippines, National Statistics Office (2010). "The Philippines in figures". WorldCat. 
  8. ^ Quezon City Public Library - Quezonian Newsletter
  9. ^ [1]dead link
  10. ^ "SM City Sta. Mesa". SM Prime Holdings Mall List. SM Prime Holdings. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ "La Loma Lechon, Quezon City. | Philippine Travel Blog - The Travelers Guide to Philippine Destinations". Pinoytravelblog.com. 2006-03-29. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  12. ^ Sister Cities

External links

Preceded by
Manila
Capital of the Philippines
1948–1976
Succeeded by
Manila







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