San Antonio, Chile

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San Antonio
City and Commune
Panorama of the port of San Antonio
Panorama of the port of San Antonio
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of San Pedro commune in the Valparaíso Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
San Antonio
Location in Chile
Nickname(s): Principal Port (Puerto Principal)
Coordinates (city): 33°35′36″S 71°37′18″W / 33.59333°S 71.62167°W / -33.59333; -71.62167Coordinates: 33°35′36″S 71°37′18″W / 33.59333°S 71.62167°W / -33.59333; -71.62167
Country Chile
Region Valparaíso
Province San Antonio
Founded 1894
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Omar Vera (2004-2008)
Area1
 • Total 404.5 km2 (156.2 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2012 Census)1
 • Total 87,675
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
 • Urban 83,435
 • Rural 3,770
Sex1
 • Men 42,843
 • Women 44,362
Time zone Chile Time (CLT)2 (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) Chile Summer Time (CLST)3 (UTC-3)
Area code(s) +56 35
Website Official website (Spanish)

San Antonio, meaning "Saint Anthony", is a major Chilean port (the largest in terms of freight handled, and the busiest port in the western coast of South America) and a commune in San Antonio Province, Valparaíso Region. It is the capital of the San Antonio province and is the hub of the fishing area that spans the Chilean coast from Rocas de Santo Domingo to Cartagena.citation needed

Geography

The city lies on hills and coastal dunes, immediately north of the mouth of the Maipo River and is crossed in two sections by estuaries, of Arévalo to the north and of El Sauce in the section of Llolleo.

The city is located at 33°35′S and 71°37′W. It is bordered on the north by the commune of Cartagena; on the east, by the commune of Melipilla and the Maipo River; on the south, by the same river and by the communes of Santo Domingo and San Pedro; and on the west, by the Pacific Ocean (here termed "el mar Chileno", "the Chilean sea").

It comprises an area of 502.5 km2 (194 sq mi).

Climate

San Antonio enjoys a Mediterranean climate with coastal influences. The average annual temperature is 14 °C (57 °F) with averages of 19 °C (66 °F) in January and 8.2 °C (46.8 °F) in July. Annual precipitation of 570 mm (22 in) is concentrated in June, with an average of 134 mm (5 in).

History

Nomadic hunters and gatherers were the first inhabitants of Chilean territory. In this central coastal zone are evidences of ancient habitation extending back about thirteen thousand years.

The city was 80% destroyed by the 1985 Santiago earthquake.

The San Antonio port was shut down by the 27 February 2010 earthquake, but had resumed operation at 80% capacity by 3 March 2010.4 After the quake, only 5 of the 8 docking points at the port resumed operation.5

Demographics

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, San Antonio spans an area of 404.5 km2 (156 sq mi) and has 87,205 inhabitants (42,843 men and 44,362 women). Of these, 83,435 (95.7%) lived in urban areas and 3,770 (4.3%) in rural areas. The population grew by 11.6% (9,047 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.1

Governmental Administration

Partial view of the facade of the Illustrious Municipality of San Antonio.

As a commune, San Antonio is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a communal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Omar Vera Castro, who is advised by six councilors:

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, San Antonio is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Mrs. María José Hoffmann (UDI) and Mr. Víctor Torres (PDC) as part of the 15th electoral district, (together with Santo Domingo, Cartagena, El Tabo, El Quisco, Algarrobo and Casablanca). The commune is represented in the Senate by Francisco Chahuán Chahuán (RN) and Ricardo Lagos Weber (PPD) as part of the 6th senatorial constituency (Valparaíso-Coast).

References

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Spanish Wikipedia.
  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Chile Time". World Time Zones .org. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  3. ^ "Chile Summer Time". World Time Zones .org. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  4. ^ Orihuela, Rodrigo; Attwood, James (3 March 2010). "Chile’s San Antonio Port Returns to 80% Capacity". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "Chilean Port City Gets Back to Work after Quake". EFE. Latin American Herald Tribune. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 







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