Roman provincial currency

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Areas of issue

Roman provincial currency was coinage minted within the Roman Empire by local civic rather than imperial authorities. These coins were often continuations of the original currencies that existed prior to the arrival of the Romans.

Overview

When a new region was assimilated into Roman civilization, the continuance of pre-existing local currencies was often allowed as a matter of expediency. Also, new colonies were frequently given authority to mint bronze coins. These provincial currencies were mostly used by the local inhabitants only for local trade – as their intrinsic values were usually much lower.

Characteristics

Tetradrachm Volusianus- antioch AR4Drachm Prieur 704A.jpgBronze-Uranius Antoninus-Elagabal stone-SGI 4414.jpg

As Elagabalus 218-leg 3 Gallica.jpgBronze Maximinus I-Paris-Tarsos AE36 SNGFr 1587.jpg

Provincial coins were issued in silver, billon and bronze denominations, though never gold. The majority were bronze. Silver and billon coins were more common in the Eastern regions of the Empire, particularly Alexandria. In general, the issuance of silver coinage was controlled by Rome. That gave the imperial government a measure of control and influence throughout the empire. Some coins that circulated in the eastern parts of the empire may have been minted at the mint of Rome.

Issuance

There were over 600 provincial mints during the Imperial Era.1 The mints were located throughout the Empire, with a particular concentration in the Eastern portions of the Empire.

Major provincial cities such as Corinth or Antioch possessed their own minting capabilities. Some mints issued only for their cities (Viminacium) while others issued coins for entire province (e.g. Moesia). There are several cities known by their coins, as there is no historical mention of them.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ David R. Sear,Greek Imperial Coins,Seaby 1982,2001

External links








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