Santa Clara, California
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)|
|Santa Clara, California|
|City of Santa Clara|
The Santa Clara Convention Center in July 2007
Location in Santa Clara County and the U.S. state of California
|Country||United States of America|
|• City Council||Mayor Jamie L. Matthews
Lisa M. Gillmor
|• City Manager||Julio J. Fuentes|
|• Total||18.407 sq mi (47.675 km2)|
|• Land||18.407 sq mi (47.675 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||75 ft (23 m)|
|• Rank||3rd in Santa Clara County
48th in California
221st in the United States
|• Density||6,300/sq mi (2,400/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1654953|
Santa Clara (//), officially the City of Santa Clara, is a city in Santa Clara County, California. The city's population was 116,468 at the 2010 United States Census, making it the ninth most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Located 45 miles (72 km) southeast of San Franciscocitation needed, the city was founded in 1777 and incorporated in 1852. The city is the site of the eighth of 21 California missions, Mission Santa Clara de Asís, and was named after the mission. The Mission and Mission Gardens are located on the grounds of Santa Clara University. Saint Clare is the patron saint of Santa Clara.2
Santa Clara is located in the center of Silicon Valley and is home to the headquarters of several high-tech companies. It is the site of Levi's Stadium, the future home of the National Football League's San Francisco 49ers and site of Super Bowl L. It is also home to Santa Clara University, the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of California. The city is bordered by San Jose, Sunnyvale, and Cupertino.
The first European to visit the valley was José Francisco Ortega in 1769. He found the area inhabited by Native Americans, whom the Spanish called the Costanos, "coast people", later known as the Ohlone. The Spanish began to colonize California with 21 missions and the Mission Santa Clara de Asis was founded in 1777.
In 1846, the American flag was raised over Monterey and symbolized the transfer of the sovereignty of the California Republic over to the United States of America. In 1851, Santa Clara College was established on the grounds of the original Mission. In 1852, Santa Clara was incorporated as a town; it became state-chartered by 1862.
For the next century the economy centered on agriculture since orchards and vegetables were thriving in the fertile soil. By the beginning of the 20th century, the population had reached 5,000 and stayed about the same for many years.
In 1905, the first public high-altitude flights by man were made over Santa Clara in gliders designed by John J. Montgomery. The semiconductor industry, which sprouted around 1960, changed the city and surrounding valley forever; little of its agricultural past remains.
Santa Clara's first medical hospital was built in 1963. This structure, on Kiely Boulevard, was replaced in 2007 with the new Kaiser Permanente medical center located on Lawrence Expressway at Homestead Road.
Santa Clara was also home to a major mental health facility, Agnews State Hospital. According to the National Park Service, more than 100 persons were killed at this site in the 1906 earthquake. The site is the former home to Sun Microsystems and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
There are some significant biological resources within the city including habitat for the burrowing owl, a species of special concern in California due to reduction in habitat from urban development during the latter 20th century.3 This owl uses burrows created by ground squirrels and prefers generally level grasslands and even disturbed areas.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city covers an area of 18.4 square miles (48 km2), all of it land.
Despite being located only 45 miles from San Francisco, Santa Clara's climate is rather distinct—particularly during the summer, when it is generally warm and sunny, as opposed to the foggy and cool conditions one normally finds in San Francisco. The average daily temperatures in July range from 82 °F (28 °C) to 53 °F (12 °C). Winters are mild, with the mean daily temperatures in January ranging from 58 °F (14 °C) to 38 °F (3 °C). Most of the annual rainfall comes in the winter months; the summer months are generally rainless.
|Climate data for Santa Clara, California (Santa Clara University, 1893&Ndash;1976)|
|Average high °F (°C)||58
|Average low °F (°C)||38
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.03
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ .01 in)||10||9||9||5||3||1||0||0||1||3||6||9||56|
|Source: Western Regional Climate Center4|
The 2010 United States Census5 reported that Santa Clara had a population of 116,468. The population density was 6,327.3 people per square mile (2,443.0/km²). The ethnic makeup of Santa Clara was 52,359 (45.0%) White, 3,154 (2.7%) African American, 579 (0.5%) Native American, 43,889 (37.7%) Asian (13.6% Indian, 6.9% Chinese, 6.2% Filipino, 3.9% Vietnamese, 3.0% Korean, 1.5% Japanese, 0.8% Pakistani, 0.1% Bangladeshi, 0.1% Thai), 651 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 9,624 (8.3%) from other races, and 6,212 (5.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22,589 persons (19.4%); 14.6% of Santa Clara is Mexican, 0.7% Salvadoran, 0.4% Puerto Rican, 0.4% Peruvian, 0.3% Nicaraguan, and 0.3% Guatemalan.
The Census reported that 113,272 people (97.3% of the population) lived in households, 2,860 (2.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 336 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 43,021 households, out of which 14,477 (33.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21,817 (50.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,081 (9.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,038 (4.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,146 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 312 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,906 households (25.4%) were made up of individuals and 2,945 (6.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63. There were 27,936 families (64.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.18.
The population was spread out with 24,774 people (21.3%) under the age of 18, 12,511 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 41,876 people (36.0%) aged 25 to 44, 25,628 people (22.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,679 people (10.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.1 years. For every 100 females there were 102.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.
There were 45,147 housing units at an average density of 2,452.7 per square mile (947.0/km²), of which 19,747 (45.9%) were owner-occupied, and 23,274 (54.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 53,694 people (46.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 59,578 people (51.2%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census7 of 2000, there are 102,361 people, 38,526 households, and 24,117 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,149.1/km² (5,566.2/mi²). There are 39,630 housing units at an average density of 832.0/km² (2,155.0/mi²). The ethnic makeup of the city is 55.59% White, 2.29% African American, 0.53% Native American, 29.27% Asian, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 6.94% from other races, and 4.95% from two or more races. 15.99% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 38,526 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 39.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.9 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $75,687, and the median income for a family was $98,977. Males had a median income of $58,641 versus $43,131 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,755. About 4.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Santa Clara owns and operates an electric utility called Silicon Valley Power. In 2005 Silicon Valley Power brought online the Donald Von Raesfeld (DVR) Power Plant. The new combined cycle gas turbine plant produces 147 megawatts of electricity for the city and its residents.8 As a result, the going rate for electricity in Santa Clara is considerably cheaper than that offered by Northern California's dominant utility, Pacific Gas and Electric.
Affymetrix, Agilent Technologies, Applied Materials, Atheros, Extreme Networks, Intel, Intevac, McAfee, National Semiconductor, Nvidia, OmniVision Technologies, Palo Alto Networks, PMC-Sierra, Rovi, Synaptics, Marvell Technology Group and Trident Microsystems are among the companies headquartered in Santa Clara. Namco Bandai Games's United States office is in Santa Clara.9
According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,10 the top private employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|5||California's Great America||2,500|
|7||Santa Clara University||1,200|
- California Governor
- Jerry Brown (D)
- Federal Senators
- Federal Representative
- State Senator
- State Assembly Member13
- Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
- Ken Yeager of District 4
- City Manager, acting
- Alan Kurotori
- Jamie L. Matthews
- City Council14
- Debi Davis
- Lisa Gillmor
- Pat Kolstad
- Patricia Mahan
- Jerry Marsalli
- Teresa O'Neill
Santa Clara has two major train stations: the Santa Clara – Great America Station and the Santa Clara Station. The former is served by Amtrak's Capitol Corridor train and Altamont Commuter Express, while the latter is served by Caltrain and Altamont Commuter Express. Santa Clara is located adjacent to Mineta San Jose International Airport, in fact a small portion of the airport is in Santa Clara. Some other nearby major airports include San Francisco International Airport and Oakland International Airport. Most public buses in the city are operated by Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. There is a light rail system in Santa Clara and the rest of the county which is also operated by Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority(VTA).
Santa Clara Unified School District serves Santa Clara. The city is home to nineteen K-8, elementary, and high schools. Many of the schools are named for former farmers, ranchers, and other notable Santa Clara residents such as Bowers and Bracher elementary schools, Buchser Middle School, Wilcox High School, and Santa Clara High School. A small part of the city however is served by Cupertino High School and its feeder schools in the nearby town of its namesake. Jesuit college Santa Clara University, junior college Mission College, and Golden State Baptist College are among the city's higher education facilities.
The city is also home to the Santa Clara City Library.15
- Beginning in the 2014 National Football League season, the San Francisco 49ers will play their home games at Levi's Stadium, which is currently under construction. The stadium will also host Super Bowl L at the end of the 2015 season.
- The San Jose Earthquakes of Major League Soccer currently plays its home games at Buck Shaw Stadium, located at Santa Clara University. At one point the entire team and management moved to Houston and formed the Houston Dynamo. Recently the Earthquakes have fielded a new team, with new management in the Silicon Valley. Both teams have been highly successful.
- The George F. Haines International Swim Center is home and host to numerous local, regional, and international competitive swimming matches as well as the Santa Clara Aquamaids synchronized swimming team.
- The Santa Clara Vanguard, a competitive marching music organization, has been headquartered in Santa Clara since its inception. The organization runs and operates a winter guard, an indoor percussion ensemble, and two drum and bugle corps, all of which compete across the country every year. All four ensembles have been very successful competitively, especially the two drum corps, one of which has won 2 Open Class titles and the other 6 World Class titles. The latter is the only drum corps that has made finals every year since the beginning of Drum Corps International.
Santa Clara is also home to California's Great America, an amusement park currently operated by Cedar Fair, L.P.. Nearby is the Santa Clara Convention Center, one of Silicon Valley's largest event and meeting venues. Santa Clara also offers several museums such as the Intel Museum, Triton Museum of Art, and the Harris - Lass historical house. Near the above mentioned Mission College is the Our Lady of Peace Shrine notable for its thirty-two foot tall statue which is viewable from Highway 101 in a manner similar to the statue of Junípero Serra in Hillsborough, CA. The Mission City Center for Performing Arts is the city's venue for theatrical productions and entertainment.
The San Francisco 49ers NFL football team has its headquarters and practice facilities in Santa Clara. On Wednesday, November 8, 2006, the 49ers announced their intention to move the team to Santa Clara in time for the fall 2014 season, after negotiations failed with the city of San Francisco to build a new stadium.16
- In 2011, Santa Clara voters approved a plan to build a 68,500 seat stadium for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League. The groundbreaking for the stadium occurred on April 19, 2012.17 The stadium is located between the Great America park (to the south) and the Convention Center.
- U.S. Census
- "Santa Clara University Ethnobiographical Background." Santa Clara University. Retrieved on March 13, 2010.
- Environmental Impact Report for the Esperanca property, Santa Clara, California, Earth Metrics Inc., California State Clearinghouse (1990)
- Santa Clara University, California - Climate Summary. Wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
- All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
- http://www.bayareacensus.ca.gov "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census".
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Silicon Valley Power Dedicates Donald Von Raesfeld Power Plant on June 15, 2005, City of Santa Clara news release (2005)
- "Company Info." Namco Bandai. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
- City of Santa Clara CAFR
- "California's 17th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
- "CA Assembly 25th district". Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- "Library." City of Santa Clara. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- "Source: 49ers plan to move out of S.F.". Yahoo News. November 9, 2006. (Link dead as of 15 January 2007)
- Video: 49ers' groundbreaking ceremony for Santa Clara stadium - San Jose Mercury News. Mercurynews.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
- "City of Santa Clara : International Exchange Commission". City of Santa Clara. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Santa Clara, California.|
- Official website
- Santa Clara City Library
- Golden State Baptist College of Santa Clara
- Santa Clara Convention and Visitors Bureau website
- Santa Clara Chamber of Commerce website
- Santa Clara Weekly - local newspaper
- Kaiser Hospital Santa Clara website
- Santa Clara Vanguard
- Santa Clara Aerial Shot
- Santa Clara Free Wi-Fi