Rajkot

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Rajkot
રાજકોટ
Rangilu Rajkot
Rani Lakshmibai Circle and Under Bridge
Rani Lakshmibai Circle and Under Bridge
Rajkot is located in Gujarat
Rajkot
Coordinates: 22°18′00″N 70°47′00″E / 22.3000°N 70.7833°E / 22.3000; 70.7833Coordinates: 22°18′00″N 70°47′00″E / 22.3000°N 70.7833°E / 22.3000; 70.7833
Country India
State Gujarat
Region Saurashtra (region)
District Rajkot
Zone 3 (Central, East & West)1
Ward 2312
Rajkot Municipal Corporation 1973
Government
 • Body (RMC)
 • Mayor Raxaben Bodiya
Area1
 • Total 170.00 km2 (65.64 sq mi)
Elevation 128 m (420 ft)
Population (2012)3
 • Total 1.28 million
 • Rank 27
 • Density 12,735/km2 (32,980/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 360 0XX
Telephone code 0281
Vehicle registration GJ-3 4
Literacy 82.20 (2011)%5
Planning agency (RUDA)
Climate Semi-Arid (Köppen)
Precipitation 590 millimetres (23 in)
Avg. annual temperature 26 °C (79 °F)
Website www.rmc.gov.in

Rajkot (Gujarati: રાજકોટ Rājkot Listen) is the fourth67 largest city in the state of Gujarat, India, after Ahmedabad, Surat, and Vadodara. Rajkot is the 35th-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population more than 1.28 million as of 2012.8 Rajkot is also the 22nd-fastest-growing city in the world.9 The city contains the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, 245 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, and is located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari Rivers. Rajkot was the capital of the Saurashtra State from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956, before its merger to Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was reincorporated into Gujarat State from May 1, 1960.

Geography

Rajkot is located at 22°18′N 70°47′E / 22.3°N 70.78°E / 22.3; 70.78.10 It has an average elevation of 128 metres (420 ft). The city is located on the bank of Aji River and Nyari River which remains dry except the monsoon months of July to September. The city is spread in the area of 170.00 km².11 Rajkot is situated in the region called Saurashtra in the Gujarat state of India. The significance of Rajkot location is owing to the fact that it is one of the prime industrial centers of Gujarat. Rajkot has a central location in the area called the Kathiawar peninsula. The city is located within the Rajkot district in Gujarat. Rajkot city is the administrative headquarters of the district of Rajkot. The district is surrounded by Bhavnagar and Surendranagar in the east, Junagadh and Amreli in the south, Kutch in the north and Jamnagar in the west.

Climate

Rajkot has a semi-arid climate, with hot, dry summers from mid-March to mid-June and the wet monsoon season from mid-June to October, when the city receives 590 mm of rain on average. The months from November to February are mild, the average temperature being around 20 °C, with low humidity.

One of the most important weather phenomena, that is associated with the city of Rajkot is 'cyclone'. The cyclones generally occur in the Arabian Sea during the months after the rainy season. The region experiences a lot of rainfall and high-speed winds during the time of the yearcitation needed after the monsoon season as well as the months of May and June. However, June experiences lesser amount of rainfall and winds than the post-monsoon time. Thunderstorms are another important part of the Rajkot weather in the months of June and July. During summer time, the temperature ranges between 24 °C and 42 °C. In the months of winter, Rajkot temperature varies between 10 °C and 22 °C but on a whole winters are pleasant.12

Climate data for Rajkot
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36
(97)
39
(102)
43
(109)
44
(111)
47
(117)
45
(113)
42
(108)
38
(100)
40
(104)
41
(106)
40
(104)
37
(99)
47
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
35
(95)
38
(100)
40
(104)
37
(99)
32
(90)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
32
(90)
29
(84)
33.3
(92)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
12
(54)
16
(61)
21
(70)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
22
(72)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
18.8
(65.8)
Record low °C (°F) −0.55
(31.01)
1
(34)
6
(43)
10
(50)
16
(61)
20
(68)
18
(64)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
7
(45)
2
(36)
−0.55
(31.01)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
100
(3.94)
270
(10.63)
120
(4.72)
80
(3.15)
10
(0.39)
0
(0)
0
(0)
590
(23.22)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.2 6.5 13.4 7.8 5.2 1.3 0.6 0.3 37.2
 % humidity 42 40 43 44 50 66 79 82 77 57 47 45 56
Source: Weatherbase13

Demographics

As of the 2011 India census, Rajkot recorded a total population of 1,286,995. Rajkot city has an average literacy rate of 82.20%, higher than the national average.14 Male are 525,880 and females are 477,134 in percent males are 52.43% and females are 47.57% A clear majority of the people here are Hindus 97%.and Muslim population is more than two percent. In Muslim population 2% is Sunni Muslim.citation needed

Religions in Rajkot
Hinduism
  
82%
Islam
  
12%
Christianity
  
0.7%
Jainism
  
4.4%
Others♦
  
0.9%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%).
Population growth through the years
Year Population
1891
29,200
1941
66,400
1951
132,100
1961
193,500
1968
270,800
1971
302,000
1981
444,200
1991
654,500
2001
1,003,015
2011
1,390,640
2013
1,560,000

Source:15

Source:16

Population Growth of Rajkot 
Census Pop.
1891 29,200
1941 66,400
1951 132,100 98.9%
1961 193,500 46.5%
1971 302,000 56.1%
1981 444,200 47.1%
1991 654,500 47.3%
2001 1,003,015 53.2%
2011 1,390,640 38.6%
source:15

Culture

The people in Rajkot are predominantly vegetarians and are vehemently against any form of hunting. The women in Rajkot are very fond of jewelery. Large chains, pendants and other heavy gold jewelry are a common sight during marriages, festivals and family functions. The attire changes with the season and approaching festivals. The ladies normally wear the Gujarati flavor of the Sari and men can be seen in flowing Kurtas and in the formal wears (shirts and trousers).

Rajkot is multicultural. One can find many languages, like Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, English, Sindhi, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam and Marathi. However, only Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, and English are well understood. Rajkot is the part of Kathiyawad. Because of this people of Rajkot are also known as Kathiyawadi.

Rajkot is frequently referred to as "Rangilu Rajkot" (રંગીલુ રાજકોટ) meaning colorful Rajkot. .. Shopkeepers mostly close their business between 1.30 pm to 4.30 pm.

Landmarks

Rajkot has many historical landmarks and places to visit. The Jubilee Garden is a large, open park in the center of the city featuring many monuments from colonial times. Located prominently in the center of the garden is the Connaught Hall. Other notable points of interest near the garden include the historic Mohandas Gandhi High School, Kaba Gandhi No Delo (Mohandas Gandhi's childhood residence), Rashtriya Shala, Watson Museum, Lang Library and Rotary Midtown Library.

Mohandas Gandhi High School
This is the house where Gandhiji's father, Karamchand Uttanchand Gandhi (Kaba Gandhi) resided at Rajkot, serving as Diwan (Prime Minister) to the King. Gandhiji himself spent a few years of his early life here from 1881 to 1887. This is a typical Saurashtra 'dela' type house with a central approach from an arched gateway. It was built on 1880-81 A.D. and today it depicts an interesting photo essay of his life.
Ramkrishna Ashram
Young Mohandas Gandhi (right) and his school friend Sheikh Mehtab (left) in Rajkot.

The Rotary Dolls Museum has a collection of more than 1,400 dolls from all over the world.17

The Lang Library and the G.T. Sheth Library collect thousands of documents and books covering every period in Rajkot and Saurashtra (region) history. Rajkot has many other public libraries with many branches throughout the city. It includes Rotary Midtown of Rajkot City Library and many more.

Other points of interest in Rajkot include Gebanshah Pir Dargah, Hashanshah Pir Dargah, Turkibapu's Dargah, Swaminarayan Gurukul, Masonic Hall, Jam Tower, Race Course, Aji Dam, Ramakrishna Aashram, Shri Ranchhoddas Ashram, Swaminarayan Temple,

Watson Museum And Library: The Watson Museum today has a collection of human history and culture. Its collection has precious objects of colonial period of India and History of Rajkot. Located in the pleasant Jubilee Garden, the museum is a good introduction to Saurashtra's cultural heritage. Rajkot Memon Boarding is headquarters of Muslim activities before 1947. Saurashtra Muslim league held many Muslim convention at Rajkot Memon boarding ground.

Awards

Best LAW and Order city - 201318

Performing Arts

Rajkot is a major regional center for the arts, with many venues for the performing arts in the city. Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha,19 one of the first non-profit regional theaters, is rich with history and dedicated to the Gujarati Play.

Music

Rajkot has its own native music genre, called Dayro,20 which is used to convey folk stories and sayings. Rajkot also inherited Kathiyawadi folk music.The city also has various orchestra groups, which perform professionally. They mainly perform the music albums from Bollywood.

Sports

Cricket is the most famous sport in the city. One-day internationals, domestic tournaments such as the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy and many inter-school and collegiate tournaments are played at the Madhavrao Sindhia Cricket Ground. The newly constructed 2nd International Cricket Stadium situated in Rajkot, Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, formerly known as Khandheri Cricket Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Khandheri, about 15 kilometers outside Rajkot, India. The Stadium has a capacity of 28,000 to 32,000 spectators. In this cricket stadium Day/Night matches can now also be played. The stadium hosted its 1st International Cricket Match played on 11 January 2013 between India and England.21unreliable source? The stadium will part of a larger sports complex that will include venues for other sports such as badminton, basketball, and volleyball. It will host Saurashtra Cricket Association matches along with Madhavrao Sindhia Cricket Ground. Rajkot has produced cricketers such as K S Ranjitsinhji, Karsan Ghavri and Cheteshwar Pujara who have been members of the Indian cricket team. Rajkot has many other cricket grounds around city, including Railway Cricket Ground and Rajkumar College South Ground. Apart from cricket, other sports such as hockey, football, volleyball, badminton, tennis, table-tennis, chess, swimming and squash are rapidly growing popular in the city.citation needed There has been a significant increase in recent years in the number of private sports clubs, gymkhanas and gymnasiums. Kathiawar gymkhana, indoor stadium and swimming pools of Rajkot Municipal Corporation are major sports clubs in city. Recently, the Gujarat Hockey Team (Under 14) was assembled with all 16 players coming from Rajkot.A new modernized cricket ground is even under construction at the outskirts. There are numerous swimming pools too.22

Festival

Bandstand in Jubilee Garden

Garba, a dance form, is popular both with men and women and is performed during the Navratri festival. The dance starts before midnight and continues until dawn. Mata Ambe, who rides a Lion, has a special reverential status with any highly religious Gujarati. The 'Janmastami Mela' organizes by for five days at the Race Course grounds to celebrate Janmastami. Diwali is the New Year for Hindus and people celebrate by doing Ma Laxmi Pujan. Moharam is new year of Muslim. Muslim's also celebrate ramzan Eid and bakri Eid. Rajkot Municipality arranges the Firecracker Show for the citizens of Rajkot. People clean and paint their houses and purchase new clothes to wear on New Year's Day. Dhuleti is the colour festival and Mahashivratri is God Shiva's day. People also celebrate Uttarayan (Makar Sankranti) on 14 January by flying kites from their terraces. Other holidays are Ganesh Utsava, Ram Navami, Mahavir Jayanti etc. Since Rajkot has people from many different castes and races, their various celebrations occur throughout the year.

Economy

The city contributes to the economy of the state with heavy and small scale industries under the patronage of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) and Gujarat State Financial Corporation (GSFC). The economy of Rajkot got another shot in the arm with 28 crore World Bank aid for development of infrastructure of the city.citation needed Many a renowned business houses made a beeline for grabbing the property market in the city, before it skyrockets. The plans are already in place to beautify and modernize the ancient city, including a Rock Garden, ala Chandigarh. Another 25 crore project to rebuild the Kaiser-e-Hind, the only major bridge linking to the city, is already nearing completion. .citation needed

Industry

Rajkot is famous for its jewelry market, silk embroidery and watch parts. The city hosts several small scale manufacturing industries. Some of the industrial products for which Rajkot is known include bearings, diesel engines, kitchen knives and other cutting appliances, watch parts (cases & bracelets), automotive parts, forging industry, casting industry, machine tools, share market and software development.citation needed The city is also home to some of the largest CNC machine and auto parts manufacturers in the country such as Jyoti CNC Automation Pvt. Ltd, Macpower CNC Machines Pvt. Ltd. and Atul Auto Ltd.

Rajkot is well known throughout the world for its casting and forging industries.citation needed Over the last few years, it has started to play an increasingly important role in the complex supply chains of many global engineering companies that make products such as electric motors, automobiles, machine tools, bearings, etc.citation needed

There are about 500 foundry units in Rajkot. The cluster came up mainly to cater to the casting requirements of the local diesel engine industry. The geographical spread of the cluster includes Aji Vasahat, Gondal Road and Bhavanagar Road areas. The majority of foundry units in Rajkot produce grey iron castings for the domestic market. A very small percentage (about 2%) of the foundry units export castings such as electric motor castings, automobile castings etc.

Rajkot is also famous for its gold purity and has one of the largest gold markets in India.citation needed

Rajkot is also growing up in Software Industries and ITeS. There are many SOHO companies working in Web Development along with many new multinational call centers and software companies such as NCrypted Technologies setting up their operations and development centers in Rajkot.

Rajkot's sister city Morbi is also a manufacturing hub for ceramics industry, wall clocks industry and electrical accessories. The city is a home to large industries such as Ajanta Clock, Samay Group, ORPAT Group, Sonera Industries, Rickon Quartz etc.

In the near future, the government of Gujarat will allocate large land areas for the development of Special Economic Zone23 which will be parted in three different areas and will include industries such as Software, Auto-Mobiles, etc. As per recent market reviews, Rajkot is becoming Asia's biggest Auto-Mobile Zone.

Rajkot is also famous for its textile printing units which produce cotton salwar suits and cotton print and silk sarees.

Rajkot was formerly the leading centre in India in the field of diesel engine and submersible pumps. Submersible pumps are still manufactured in the city and marketed throughout India, with some of the larger manufacturers also exporting them.

Rajkot is also home to some of India's leading snacks manufacturers such as Balaji Wafers Pvt Ltd, Gopal Snacks Pvt Ltd and is home to one of India's leading share broker Marwadi Shares & Finance Ltd.

Law and government

Rajkot is governed by many government bodies, including Jilla Seva Sadan (Rajkot District Collector Offices), Rajkot Municipal Corporation, Rajkot Urban Development Authority and bodies like the Police Department of Gujarat and the Rajkot City Traffic Police Department, which work to maintain law and order in the city.

Preceded by
Mr. Janakbhai Kotak
City Mayor
June 2013– Present
Succeeded by
Mrs Raxaben Bodiya
Preceded by
Mr.Dinesh H.Brahmbhatt
City Municipal Commissioner
2011– Present
Succeeded by
Mr. Ajay Bhadu
Preceded by
Mr H.P.Singh
City Police Commissioner
December 2013– Present
Succeeded by
Mr.Mohan Jha

The city civic body has started a 24x7 call center, the first of its kind in Gujarat and the second in the country to take care of all complaints relating to civic management. Citizens can now get all their complaints registered with the Rajkot Municipal Corporation by dialling a single number with an assurance that the problem would be addressed within 72 hours.24

Education

Rajkot is famous for providing education to Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhiji), at the Alfred High School. A number of schools in the city are run by Rajkot Municipal Corporation.They include 20 schools and learning centers,25 which consist of 3 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, 4 junior high schools, 4 senior high schools, 1 education centers, and 1 special school.26 There are also some self-financed public schools. TGES (The Galaxy Educational System) is a group of sister schools.Rajkot is home to Rajkumar College, Rajkot, also known RKC, which is one of the oldest schools of India.

Rajkot also has Union Government HRD Ministry run Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, now shifted to Jamnagar highway premise. Earlier it started at the Juni Khadki school premise of Sir Lakhajiraj High School and later on moved to its own building on the Jamnagar Road. It is CBSE Board affiliated, residential school for girls and boys, providing education to those selected at the Class VI level all India entrance test.2728

The city is home to Saurashtra University, several colleges, and other institutions of higher education, both public and private. The city has 12 engineering colleges. It has a Performing Arts College (Vocal, Classical dance, Tabla Vadan etc.) opposite Hemu Gadhvi Natya Gruh. The Saurashtra University is the city's public university. It is spread across approximately 410 acres (1.7 km2) of green land with 28 post graduation departments.29

Transport

Rajkot is connected to major Indian cities by Air, Railway and Road.

Roads and highways

The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs regular buses to and from Rajkot to other cities of Gujarat. More than 81000 people travel daily with GSRTCcitation needed .Rajkot is very well connected with Gujarat State Highways and Rajkot is allocated the vehicle registration code GJ-3 by RTO. There are a number of private bus operators connecting city with other cities of Gujarat state and other states of India

Rail and Internal Transport

Trains for the all the major cities of India are available from here. Rajkot Junction is the more widely used railway station for passenger trains. Its elevation is 128 m above sea level. Its station code is "RJT".

Rajkot Municipal Corporation has restored city bus services with Public Private Partnership in 2007. RMC and a private company is providing around 80 CNG buses under 15 to 20 routes in city and suburbs.

Recently Rajkot BRTS was launched on 1 October 2012.30 a new Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) with launching of the 10-km long Blue corridor and two AC buses which will be free for the first three months. The corridor is located in the west part of the city through the 150 ft ring road connecting Madhapar chokdi on the Jamangar road to Gondal chokdi on the Gondal road. The corridor will host 11 buses in further stage.

Rajkot BRTS Route: The fully completed project in future will have two more corridors - green and red from Arvind Maniyar Nagar to Saurashtra University and Greenland Chowk to Saurashtra University respectively involving 157 buses in three colors. Rajkot thus becomes the second city in Gujarat to have BRTS after Ahmedabad. The city of Surat too is planning an ambitious BRTS project, construction of which is going on presently.31

Rajkot has a large number of auto rickshaws, which operate around the clock within the city. Most of these are converted to CNG from petrol or diesel.

Aviation

Air travel is developing slowly in the city. There are multiple daily flights to Mumbai, served by Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and other carriers. Intermittent services to Ahmedabad and a hopping service to Bhavnagar on the way to Mumbai have been undertaken periodically. Currently Indian Airlines and Jet Airways offer daily flights between Rajkot and Mumbai Airport. Another new service planned by Jet Airways to Mumbai and Bangalore would enhance aviation.32

Rajkot Airport33 is located at a short distance from the city centre.

Sister cities

Rajkot has one sister city.34 Leicester Rajkot Twinning Association is going to build Leicester House with collaboration of RMC in Rajkot.3536

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Statistics". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  2. ^ "Ward details". Rajkot Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  3. ^ "India: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 13 Feb 2012. 
  4. ^ List of RTO districts in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  5. ^ Rajkot District Population Census 2011, Gujarat literacy sex ratio and density. Census2011.co.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  6. ^ (Ahmedabad ranks 7th, Surat 9th, Vadodara 22nd and Rajkot 34th)
  7. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/3455/8/08_chapter%204.pdf
  8. ^ Retrieved on January 2014
  9. ^ City Mayors World's fastest growing urban areas (1), Retrieved on December 13, 2007
  10. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rajkot, Retrieved on 2007
  11. ^ Rajkot Geography, Retrieved on January 3, 2008
  12. ^ Weatherbase of Rajkot (600 years on record), Retrieved on February 1, 2008
  13. ^ "Rajkot Climate". Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  14. ^ Rajkot City Census 2011 data
  15. ^ a b "Historical Census of India". 
  16. ^ "Census of Rajkot". 
  17. ^ Rotary Dolls Museum, Rajkot, May 21, 2008
  18. ^ List of winners at ABP News Best City Awards. Newsbullet.in (2013-03-06). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  19. ^ Sargam Club - Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  20. ^ Gujarati Dayro, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  21. ^ Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  22. ^ Gujarat Hockey Team U14, Retrieved on January 28, 2008
  23. ^ REA SEZ, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  24. ^ Civic Call Center, Retrieved on January 28, 2008
  25. ^ RMC School Board RTI, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  26. ^ RMC Highschools, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  27. ^ Navodaya
  28. ^ Application form for Navodaya
  29. ^ About Saurashtra University, Retrieved on January 13, 2008
  30. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajkot_BRTS
  31. ^ Rajkot BRTS launching today - Rajkot BRTS Route | Rajkot BRTS Route | Rajkot BRTS launching today | Rajkot BRTS Mercedes | Rajkot BRTS Plan | Rajkot BRTS Project | Rajkot BRTS Launch Date | Rajkot Municipal Corporation BRTS | BRTS Rajkot Full Form | Rajkot BRTS Bus | Rajkot BRTS Rout Root | Rajkot BRTS Bus Route | Rajkot BRTS Photos | Rajkot BRTS Pics Images | Rajkot BRTS Bus Routes | Rajkot BRTS Gujarat | BRTS Route Rajkot Gujarat | Rajkot BRTS Service | Rajkot BRTS Buses | BRTS Bus Route Rajkot. Nrigujarati.co.in (2013-07-22). Retrieved on 2013-07-28.
  32. ^ Rajkot-Mumbai-Banglore service planned by Jet Airways
  33. ^ AAI website-info on Rajkot Airport
  34. ^ Sister cities of Leicester, England. Retrieved on December 18, 2007
  35. ^ Sister (Twin) Cities of Rajkot. Retrieved on December 18, 2007.
  36. ^ Leicester City Council. Retrieved on December 18

Further reading

  • Sadashiv, Anant. A History of important ancient towns & cities in Gujarat & Kathiawad. ASIN B0008B2NGA. 
  • Singhji, Virbhadra. The Rajputs of Saurashtra. ISBN 81-7154-546-7. 
  • Curzon, George Nathaniel. Speeches. 
  • Thornton, Edward. A Gazetteer of The Territories under the government of The East-India Company, and of the Native states on the continent of India. ISBN 81-85557-52-7. 
  • Briggs, Henry George. The Cities of Gujaráshtra: : Their Topography and History Illustrated, in. 
  • Baird, Robert. The Christian Retrospect and Register: A Summary of the Scientific, Moral. 
  • Chesson, James. Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society, from May 1844 to February 1846. 

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