San Telmo (ship)
In 1819 the San Telmo commanded by Captain Joaquín de Toledo y Parra was the flagship of a Spanish naval squadron under Brigadier Rosendo Porlier y Asteguieta bound for Callao (Peru) to reinforce colonial forces there fighting the independence movements in Spanish America. Damaged by severe weather in the Drake Passage, south of Cape Horn, it sank in September 1819.
The 644 officers, soldiers and seamen lost on board the San Telmo were the first people to die in Antarctica, as parts of her wreckage were found months later by the first sealers who reached Livingston Island. Indeed, if somebody of the San Telmo survived to set foot there he would have been the first man in history to reach Antarctica.
- El San Telmo. Una historia sin final. (Spanish)
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