Saqlain Mushtaq

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Saqlain Mushtaq
Personal information
Full name Saqlain Mushtaq
Born (1976-12-29) 29 December 1976 (age 37)
Lahore, Pakistan
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Right arm off break
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 134) 8 September 1995 v Sri Lanka
Last Test 1 April 2004 v India
ODI debut (cap 103) 29 September 1995 v Sri Lanka
Last ODI 7 October 2003 v South Africa
Domestic team information
Years Team
1994–2004 Pakistan Intl. Airlines
1994–1998 Islamabad
1997–2008 Surrey
2003–2004 Lahore
2007 Sussex
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC LA
Matches 49 169 194 323
Runs scored 927 711 3,405 1,339
Batting average 14.48 11.85 16.69 11.64
100s/50s 1/2 0/0 1/14 0/0
Top score 101* 37* 101* 38*
Balls bowled 14,070 8,770 44,634 16,062
Wickets 208 288 833 478
Bowling average 29.83 21.78 23.56 23.55
5 wickets in innings 13 6 60 7
10 wickets in match 3 n/a 15 n/a
Best bowling 8/164 5/20 8/65 5/20
Catches/stumpings 15/– 40/– 67/– 80/–
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 8 December 2009

Saqlain Mushtaq (Urdu: ثقلین مشتاق) (born 29 December 1976) is a Pakistani cricketer.1 He is best known for pioneering the "doosra", which he employed to great effect during his career. Saqlain has not been active in international cricket since 2004. A right-arm off break bowler, Saqlain played 49 Test matches and 169 One Day Internationals (ODIs) for Pakistan, between 1995 and 2004. He took 208 Test and 288 ODIs wickets.2 He also scored Test Match century, against New Zealand, in March 2001.3 Saqlain was the quickest bowler in history of ODI to reach 100 wickets.4

Early life

Saqlain was born on 29 December 1976, in Lahore to a government clerk. He has two elder brothers, Sibtain, who also played first-class cricket for Lahore, and Zulqurnain. Saqlain played for Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental (MAO) college for three years and college won the Championship each year.24 Saqlain never played cricket at school level, but start paying cricket in Zariff Memorial Club Second Eleven when he was only 13. He always wanted to be an off-spinner: " I never wanted to be a quick bowler. I was very skinny and never had too much strength in the body."4 Saqlain was coached by his brothers, and Ahmed Hassan at the club level. At the age of 14 and went to the MAO College where he was coached by Mumtaz Akhtar Butt. He played for the college and won the championship for three consecutive years.4

Domestic career

Saqlain started his first-class career in 1994–95 at the age of 17. In his first season, he took 52 wickets, and was selected to play for Pakistan A in a one-day tournament at Dhaka. In September 1995, he got international recognition, taking seven wickets for the PCB Patron's Eleven against the visiting Sri Lankans. Former Pakistan captain Wasim Akram said about him that he was "the greatest off-spinner he has seen" and "as aggressive as a fast bowler, not afraid of getting hit, and has this total belief in himself."4

Saqlain represented Surrey for eight successive seasons, from 1997 to 2004. However, his time was interrupted there, and his international career with Pakistan effectively ended in 2004.5 In August 2005, he played his first match against Bangladesh A after recovering from injury, and took 4–87 from 35 overs bowling over two innings.6 However that same week, in his return to the County Championship, he conceded 110 off 28 overs against Gloucestershire, taking just one wicket.7

In February 2006, he signed for Ireland for the C&G Trophy, along with team mate Abdul Razzaq.58 Later in February 2007, Sussex announced that Saqlain had signed a two-year contract with them. His initial requirement was to cover for fellow Pakistanis, Mushtaq Ahmed and Rana Naved-ul-Hasan who were part of Pakistan's World Cup campaign.9 On 26 September 2007, Saqlain was released by the county on his request. On 8 October 2007, Saqlain was re-signed by Surrey.10 On 28 October, according to Cricinfo, he was released by Surrey.

In April 2009, he joined Old Whigiftians CC11 to play in the Surrey Championship. He took 64 wickets in his first season, including five 5 wicket hauls to earn Whits promotion to the first division. He was also involved in the youth game setup. In 2010, after relocating to Leicestershire, he joined Syston Town Cricket Club, playing in the Everards County League.12 In late 2010, he was training in Taunton at the facilities of Somerset County Cricket Club, whom he has now joined as a temporary spin-bowling coach for the 2011 Caribbean Twenty20 competition.13 On 11 April 2013, it was announced that Saqlain would be joining Birmingham League Division Three Side Evesham for the 2013 Season.14

International career

Test career

Saqlain made his Test debut in September 1995 playing against Sri Lanka at Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar.2 He picked up four wickets at an average of 26.75 in the match,15 and accumulated nine wickets in the series playing in two Tests.16 His next remarkable series was against the same team, where he topped the list of highest wicket takers, with 14 in two Tests,17 including nine wickets in the first match of the series.18 Six month later, he took a five-wicket haul against South Africa at the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium—first Test of the home series.19 In the next home series, against West Indies, he played in the third Test at the National Stadium, Karachi. He took nine wickets for 80 runs earning him the man of the match award, and ensured Pakistan's clean sweep against the touring side.20 His next prominent performance was against Zimbabwe at the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore, where he claimed a five-wicket haul.21

The highlight of his Test career came in the away series against India in 1999, where he achieved his first ten wicket haul in a Test match. He took five-wicket hauls in the both innings of the match,22 In the first Test, with India needing only 17 runs to win, Saqlain effectively sealed Pakistan's win by taking the wicket of Sachin Tendulkar who had scored 136.23 In the second Test of the series at the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, Delhi, he once again took five-wicket hauls in the both innings, but could not prevent the defeat.24 He ended the series with 20 wickets at an average of 20.15, which earned him the man of the series award.2526

In November 1999, when Pakistan toured Australia, he took 10 wickets in two Test matches, including six wickets for 46 runs in Hobart.2728 In the Pakistan's tour to the West Indies in 2000, he was inaffective taking only six wickets in five innings which included five for 121 at the Kensington Oval.29 His career-best bowling in an innings came in November 2000, against England at the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore, in a match in which he took 8 wickets for 164 runs in the first innings. The performance earned a man of the match award for him.30 He was the highest wicket taker of the serie accumulating 18 wickets with an average of 23.94.31 In the 2001–02 season, Saqlain took seven wickets against Bangladesh.32 In the 2002–03 season, he took 15 wickets against Zimbabwe at their home; averaging 21.53, he was the highest wicket taker of the series.33

Saqlain played 49 Test matches for Pakistan during 1995 and 2004, and accumulated 208 wickets with an average of 29.83. He took 13 five-wicket hauls and three ten-wicket hauls, and his best performance for an innings remained 10 wickets for 155 runs.2 As a batsman, he scored 927 runs with the average of 14.48, including a century and two fifties.2 His highest score in the format was 101 not out against New Zealand at the Jade Stadium, Christchurch.34

One Day International career

Saqlain made his One Day International (ODI) debut in September 1995 against Sri Lanka at the Municipal Stadium, Gujranwala. He could not take any wicket, but Pakistan won the match by 9 wickets.35 His first match winning performance came against same team in the final match of 1996 Singer Cup. He took 3 wickets in the match.36 His career-best bowling figure in this format is 5 wickets for 20 runs against England at the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, in October 2000.37 He took five-wicket hauls in ODIs on six occasions.38

Playing style

Saqlain is credited with the invention of the "doosra", an off-spinner's delivery which is bowled with an action very similar to that of an off-break.5 However, it spins in the opposite direction (i.e. from the leg side to the off side), easily confusing batsmen, making it a very effective weapon.39 Saqlain became well known for this variation ball, which was integral to his success, although he received criticism for overusing it.2 Other bowlers like Shoaib Malik, Saeed Ajmal, Muttiah Muralitharan, Ajantha Mendis, Johan Botha and Harbhajan Singh also used this delivery in international cricket.

During his time at Surrey, Saqlain worked on developing new deliveries which he called the "teesra" which means "third one" and the "chotha".40 He used the teesra in the Indian Cricket League (ICL) while playing for Lahore Badshahs. Russel Arnold of Sri Lanka was the first player to face the teesra. He was also the first batsman to get out from a teesra as well. However little else is known about these deliveries.41 Later, this delivery was used by Saeed Ajmal against England in 2012.42

His other variation was the arm ball, which again uses a similar grip as the off-break, but imparts a back-spin instead of a side-spin, and causes the ball to go straight on without turning.

Personal life

After marrying a British citizen,43 Saqlain gained a British passport.

Records and achievements

  • Was the fastest to reach the milestones of 100, 150, 200 and 250 wickets in ODIs.44
  • He holds the record for the most wickets in a calendar year in ODIs-69 wickets in 1997. he is also second in this elite list with 65 wickets in 1996 48

Awards

Key

General

  • Season – Year during which the series was played
  • Mat – Number of matches played

Batting

Bowling

Fielding

Test Awards

Player of the series awards49
General Batting Bowling Fielding Refs
No. Season Against Mat Runs HS 100 Avg Wkt BBI Avg 5wI Ca St
01 1998–99  India 2 4 2 0 1.00 20 5/93 20.15 4 1 0 5051
02 2002–03  Zimbabwe 2 45 29* 0 22.50 15 7/66 21.53 1 0 0 5253
Player of the match awards54
No. Date Against Venue Runs Wkt Runs Conc. Ca St Ref
01 19 April 1997  Sri Lanka R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo 58 9 226 1 0 55
02 6 December 1997  West Indies National Stadium, Karachi 0 9 80 0 0 56
03 15 November 2000  England Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 32 9 178 1 0 57

ODI Awards

Bowler of the series awards58
General Batting Bowling Fielding Ref
No. Season Participants Mat Runs HS 100 Avg Wkt BBI Avg 5wI Ca St
01 1997–98  Pakistan  Sri Lanka and  Zimbabwe 3 11 9 0 11.00 9 4/25 12.88 0 2 0

References

  1. ^ a b "All-time W100 ODI Top 10s". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Saqlain Mustaq". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "Pakistan in New Zealand Test Series – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Wisden – Cricketer of the year 2000 – Saqlain Mushtaq". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Saqlain signs for Ireland". ESPNricinfo. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  6. ^ "Surrey v Bangladesh A scorecard". CricketArchive. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Surrey v Gloucestershire scorecard". BBC Sports. 16 August 2005. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Abdul Razzaq signs for Ireland". ESPNricinfo. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Sussex swoop for spinner Saqlain". BBC Sport. 20 February 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Saqlain returns to Surrey". ESPNricinfo. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Old Whitgiftians CC". Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Cricket: Test star Saqlain Mushtaq joins Syston Town". Leicester Mercury. 23 April 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Somerset CCC". SomersetCountyCC. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  14. ^ "Ex-Pakistan star joins Evesham ranks". Evesham ranks. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
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  43. ^ "Saqlain Mushtaq wedding". awamiweb.com. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
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  48. ^ http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/283219.html
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  50. ^ "Pakistan in India Test Series – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
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  54. ^ "Player of the match awards by Saqlain Mushtaq". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
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  56. ^ "West Indies in Pakistan Test Series – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
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