Royal Victorian Medal
|Royal Victorian Medal|
Medal and ribbon
|Eligibility||British and Commonwealth citizens and non-commissioned personnel|
|Awarded for||Personal service to the Sovereign or royal family|
|Next (higher)||Dependent on realm|
|Next (lower)||Dependent on realm|
The Royal Victorian Medal (RVM) is a decoration established by Queen Victoria in April 1896.1 On 14 May 1912, King George V further confirmed the institution of the medal with an additional royal warrant.2 A part of the Royal Victorian Order, it is a reward for personal service to the Sovereign or the royal family, and is the personal gift of the sovereign.3 Although the Medal is related to the Royal Victorian Order, it differs in appearance and in the way it is worn.4
The medal has three levels: Bronze, Silver and Gold (silver gilt). Bars may be awarded to each level of Medal to denote subsequent awards. Recipients may continue to wear their original medal if they are awarded a higher level for further service. The medal may also be worn in addition to the badge of the Royal Victorian Order if this is later given to them.5
Recipients are entitled to use the post-nominal letters RVM.6
In creating the Royal Victorian Order in 1896, Queen Victoria decided to make a medal a part of the order as well. This medal would be used to reward those who had rendered faithful service to the monarch and the royal family, but were not eligible to be appointed to any orders due to their position or class. This creation followed the precedent of other European monarchs who had royal household medals with which to reward servants. The first medals were received 7 July 1896 and were presented to Russians by the Duke of Connaught while he was in Russia for the coronation of Tsar Nicholas II.6
The medal has been historically used to recognize the service of policemen who work in protective services, gardeners, housekeepers, drivers, valets and other similar type staff. Non-commissioned members of the military may also be awarded the medal for services. The medal is often awarded for service to the monarch and royal family during royal visits. The medal may be looked upon as a long service medal, but the service must be of a meritorious character to warrant its award.6
Originally ranked near the end,7 the medal now ranks ahead of campaign, jubilee, efficiency, and long service medals in the United Kingdom Order of Wear.8 This gradual increase in importance was marked by the July 1980 approval, by the Queen, to allow the use of the postnominal RVM by recipients of the medal.6
The medal is circular, 28 mm in diameter, struck in bronze, silver, and silver-gilt for gold medals. The obverse bears the young effigy of Queen Elizabeth II. Surrounding the effigy is the inscription Elizabeth II Dei Gratia Regina F D. The reverse depicts the royal cypher, surrounded by a wreath or ribbons and laurel leaves. A curled ribbon at the bottom bears the inscription, Royal Victorian Medal.9
Attached by a ring suspension, the medal is borne by a blue ribbon with thin stripes of white and red on each edge. Awards to foreigners have a white central stripe. The ribbon is the sames as that of the Royal Victorian Order. Additional awards of the medal are indicated by bars attached to the ribbon.9
Some orders of precedence are as follows:
- The London Gazette: . 24 April 1896.
- The London Gazette: . 14 May 1912.
- "DH&R - Canadian Honours Chart". Cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "The Governor General of Canada > Orders". Gg.ca. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 2 June 1936.
- McCreery, Christoper (2008). On Her Majesty's Service: Royal Honours and Recognition in Canada. 2008: Dundurn Press Ltd. pp. 57–59. ISBN 1770702822.
- The London Gazette: . 18 April 1941.
- The London Gazette: . 17 March 2003.
- McCreery, Christopher (2005). The Canadian Honours System. Dundurn Press Ltd. p. 109. ISBN 1550025546.
- "The Order of Wearing of Australian Honours and Awards". http://www.itsanhonour.gov.au. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- "DH&R - Canadian Honours Chart". Cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- "NZDF Medals - Order of Wear". Medals.nzdf.mil.nz. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- Directgov, Orders of Wear, Queen's Printer