Río Negro (Argentina)

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Coordinates: 41°01′50″S 62°47′23″W / 41.03056°S 62.78972°W / -41.03056; -62.78972
Negro
Curú Leuvú, Río de los Sauces
River
Vista aérea Viedma - Carmen de Patagones.jpg
Rio Negro near the mouth, between the cities of Viedma, Río Negro and Carmen de Patagones, Buenos Aires
Country Argentina
States Neuquén, Río Negro, Buenos Aires
Region Patagonia
Tributaries
 - left Neuquén River
 - right Limay River
Cities Neuquén, Villa Regina
Primary source Limay River
 - location Nahuel Huapi Lake, Neuquén & Río Negro
 - elevation 770 m (2,526 ft)
 - coordinates 41°03′20″S 71°09′07″W / 41.05556°S 71.15194°W / -41.05556; -71.15194
Secondary source Neuquén River
 - location Near Laguna Fea, Neuquén
 - elevation 2,800 m (9,186 ft)
 - coordinates 36°10′53″S 70°34′16″W / 36.18139°S 70.57111°W / -36.18139; -70.57111
Source confluence
 - location Neuquén, Río Negro & Neuquén
 - elevation 250 m (820 ft)
 - coordinates 38°59′40″S 68°00′07″W / 38.99444°S 68.00194°W / -38.99444; -68.00194
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
 - location El Cóndor, Río Negro & Buenos Aires
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 41°01′50″S 62°47′23″W / 41.03056°S 62.78972°W / -41.03056; -62.78972
Length 550 km (342 mi)
Basin 102,000 km2 (39,382 sq mi)
Discharge for Primera Angostura
 - average 762.5 m3/s (26,927 cu ft/s)
 - max 2,068 m3/s (73,031 cu ft/s)
 - min 181 m3/s (6,392 cu ft/s)
Northern Patagonia, main rivers, and political divisions and main cities.

Black River (Spanish: Río Negro, Spanish pronunciation: [ˈri.o ˈneɣɾo];) is the most important river of the Argentine province of Río Negro.

It originates from the junction of the Limay River and Neuquén River at the border with the Neuquén Province, and flows southeast to the Atlantic Ocean at 41°01′20″S 62°47′25″W / 41.0223°S 62.7903°W / -41.0223; -62.7903, near El Cóndor beach resort some 30 kilometres (19 mi) downstream from Viedma, Río Negro province's capital.

The river allows the Río Negro province to produce 65% of the pears and apples of Argentina. Besides irrigation, the river is also source of hydroelectricity with small dams on its course.

The river served as natural demarcation between "civilisation" and the aboriginal territories during the Conquest of the Desert of late 19th century.

Valleys

Spectacular meander scars, oxbow lakes and abandoned meanders in the broad flood plain of the Río Negro near Colonia Josefa. 2010 photo from ISS

The river is divided into three parts: The Alto Valle (High Valley) near the beginning of the river, Valle Medio (Medium Valley) near Choele Choel, and Valle Inferior (Lower Valley) near its end.

The river crosses the steppe plains of the province through a forest of around 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) in the Alto Valle, and as wide as 20 kilometres (12 mi) towards the Valle Inferior. In the dry plain it is possible to find seashells and pebble.

Alto Valle

The main cities in Alto Valle are: General Roca, Cipolletti, Villa Regina, followed by many others on the National Route #22. Together with San Carlos de Bariloche, this is the most prosperous part of the province. Most pear and apple plantations are at the Alto Valle, but many also at the Valle Medio.

Valle Medio

Next to Choele Choel is the Choele Choel Island, in which are Lamarque, Luis Beltrán and Pomona, all of them on National Route #250.

Besides apple and pear cultivation, tomato is also an important crop, being Lamarque the National Capital of the Tomato. Outside the valley, on the more arid lands around town such as Chimpay and Darwin, some cattle is also raised.

Valle Inferior

Although the term is not as used term as the previous two, Valle Inferior refers to Viedma and all the cities on the province's coast. Fruit is also produced but is not a primary activity. Onion is cultivated as well as some cereals. Alfalfa and maize is cultivated both for human consumption and for feeding cattle, which is the most important activity.

Name

In spite of its name of Negro ("black") the colour is more greenish than black. Nevertheless, the name is the literal translation of its aboriginal Mapuche name of Curú Leuvú. The river was also known by the name of Río de los Sauces ("River of Willows") for the abundant weeping willows along his lower course.

Regatta

The Regata del Río Negro (Black River Regatta), run in this river, is the longest kayak boat-race in the world with its 653 kilometres (406 mi). The competition is divided in 6 stages and last 8 days (2 days for rest).

The categories are

  • K1 men Senior
  • K2 men Senior
  • K2 men Junior (17 to 20 years)
  • K2 women Senior
  • K1 men Maxi (older than 36)
  • K2 men Maxi
  • Touring (open, non professional recreative category)

References

External links








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