|Birth name||Wayde Douglas Bowles|
|Ring name(s)||Sweet Ebony Diamond1
|Billed height||6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)2|
|Billed weight||260 lb (120 kg; 19 st)|
August 24, 1944 |
Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada2
|Resides||Davie, Florida, United States|
|Billed from||Toronto, Ontario, Canada3
Washington, D.C., United States
|Trained by||Peter Maivia3
Kurt Von Steiger1
Rocky Johnson (born Wayde Douglas Bowles; August 24, 1944)1 is a retired Canadian professional wrestler. Quite popular in his own right in the 1970s and 1980s, he is also known for being the father of American actor and professional wrestler Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson.4 During his wrestling career he became a 1-time National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) Georgia Champion and also became a 1-time NWA Southern Heavyweight Memphis Champion as well as winning many other championships. Along with his partner Tony Atlas, Johnson was a part of the first black tag team to win the World Tag Team championship in the World Wrestling Federation (WWF).5
Rocky Johnson was born Wayde Douglas Bowles in Amherst, Nova Scotia, where he was raised, the fourth of five sons of Lillian and James Henry Bowles.26 A Black Nova Scotian, he is descended from slaves who escaped from the American South.6 At the age of 16, Johnson moved to Toronto, Ontario, where he began wrestling and worked as a truck driver.7 Initially, he trained to be a boxer and eventually sparred with greats such as Muhammad Ali and George Foreman, but he was always fascinated by wrestling.2
Johnson began his career as a professional wrestler in the mid-1960s.3 He was a top contender in the National Wrestling Alliance in the 1970s, receiving title matches against then-World Champions Terry Funk and Harley Race.3 He was well-suited to tag team wrestling, winning several regional tag team championships in the NWA. He also wrestled under a mask as "Sweet Ebony Diamond" in the Mid-Atlantic area as well.
In 1983, he was recruited by the World Wrestling Federation where he feuded with Don Muraco, Greg Valentine, Mike Sharpe, Buddy Rose, and Adrian Adonis. He was then paired with Tony Atlas as a tag team.3 They defeated the Wild Samoans (Afa and Sika Anoai) for the Tag Team Championship on November 15, 1983.4 They were the first black tag team to hold the tag title.3 Together, Johnson and Atlas were known as "The Soul Patrol".
After retiring in 1991, Johnson along with Pat Patterson, trained his son Dwayne to wrestle. While he initially resisted his son's entry into the business because he knew it was extremely difficult, he agreed to train his son on the condition that he would not go easy on him. Johnson was instrumental in getting Dwayne (later dubbed "Rocky Maivia" after both Rocky Johnson's and Peter Maivia's ring names) signed to a WWF developmental deal. Initially, Johnson had an on-camera presence at his son's matches, jumping into the ring on his son's behalf after he was attacked by The Sultan and the Iron Sheik at WrestleMania 13. Johnson was not seen on-camera again after the Rocky Maivia character flopped, but this was actually a blessing, as his son achieved crossover popularity as a cocky heel, The Rock.
Johnson was hired as a trainer for the WWE developmental territory, Ohio Valley Wrestling, in early 2003 but was let go in May of that year. On February 25, 2008, Johnson was announced as an inductee for the 2008 class of the WWE Hall of Fame along with his father-in-law "High Chief" Peter Maivia. Both he and his father-in-law were inducted into the Hall of Fame on March 29, 2008 by his son, The Rock. One week earlier on March 22, Rocky Johnson wrestled his retirement match in Toronto for Stranglehold Wrestling.
Johnson married into the prolific Samoan wrestling family, which included the Anoa'i family, by marrying "High Chief" Peter Maivia's adopted daughter Ata Maivia.3 Ata met Rocky after Maivia and Johnson were tag team partners in a match on the independent scene. Maivia disapproved of the relationship—not because of anything personal against Johnson, but because of Johnson's chosen profession as he knew first hand how hard it was for the wrestlers families who were at home while they were constantly on the road.8 The couple had a son, Dwayne, on May 2, 1972. In his first television acting job, Dwayne Johnson (then known as "The Rock", a nickname also given to Rocky) would portray his father in a season 1 (1999) episode of That '70s Show called "That Wrestling Show".
Johnson currently lives in Davie, Florida. He and Ata divorced in 2003.9 He also has two other children, as he announced in his 2008 HOF induction, a son Curtis, and a daughter Wanda from his first marriage in 1967. Johnson is honored as being the first non-Samoan to be named High Chief. His title is High Chief Tafiaiafi.
Johnson is the grandfather of Dwayne's daughter Simone Alexandra Johnson (born August 14, 2001).
- Finishing moves
- Championship Wrestling from Florida
- Continental Wrestling Association
- Georgia Championship Wrestling
- NWA All-Star Wrestling
- NWA Big Time Wrestling
- NWA Hollywood Wrestling
- NWA Mid-America / Continental Wrestling Association
- NWA San Francisco
- NWA United States Heavyweight Championship (San Francisco version) (1 time)30
- NWA World Tag Team Championship (San Francisco version) (4 times) – with Pat Patterson (3) and Pepper Gomez (1)31
- NWA Polynesian Wrestling
- NWA Polynesian Pacific Tag Team Championship (2 time) - with Ricky Johnson32
- Pacific Northwest Wrestling
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- PWI ranked him #211 of the 500 best singles wrestlers during the "PWI Years" in 200335
- World Wrestling Federation / World Wrestling Entertainment
- Mick Foley (2000). Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks. HarperCollins. p. 768. ISBN 0-06-103101-1.
- "Rocky Johnson Profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
- "Rocky Johnson returns home". SLAM! Sports. 2005-07-16. Retrieved 2010-09-03.
- "Hall of Fame: Rocky Johnson". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
- Foley, Mick. Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks (p.36)
- Solomon, Brian (2006). WWE Legends. Simon and Schuster. p. 146. ISBN 0-7434-9033-9.
- "Soulman" Rocky Johnson Canadian Pro Wrestling Page of Fame. Accessed on September 3, 2010.
- Rock, The. The Rock Says... (p.6–7)
- "Rocky Johnson: The unknown WWE trainer". Slam! Sports. 2003-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-25.
- "An Illustrated History of Professional Wrestling in Northern California: Action Photos 21".
- "NWA Brass Knuckles Championship (Florida version) history".
- "NWA Florida Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Florida Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Florida Television Championship history".
- "AWA Southern Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Georgia Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Georgia Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Macon Tag Team Championship history".
- "WCW World Television Championship history".
- "NWA Canadian Tag Team Championship (Vancouver version) history".
- "NWA Texas Hardcore Championship history".
- "NWA Texas Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Texas Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA World Tag Team Championship (Detroit version) history".
- "NWA Americas Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Americas Tag Team Championship history".
- "NWA Beat the Champ Television Championship history".
- "CWA/AWA International Tag Team Championship history".
- "Memphis Wrestling Southern Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA United States Heavyweight Championship (San Francisco version) history".
- "NWA World Tag Team Championship (San Francisco version) history".
- "NWA Pacific Northwest Heavyweight Championship history".
- "NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship history".
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated's Top 500 Wrestlers of the PWI Years". Wrestling Information Archive. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- "Rocky Johnson's and Tony Atlas' first World Tag Team Championship reign".
- Official Site
- WWE Hall of Fame Profile of Rocky Johnson
- Online World of Wrestling Profile
- Rock Johnson Photos at CWF Archives