San Francisco Board of Supervisors

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San Francisco Board of Supervisors
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
President David Chiu
Since January 8, 2009
Seats 11
Elections
Voting system Instant runoff voting single-member districts
Last election November 2, 2010
Meeting place
SFCityHall.png
San Francisco City Hall
1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place, Room 244
San Francisco, CA 94102-4689
Website
http://www.sfbos.org

The San Francisco Board of Supervisors is the legislative body within the government of the City and County of San Francisco, California, United States.

Government and politics

The City and County of San Francisco is a consolidated city-county, being simultaneously a charter city and charter county with a consolidated government, a status it has had since 1856. Since it is the only such consolidation in California, it is therefore the only California city with a mayor who is also the county executive, and a county board of supervisors that also acts as the city council.

Election

There are 11 members of the Board of Supervisors, each representing a geographic district (see below). The current president of the Board is David Chiu, who represents District 3.

How the Board of Supervisors should be elected has been a bone of contention in recent San Francisco history. Throughout the United States, almost all cities and counties with populations in excess of 20,000 divide the jurisdiction into electoral districts (in cities, often called "wards") to achieve a geographical spread of members from across the whole community and to evenly distribute the community interaction workload among the members of the governing body (city council, county board of supervisors, etc.). But San Francisco, notwithstanding a population of over 700,000, was often an exception.

Prior to 1977 and again from 1980 through 2000, the Board of Supervisors was chosen in 'at-large' elections, with all candidates appearing together on the ballot. The person who received the most votes was elected President of the Board of Supervisors, and the next four or five (depending on how many seats were up for election) were elected to seats on the board. District elections were enacted by Proposition T in November 1976.1 The first district-based elections in 1977 resulted in a radical change to the composition of the Board, including the election of Harvey Milk, only the third openly gay or lesbian individual (and the first gay man) elected to public office in the United States. Following the assassinations of Supervisor Milk and Mayor George Moscone a year later by former Supervisor Dan White, district elections were deemed divisive and San Francisco returned to at-large elections until the current system was implemented in 2000. District elections were repealed by Proposition A in August 1980 by a vote of 50.58% Yes to 49.42% No.2 An attempt was made to reinstate district elections in November 1980 with Proposition N but it failed by a vote of 48.42% Yes to 51.58% No.3 District elections were reinstated by Proposition G in November 1996 with a November runoff.4 Runoffs were eliminated and replaced with instant-runoff voting with Proposition A in March 2002.5

Former supervisorial districts of San Francisco, 1977–1980

Under the current system, supervisors are elected by district to four-year terms. The City Charter provides a term limit of two successive four-year terms and requires supervisors to be out of office for four years after the expiration of their second successive term before rejoining the Board, through election or appointment, again.6 A partial term counts as a full term if the supervisor is appointed and/or elected to serve more than two years of it.78

The terms are staggered so that only half the board is elected every two years, thereby providing continuity. Supervisors representing odd-numbered districts (1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11) are elected every fourth year counted from 2000 (so, 2000, 2004, 2008, etc.). Supervisors representing even-numbered districts (2, 4, 6, 8, and 10) were elected to transitional two-year terms in 2000, thereafter to be elected every fourth year (2002, 2006, 2010, etc.). The most recent supervisoral elections were held on November 6, 2012.

The President of the Board of Supervisors, under the new system, is elected by the members of the Board from among their number. This is typically done at the first meeting of the new session commencing after the general election.

Districts

Members of the Board of Supervisors are elected from 11 single-member districts. The districts cover the following neighborhoods, approximately.

The maps shown below lack markings for streets or street names. The City of San Francisco has detailed maps of each district available on its website.9

District Map Supervisor Neighborhoods and areas represented
1 San Francisco District 1 (2012).svg Eric Mar Inner Richmond, Central Richmond, Outer Richmond, Vista del Mar, Lone Mountain, Golden Gate Park, Lincoln Park, University of San Francisco, and the Farallon Islands
2 San Francisco District 2 (2012).svg Mark Farrell Marina, Cow Hollow, Pacific Heights, Seacliff, Lake District, Presidio Heights, Jordan Park, Laurel Heights, Presidio, and part of Russian Hill
3 San Francisco District 3 (2012).svg David Chiu (President) North Beach, Chinatown, Telegraph Hill, North Waterfront, Financial District, Nob Hill, Union Square, Maiden Lane, and part of Russian Hill
4 San Francisco District 4 (2012).svg Katy Tang Central Sunset, Outer Sunset, Parkside, Outer Parkside, and Pine Lake Park
5 San Francisco District 5 (2012).svg London Breed Inner Sunset, Haight Ashbury, Lower Haight, Fillmore, Western Addition, Parnassus Heights, North Panhandle, Anza Vista, Lower Pacific Heights, Japantown, Hayes Valley, part of Ashbury Heights, and part of UCSF Parnassus Heights
6 San Francisco District 6 (2012).svg Jane Kim Union Square, Tenderloin, Civic Center, Mid-Market, Cathedral Hill, South of Market, South Beach, Mission Bay, Treasure Island, Yerba Buena Island, and Alcatraz
7 San Francisco District 7 (2012).svg Norman Yee Inner Parkside, Golden Gate Heights, Clarendon Heights, Twin Peaks, West Portal, Forest Knolls, Midtown Terrace, Forest Hill, Miraloma Park, Sunnyside, Sherwood Forest, Westwood Highlands, Westwood Park, St. Francis Wood, Monterey Heights, Mt. Davidson, Balboa Terrace, Ingleside Terrace, Stonestown, Lakeside, Lake Shore, Merced Manor, Parkmerced, Lake Merced, City College, San Francisco State, part of Ashbury Heights, and part of UCSF Parnassus Heights
8 San Francisco District 8 (2012).svg Scott Wiener The Castro, Noe Valley, Diamond Heights, Glen Park, Corona Heights, Eureka Valley, Dolores Heights, Mission Dolores, Duboce Triangle, and Buena Vista Park
9 San Francisco District 9 (2012).svg David Campos Mission District, Bernal Heights, and the Portola
10 San Francisco District 10 (2012).svg Malia Cohen Potrero Hill, Central Waterfront, Dogpatch, Bayview-Hunters Point, Bayview Heights, India Basin, Silver Terrace, Candlestick Point, Visitacion Valley, Little Hollywood, Sunnydale, and McLaren Park
11 San Francisco District 11 (2012).svg John Avalos Excelsior, Ingleside, Oceanview, Merced Heights, Ingleside Heights, Mission Terrace, Outer Mission, Cayuga, and Crocker Amazon

See also

References

  1. ^ "San Francisco Ballot Propositions Database". San Francisco Public Library. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  2. ^ "San Francisco Ballot Propositions Database". San Francisco Public Library. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  3. ^ "San Francisco Ballot Propositions Database". San Francisco Public Library. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  4. ^ "San Francisco Ballot Propositions Database". San Francisco Public Library. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  5. ^ "San Francisco Ballot Propositions Database". San Francisco Public Library. Retrieved 2010-03-11. 
  6. ^ http://www.amlegal.com/nxt/gateway.dll/California/charter_sf/articleiilegislativebranch?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:sanfrancisco_ca$anc=JD_2.101
  7. ^ http://www.amlegal.com/nxt/gateway.dll/California/charter_sf/articleiilegislativebranch?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:sanfrancisco_ca$anc=JD_2.101
  8. ^ Gordon, Rachel (June 27, 2011). "Appeals court rules against Alioto-Pier". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  9. ^ "District & Citywide Maps". City and County of San Francisco. Retrieved August 22, 2013. 

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