Shelby County, Kentucky
|Shelby County, Kentucky|
Shelby County courthouse in Shelbyville, Kentucky.
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|• Total||385.65 sq mi (999 km2)|
|• Land||384.19 sq mi (995 km2)|
|• Water||1.46 sq mi (4 km2), 0.38%|
|• Density||87/sq mi (34/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Shelby County, founded in 1792,1 is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of 2010, the population was 42,074. Its name honors Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky.2 The county seat is Shelbyville.3 The county is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Shelby County was historically a prohibition or completely dry county, but the city of Shelbyville is now wet (i.e., allows retail alcohol sales), and the county has voted to allow restaurants outside Shelbyville to sell alcoholic beverages by the drink if they seat at least 100 patrons and derive at least 70% of their total sales from food. Today, Shelby County is officially classified by the Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control as a moist county.4
Shelby County's motto is "Good Land, Good Living, Good People".
Shelby County was established in 1792 from land given by Jefferson County.5
One of the earliest families to settle in Shelby County was that of Daniel Ketcham of Washington County, Maryland. Ketcham, who arrived in 1784, had been a soldier in the American Revolution. He had 9 children. His oldest, John Ketcham, moved to Indiana, become involved in politics, and laid the groundwork for the creation of Indiana University.
Another early settler was Thomas Mitchell, who also moved to Shelby County in 1784. Mitchell was born on December 16, 1777, in Augusta County, Virginia. He married Rebecca Ketcham, daughter of Daniel Ketcham, and settled near the headwaters of South Fork Clear Creek (or Mulberry Creek). Mitchell was commissioned an ensign in the 18th Regiment of Militia and on January 4, 1801, Governor James Garrard became a captain in the 18th Regiment. Mitchell was a minister of the Methodist Church and served in the War of 1812.6
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 385.65 square miles (998.8 km2), of which 384.19 square miles (995.0 km2) (or 99.62%) is land and 1.46 square miles (3.8 km2) (or 0.38%) is water.7 Jeptha Knob at 1,188 feet (362 m) is the highest point in the Louisville area.
- Henry County (north)
- Franklin County (east)
- Anderson County (southeast)
- Spencer County (southwest)
- Jefferson County (west)
- Oldham County (northwest)
As of the census10 of 2000, there were 33,337 people, 12,104 households, and 9,126 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 per square mile (34 /km2). There were 12,857 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.61% White, 8.83% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.39% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 4.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,104 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.00.
The age distribution was 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,534, and the median income for a family was $52,764. Males had a median income of $35,484 versus $25,492 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,195. About 6.50% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
- Dry county
- Louisville – Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area
- Louisville–Elizabethtown–Scottsburg, KY–IN Combined Statistical Area
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Kentucky
- "Excerpts from the Executive Journal of Governor James Garrod," Kentucky Historical Society Register, vol. 32, p. 133.
- Woodfill, Gabriel, "A Preacher of the Gospel," Marriage Bonds of Shelby County - 1792-1800, Kentucky Marriage Records: From the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Baltimore 1983, p. 693.
- Willis, George L. Sr., History of Shelby County Kentucky, Shelbyville 1929, p. 115.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 37.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Wet & Dry Counties in Kentucky" (PDF). Kentucky Office of Alcoholic Beverage Control. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
- Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
- . (1904-07-20). "MITCHELL FAMILY HISTORY in Virginia and Kentucky". Iamonia.tripod.com. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Visit Shelby County!
- A new 387-acre trails park -- Oct 2010
- Shelby County government
- Shelby County public schools