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Scorpio (♏) (Greek: Σκορπιός, Skorpios; Latin: Scorpius) is the eighth astrological sign in the Zodiac. It spans the 210-240th degree of the zodiac, between 207.25 and 234.75 degree of celestial longitude. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this area on average between October 23 and November 22, and under the sidereal zodiac, the sun currently transits the constellation of Scorpius from approximately November 16 to December 15.
Depending on which system of zodiac one subscribes, an individual born under the influence of Scorpio may be called a Scorpio or a Scorpian.1
In Ancient Egypt, Scorpio was the equivalent of the Serpent.2 Serpents were worshiped by ancient Egyptians. In Egypt not only are there serpents of the houses, but each quarter in Cairo had a serpent-guardian (Lane).3
Before the discovery of Pluto in 1930, the planetary ruler of Scorpio was Mars, but modern astrologers tend to use Pluto as the sole ruler.
According to the ancient Greek poet Hesiod, the giant huntsmanOrion went away to the island of Crete to spend his time hunting in company with goddess Artemis and Leto. Orion threatened to kill every beast, which made the goddess of earth, Gaia, angry. To punish him for his arrogance, she sent against him a huge Scorpion which stung Orion to death. At the prayer of Artemis and Leto, Zeus, the ruler of the Olympian gods, put Orion and the Scorpion among the stars as a memorial of him and what had occurred 4
^Oxford Dictionaries. "Scorpio". Definition. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
^Zodiac The Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 ♦ "A Serpent was the Egyptian equivalent of Scorpio."
^"Serpent-Worship" The Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911 ♦ " Serpent-worship in ancient Egypt and other ancient civilizations "
^Pseudo-Hesiod, The Astronomy Fragment 4 (from Pseudo-Eratosthenes Catasterismi 32) (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic 8th or 7th century BC)