Radviliškis

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Radviliškis
City
Skyline of Radviliškis
Flag of Radviliškis
Flag
Coat of arms of Radviliškis
Coat of arms
Radviliškis is located in Lithuania
Radviliškis
Radviliškis
Location of Radviliškis
Coordinates: 55°48′N 23°33′E / 55.800°N 23.550°E / 55.800; 23.550Coordinates: 55°48′N 23°33′E / 55.800°N 23.550°E / 55.800; 23.550
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Aukštaitija
County Šiauliai County
Municipality Radviliškis district municipality
Eldership Radviliškis town eldership
Capital of Radviliškis district municipality
Radviliškis town eldership
Radviliškis eldership
First mentioned 1529
Granted city rights 1923
Population (2001)
 • Total 20,339
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.radviliskis.lt

Radviliškis (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in the Radviliškis district municipality, Šiauliai County, Lithuania. Radviliškis has been the administrative center of the district since 1950, and is an important railway junction.

History

Radviliškis was founded at the end of the 15th century. It was first mentioned in the book on state economics by M. Downar-Zapolsky listing the cities taxpayers in 1567. In 1687, Jan Sobieski, the king of Lithuania and Poland, granted the right of holding a market to it.

Radviliškis was devastated many times by military forces, plaque and hunger in the 17th – 19th centuries. There were no citizens left in Radviliškis after the plague in 1708–1710.

Radviliškis railway station

Town growth began when the Liepāja–Romny Railway line, crossing the town, was built in 1870 and Radviliškis–Daugavpils line was built in 1873. Railwaymen constituted the majority of the residents.

In 1999, a sculpture of the Victory goddess Nike was unveiled in the center of Radviliškis to commemorate the eightieth anniversary of the victory over the united GermanRussian West Russian Volunteer Army. It was created by sculptor P. Mazuras.

Name and coat of arms

Supposedly, the name originated from the name of the noble Radziwiłł (Radvila) family. This family ruled Radviliškis for more than 200 years, from 1546 to 1764.

A rising and light-emitting horse, representing communication, motion, city development and flourishing, is depicted in the coat of arms of Radviliškis. The light is a symbol of civilization's role in the city development. It was created by artist Laima Ramonienė in 1992.

Attractions

Radviliškis, settled on everglades, was famous for its railway and black-from-locomotive-smoke sparrows.

The three symbols of the town are the railways, club rush, and black sparrows.

There are Evangelical-reformed, Protestant, Lutheran, and Orthodox chapels, Jewish synagogues and Catholic Churches in Radviliškis.

The stone windmill of Radviliškis was erected in remembrance of the violent and triumphant battles in 1919 against the German–Russian armed forces.

The wooden belfry of Radviliškis parish's Blessed Virgin Mary church of the Immaculate Conception is a topical architecture monument. It was set in 1878. The belfry burned twice. It was reconstructed in 1984.

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