Solar power in Italy
Italy ranked among the world’s largest producers of electricity from solar power with an installed photovoltaic nameplate capacity of 12,773 MW at the end of 20111 and 330,196 plants in operation as of the end of 2011.2 The total energy produced by solar power in 2011 was 10,730 GWh,1 about 3.2% of the total electricity demand of 332.3 TWh.3 The installed photovoltaic capacity, compared to the previous year, has tripled in 2010 and almost quadrupled in 2011.
As of December 2012, the installed capacity is approaching 17 GW, with a production so important that several gas turbine power plants currently operate at half the their potential during the day. The sector provides employment to about 100,000 people, especially in design and installation.4
The Montalto di Castro Photovoltaic Power Station is the largest photovoltaic power station in Italy, in Montalto di Castro in Viterbo province. The project was built in several phases. The first phase with a total capacity of 24 MW was connected in late 2009. The second phase (8 MW) was commissioned in 2010, and the third and fourth phases, totaling 44 MW, were completed in December 2010, bringing the total to 85 MW.5
As of the end of 2010, there were 155,977 solar PV plants, with a total capacity of 3,469.9 MW.6:24 At the end of 2011, there were 330,196 installations, totaling 12,773 MW.1 The number of plants and the total capacity surged between 2009 and 2011 following high incentives from Conto Energia. The total power capacity installed tripled and plants installed doubled in 2010 compared to 2009, with an increase of plant's average dimensions.6:24 The increase was even greater in 2011.
Energy production from photovoltaics was 1,905.7 GWh in 2010, and 18,800 GWh in 2012.1:207 Annual growth rates were fast in recent years: 251% in 2009, 182% in 2010, and 466% in 2011.6:30 More than a fifth of the total production in 2010 came from the southern region of Apulia.6:30 In 2011, 20% came from Apulia, followed by 10% from Emilia-Romagna.1
The annual energy production from solar PV in Italy ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 kWh per installed kWp.6:23 A 2013 report by Deutsche Bank concluded that solar power has already reached grid parity in Italy.8
|Name of Plant||Peak capacity
|Start of operation|
|Montalto di Castro Photovoltaic Power Station||8511||1912||2009-2010|
|Rovigo Photovoltaic Power Plant||70.6||--||--||2010|
|Serenissima Solar Park||48||--||--||2011|
|Cellino San Marco Solar Park||43||56||14.9||2010|
|Alfonsine Solar Park||36.2||--||--||2010|
|Sant'Alberto Solar Park||34.63||--||--||2010|
|Anguillara PV power plant||15||--||--||2010|
|Priolo PV power plant||13.5||--||--||2010|
|Loreo PV power plant||12.6||--||--||2010|
|Craco PV power plant||12||--||--||2010|
|Manzano PV power plant||11||--||--||2010|
|Gamascia PV power plant13||9.7||--||--||2010|
|Ragusa PV power plant||8.4||--||--||2010|
The 5 MW Archimede solar power plant is a concentrated solar power plant at Priolo Gargallo near Syracuse. The plant was inaugurated on 14 July 2010.141516 It is the first concentrated solar power plant to use molten salt for heat transfer and storage which is integrated with a combined-cycle gas facility.14161718
Major Italian solar companies include:
- Helios Technology
- Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change
- Deployment of solar power to energy grids
- List of renewable energy topics by country
- Renewable energy in Italy
- Solar power in the European Union
- Statistical Report 2011
- Gestore dei Servizi Energetici - GSE S.p.A 
- "Statistics". Terna. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Il fotovoltaico in Italia ha una potenza di 17 GW e dà lavoro a 100mila. Quale futuro senza incentivi?
- eXenewable Project Profile Page - Monalto di Castro, PV, Italy
- "Rapporto Statistico 2010". Statistiche sulle fonti rinnovabili. Gestore Servizi Energetici (GSE). Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Photovoltaic Barometer
- Michael Graham Richard (8 April 2013). "Solar power has reached grid parity in India and Italy". treehugger. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Photovoltaic Energy Barometer
- PV Resources.com (2010). World's largest photovoltaic power plants
- "Montalto di Castro". SMA. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- Solar Park Montalto di Castro
- Real Time Output Display
- Backwell, Ben (2010-07-14). "Enel starts up its Archimede plant in world first for CSP". ReCharge (NHST Media Group). Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- Babington, Deepa (2010-07-14). "Sicily plant offers Italy new impetus on solar front". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- "At Priolo Enel inaugurates the "Archimede" power plant" (Press release). Enel. 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- "ENEL opens "world's first" molten-salt/solar plant". The Engineer (Centaur Media plc.). 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
- Popham, Peter (2007-03-28). "Sicily to build world's first solar power plant". The Independent. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
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