Rankin, Texas

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Rankin, Texas
City
Location of Rankin, Texas
Location of Rankin, Texas
Upton County Rankin.svg
Coordinates: 31°13′28″N 101°56′27″W / 31.22444°N 101.94083°W / 31.22444; -101.94083Coordinates: 31°13′28″N 101°56′27″W / 31.22444°N 101.94083°W / 31.22444; -101.94083
Country United States
State Texas
County Upton
Area
 • Total 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
 • Land 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,516 ft (767 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 800
 • Density 751.9/sq mi (290.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79778
Area code(s) 432
FIPS code 48-606681
GNIS feature ID 13660162

Rankin is a city in Upton County, Texas, United States.3 The population was 800 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of the thinly populated county – in 2000, only 3,404 people lived in the entire county, and McCamey was the only larger town. It is named after F.E. Rankin, a local rancher.

Geography

Rankin is located at 31°13′28″N 101°56′27″W / 31.22444°N 101.94083°W / 31.22444; -101.94083 (31.224412, −101.940866)4. It is at the junction of U.S. Highway 67 and Texas State Highway 329, known locally as Ranch Road 870.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.7 km²), all of it land.

History

The town was founded in 1911, and the post office was built a year later. In 1921, still a tiny community based around the ranching industry, it was designated county seat. Rankin was served by the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway.

The discovery of the Yates Oil Field in adjacent Pecos County in 1926 converted Rankin into a boom town. Since Rankin was the nearest settlement on a rail line, it became the center for the oil services industry for the nearby oil fields. During the Great Depression the population declined as the price of oil fell, and as workers moved away to work in newly discovered fields in East Texas and elsewhere; however, a secondary boom occurred in the 1940s with the discovery of the nearby Benedum Oil Field. A hospital, three new schools, and a library date from this period. The population has gradually fallen since its secondary peak of 1,278 in 1980.5

Demographics

As of the census1 of 2000, there were 800 people, 308 households, and 231 families residing in the city. The population density was 751.9 people per square mile (291.4/km²). There were 374 housing units at an average density of 351.5 per square mile (136.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.00% White, 2.50% African American, 0.50% Native American, 12.00% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.88% of the population.

There were 308 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,528, and the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $19,563 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,047. About 15.7% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The City of Rankin is served by the Rankin Independent School District. The district has two schools - Rankin High School (Red Devils) and James Gossett Elementary.6

Events

Rankin is the host to the World Championship Barbados Cookoff. The event is held every year during Memorial Day weekend and includes a rodeo and a cookoff that crowns the world champion Barbados chef.

Climate

Rankin experiences a semi-arid climate with hot summers and cool winters.

Climate data for Rankin, Texas.
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
87
(31)
96
(36)
99
(37)
103
(39)
109
(43)
108
(42)
105
(41)
106
(41)
101
(38)
90
(32)
82
(28)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 59.2
(15.1)
64.0
(17.8)
73.0
(22.8)
81.3
(27.4)
87.4
(30.8)
93.4
(34.1)
95.4
(35.2)
93.5
(34.2)
87.4
(30.8)
79.1
(26.2)
68.5
(20.3)
61.0
(16.1)
78.6
(25.9)
Average low °F (°C) 31.5
(−0.3)
35.0
(1.7)
43.6
(6.4)
52.8
(11.6)
59.9
(15.5)
66.9
(19.4)
69.8
(21)
68.4
(20.2)
62.8
(17.1)
53.0
(11.7)
41.8
(5.4)
33.6
(0.9)
51.6
(10.9)
Record low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
8
(−13)
10
(−12)
24
(−4)
36
(2)
45
(7)
58
(14)
57
(14)
42
(6)
27
(−3)
12
(−11)
6
(−14)
3
(−16)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.45
(11.4)
0.67
(17)
0.44
(11.2)
0.96
(24.4)
2.18
(55.4)
1.36
(34.5)
0.96
(24.4)
2.27
(57.7)
3.29
(83.6)
1.84
(46.7)
0.74
(18.8)
0.50
(12.7)
15.66
(397.8)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center7

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Rankin, Texas in the Handbook of Texas Online
  6. ^ Rankin ISD website
  7. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 







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