South Gate, California

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South Gate, California
City
City of South Gate
Official seal of South Gate, California
Seal
Location of South Gate in Los Angeles County, California
Location of South Gate in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 33°56′39″N 118°11′42″W / 33.94417°N 118.19500°W / 33.94417; -118.19500Coordinates: 33°56′39″N 118°11′42″W / 33.94417°N 118.19500°W / 33.94417; -118.19500
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) January 20, 19231
Government
 • Mayor Henry C Gonzalez2
Area3
 • Total 7.353 sq mi (19.044 km2)
 • Land 7.236 sq mi (18.742 km2)
 • Water 0.117 sq mi (0.303 km2)  1.59%
Elevation 120 ft (37 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 94,396
 • Density 13,000/sq mi (5,000/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 902804
Area code(s) 3235/ 562
FIPS code 06-73080
GNIS feature ID 1652795
Website sogate.org

South Gate is the seventeenth largest city in Los Angeles County, California, with 7.4 square miles (19 km2). South Gate is located 7 miles (11 km) southeast of downtown Los Angeles6 It is part of the Gateway Cities region of southeastern Los Angeles County.

As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 94,396.7

The city was incorporated on January 20, 1923,8 and it became known as the "Azalea City" when it adopted the flower as its symbol in 1965.9

In 1990, South Gate was one of ten U.S. communities to receive the All-America City Award from the National Civic League.10

History

Native Americans

The South Gate area was inhabited by the Gabrielino/Tongva Indians before development by Spanish ranchers.

Exploration

In the summer of 1769, a group of Spanish explorers set out from the coast of San Diego to explore the uncharted territory between San Diego and the Bay of Monterey. With them was Father Juan Crespi, considered by historians to be one of the great diarists of the New World explorations. His daily entries were remarkably revealing of the country through which the caravan passed. The explorers proceeded in the general direction of the San Gabriel Valley, across the Los Angeles River, which Crespi named "Porciuncula" on August 2, 1769.

Land grants

Among the early Spanish settlers was one of California’s first families, the Lugos. The Lugo land grant encompassed a great part of what is now the City of South Gate.

While Francisco Lugo was stationed at Mission San Antonio de Padua near Salinas, California, his first California son, Antonio Maria Lugo was born in 1775.11 That son became Don Antonio Maria Lugo, Spanish aristocrat and soldier, who settled on 30,000 acres (120 km2) of land that encompasses what is now the City of South Gate. In 1810, the King of Spain formally granted the land to Lugo as a reward for his and his father's military service.11 Rancho San Antonio extended from the low range of hills which separated it from the San Gabriel Valley to the old Dominguez Ranch at its south, and from the eastern boundary of the pueblo of Los Angeles to the San Gabriel River. Lugo also became the mayor of Los Angeles, from 1816 to 1819,12

A little more than 100 years after the establishment of the Lugo Land Grant, the area at the south gate of the ranch became the City of South Gate. As Don Lugo's family grew, he obtained San Bernardino Rancho and other grants in his children's names.

The future South Gate site and adjacent mesas presented a colorful spectacle when countless heads of cattle and horses were herded from all directions to a common point for the annual great spring rodeo. Lugo would direct the proceedings and settle disputes regarding ownership of contested animals as well as adjudicate agricultural disputes. In his saddle, he was the court and the plains his courtroom.citation needed

Don Antonio's son Vincente (1820–1889) built his adobe dwelling in the 1850s on 5.5 acres (22,000 m2). It is known as Lugo Ranch, and is situated on modern day Gage Avenue in the City of Bell Gardens.13

Tracts

Before the end of the 1870s, much of the original land grant had been replaced by tracts of 40-acre (160,000 m2). By 1880, cattle raising had been replaced by agriculture as the most important local industry. During the years between 1910 and 1940, most of the agricultural land was replaced by homes and factories.13

Tweedy family

The R.D. Tweedy family played an important part in South Gate's history. Tweedy was born in 1812 in Illinois and came to California by ox-drawn cart in 1852. Mrs. Tweedy rode across the prairies perched on her rocking chair in the cart. The family was large, and several generations have lived in this city. The family members bought some 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of the land on which much of South Gate was built. The "downtown business district" in South Gate was named after the family and is known as the Tweedy Mile.13

Naming

The city was named in 1918 after the South Gate Gardens on the Cudahy Ranch.14 The city was incorporated five years later, in 1923, using the shortened form of the name.14 The name refers to the city's being south of Los Angeles.14

Geography

South Gate is located at 33°56′39″N 118°11′42″W / 33.94417°N 118.19500°W / 33.94417; -118.19500 (33.944264, -118.194903).15

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19 km2). 7.2 square miles (19 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it is water. The total area is 1.59% water.

The Los Angeles River runs through the eastern part of South Gate.

Climate

South Gate has a semi-arid Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot, dry summers. The average annual precipitation is 14.8 inches (380 mm) per year with most occurring between November and April. Temperatures range from a low of 40 °F (4 °C) to a high of 110 °F (43 °C). The average daily temperatures range from 60 °F (16 °C) to 90 °F (32 °C).citation needed

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 19,632
1940 26,945 37.3%
1950 51,116 89.7%
1960 53,831 5.3%
1970 56,909 5.7%
1980 66,784 17.4%
1990 86,284 29.2%
2000 96,375 11.7%
2010 94,396 −2.1%
source:16

2010

The 2010 United States Census17 reported that South Gate had a population of 94,396. The population density was 12,837.6 people per square mile (4,956.6/km²). The racial makeup of South Gate was 47,645 (50.5%) White, 3,209 (3.4%) Non-Hispanic White, 890 (0.9%) African American, 878 (0.9%) Native American, 732 (0.8%) Asian, 99 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 40,624 (43.0%) from other races, and 3,528 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 89,442 persons (94.8%).

The Census reported that 94,308 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 16 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 72 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 23,278 households, out of which 13,805 (59.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,183 (56.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,706 (20.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,261 (9.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,879 (8.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 134 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,292 households (9.8%) were made up of individuals and 996 (4.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.05. There were 20,150 families (86.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.24.

The population was spread out with 29,374 people (31.1%) under the age of 18, 11,298 people (12.0%) aged 18 to 24, 28,039 people (29.7%) aged 25 to 44, 19,062 people (20.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,623 people (7.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

There were 24,160 housing units at an average density of 3,285.7 per square mile (1,268.6/km²), of which 10,658 (45.8%) were owner-occupied, and 12,620 (54.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.6%. 46,665 people (49.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 47,643 people (50.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, South Gate had a median household income of $41,851, with 20.6% of the population living below the federal poverty line. 18

2000

As of the 2000 census, there were 96,375 people, 23,213 households, and 20,063 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,084.6 per square mile (5,052.0/km²). There are 24,269 housing units at an average density of 3,294.9 per square mile (1,271.4/km²).19

The racial makeup of the city was 41.6% White (0.78% White Non-Hispanic), 1.2% Black or African-American, 0.9% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.8% Asian and 51% some other race (mostly Mestizo).20 92% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.21

There are 23,213 households out of which 58.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% are married couples living together, 18.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 13.6% are non-families. 10.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 4.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 4.15 and the average family size is 4.37. In the city the population is spread out with 35.6% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 14.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $35,695, and the median income for a family is $35,789. Males have a median income of $25,350 versus $19,978 for females. The per capita income for the city is $10,602. 19.2% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.2% of those under the age of 18 and 12.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Religion

There are approximately 40 churches located in the City representing a variety of religious denominations. 58.08% of the people in South Gate, CA are religious, meaning they affiliate with a religion. 39.99% are Catholic; 6.75% are Protestant; 1.04% are LDS; 3.33% are another Christian faith; 5.93% in South Gate, CA are Jewish; 0.07% are an eastern faith; 0.98% affiliate with Islam.22

Demographics history

South Gate developed during the 1920s and 1930s as an industrial city (primarily in "metal-bashing" industries) and its blue-collar community was predominantly non-Hispanic white.

During the 1940s and 1950s, South Gate was one of the most fiercely segregationist cities in Southern California. Gangs of white youths were known to prowl the streets looking for blacks who dared to cross over from neighboring Watts. One of the most infamous clubs of the area at that time was the "Spook Hunters".

Since the 1970s, South Gate has had a large Hispanic community, which became dominant in the 1990s as working-class Hispanics and immigrant Latin American families filled the vacuum left by white flight.23

These were the ten cities or neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Latino residents, according to the 2000 census:§ 1

  1. ^ [1] "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times

Economy

As of June 2009, California's EDD lists the unemployment rate in South Gate as 14.4%, with negative job growth. The California State Board of Equalization lists South Gate's sale tax rate as 10.75%. The income per capita is $11,566, which includes all adults and children. The median household income is $41,064.24

South Gate's commercial activity is concentrated in the following zones:

  • Tweedy Mile (on Tweedy Blvd. from Alameda St to Atlantic Ave.)
  • Firestone Blvd. (from Alameda St. to Garfield Ave.)
  • El Paseo (Corner of Firestone Blvd. and Garfield Ave.)
  • Hollydale (on Garfield Ave. from I-105 to Imperial Hwy.)

As of April 1, 2009, the City of South Gate imposed a 10.25-percent sales tax (statewide plus local supplementary, which is now 9.75% with the expiration of the temporary tax increase under Proposition 1A), which matches Pico Rivera's sales tax rate as the highest in the State of California.25

On July 9, 2009, the South Gate City Council held a special meeting where a resolution was adopted declaring a fiscal emergency for the City of South Gate. Resolution adopted declaring the City of South Gate in a fiscal emergency.

Government

Local government

City Council

  • Gil Hurtado - Mayor
  • Henry C. Gonzalez - Vice Member
  • W.H. (Bill) De Witt - Council Member
  • María Dávila - Council Member
  • Jorge Morales - Council Member

The City Council consists of five persons elected at large by the residents of South Gate. These Council members serve a four-year term and establish the governing policies and procedures for the city. The Mayor is selected on an annual, rotating basis from among the Council Members.2

City Clerk

  • Carmen Ávalos

The City Clerk in South Gate is an elected position that serves a four-year term. As the official record keeper for the City, the City Clerk is responsible for maintaining all central and legal files, preparing City Council meeting agendas and minutes, conducting municipal elections and assisting the Los Angeles Registrar-Recorder with voter registration.26

City Treasurer

  • Maria Belen Bernal27

Bernal was elected City Treasurer of South Gate on March 24, 2009.

City Manager

  • Michael Flad

Michael Flad was appointed City Manager by the City Council on December 3, 2012. The City Manager is appointed by the City Council to carry out its policies and ensure that the community is served in a responsive manner. Responsible for oversight of all City operations and the delivery of public services, the City Manager works closely with the City's departments in developing policy recommendations and responding to directives of the City Council.2

Political parties

63.10% of the people in South Gate are registered as Democrats. 35.60% are registered Republican. Remaining are independent: 1.30%.24

Scandal and corruption

From 2001 to 2003, then-city treasurer, Albert Robles, along with three accomplices on the city council, accepted bribes and in turn gave taxpayer dollars to friends and relatives to perform city contracts. The three accomplices formed a majority of the five member city council, so they could effectively run the city any way they wanted. For example, in 2002, Robles was arrested on felony threat charges but was appointed by the city council to the deputy city manager position and had his legal bills covered by the city. The city council gave themselves a 2000% pay raise, and cut the pay of city clerk Carmen Avalos by 90%, after she complained about corruption and election fraud in the city to the California State Secretary.28

On January 28, 2003, voters recalled Robles along with his political allies, former Mayor Xochitl Ruvalcaba, former Vice Mayor Raul Moriel, and former city councilwoman Maria Benavides.2930

Robles was convicted of bribery in July 2005.31 In November 2006 he was sentenced to 10 years in federal prison, ordered to pay the city of South Gate $639,000 in restitution, and was immediately put into custody.32

In March 2006, Rudy Navarro, who was elected to replace Albert Robles as city treasurer, was caught making a false statement on his biography as posted on the city's official web site. He claimed that he earned a degree from San Diego State University, when he actually had not completed all the requirements.333435

South Gate's recent political history has been characterized by political observers and editors as having elements of Third World Politics.

The most complete account of the South Gate corruption scandal can be found in journalist Sam Quinones' book, ANTONIO'S GUN AND DELFINO'S DREAM: True Tales of Mexican Migration (Univ. of New Mexico Press, 2007). See www.samquinones.com.363738

Finances

South Gate was $150 million in debt in 2005. In addition, South Gate has one of the highest state and city taxes within California at 10.75%.31

On June 5, 2007, the city reported that it is facing a severe financial crisis.39

County representation

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Whittier Health Center in Whittier, serving South Gate.40

City parks

South Gate offers nine city parks for the enjoyment of its citizens.41

  • South Gate Park covers a total of 96.8 acres (392,000 m2), and is the largest park within the city limits. This park is used to carry out most of the Parks and Recreation Department’s community programs. There are a total of six different facilities at this park, some of which can be rented out for a variety of events. These facilities include the Municipal Auditorium, Girls Club House, 18 hole Golf Course, Senior Recreation Center, Swim Stadium, and Sports Center. The site also features athletic fields, outdoor basketball courts, two playgrounds, tennis courts, a skate park, several shaded areas for picnics, and a Jr. Hockey Rink. The park closes at 10:00 pm.
  • Hollydale Regional Park covers 56.0 acres (227,000 m2), has a playground, tennis courts, a baseball field, soccer fields, a picnic area (groups of 50+ by reservation only), and an Equestrian Center that is also available for rent. The park closes at sunset.
  • Cesar Chavez Park covers 9.0 acres (36,000 m2), has two playgrounds and a pergola. No reservation needed for picnics. The park closes at sunset.
  • Circle Park covers 4.0 acres (16,000 m2), and is a neighborhood park. It has a small playground, a ball field and a grass area. The park closes at sunset.
  • Hollydale Community Park covers 2.2 acres (8,900 m2), it has a playground, outdoor basketball courts, and a Community Center. The park closes at 10:00pm.
  • State Street Park covers 0.8 acres (3,200 m2) and only has a grass fields. is a neighborhood park, No reservation needed for picnics. The park closes at sunset.
  • Gardendale Tot Lot covers 0.45 acres (1,800 m2), and is a neighborhood park. It has a playground and a small grass area. The park closes at sunset.
  • Triangle Park covers 0.3 acres (1,200 m2), has a pergola, a seating area, a bike rack, and a drinking fountain. The park closes at sunset.
  • Stanford Park covers 0.19 acres (770 m2) and is a neighborhood park. It has a playground and a small grass area. The park closes at sunset.

Education

Schools located in South Gate include: 18 public (13 elementary, 3 high school and 2 middle high school) and two parochial schools. Adult Education classes are conducted at both the junior and senior high schools. The City is also served by 3 community colleges (Compton, Cerritos and East Los Angeles—main campus and South Gate satellite) and 3 California State Universities (Dominguez Hills, Long Beach and Los Angeles.)

Public schools

Most of South Gate is served by the Los Angeles Unified School District public school system. A small section of South Gate is served by the Paramount Unified School District and Downey Unified School District.4243

Los Angeles Unified School District

LAUSD primary schools
LAUSD charter schools
LAUSD middle schools
LAUSD high schools

When South East opened, within the City of South Gate, the school's attendance boundary took land formerly zoned to South Gate High School, Huntington Park High School, and David Starr Jordan High School.4950

LAUSD middle and high schools
Paramount Unified School District

Part of South Gate is served by Downey Unified School District.citation needed

Private schools

Private primary schools
  • Lollypop Lane Preschool and Kindergarten
  • Redeemer Lutheran School
  • Saint Helen Elementary School
Private high schools
  • Academia Betel
  • Faith Christian Academy

Continuation schools

  • Odyssey Continuation School

Colleges and universities

Public libraries

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Leland R. Weaver Library at 4035 Tweedy Boulevard and the Hollydale Library at 12000 South Garfield Avenue.5152

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities" (DOC). Retrieved January 18, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b c "City Council | City of South Gate". Sogate.org. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  3. ^ U.S. Census
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved January 18, 2007. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved January 18, 2007. 
  6. ^ .http://www.sogate.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/detail/navid/34/cid/22/.
  7. ^ "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2008 and 2009". California Department of Finance. May 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  8. ^ City history page
  9. ^ "City Information | City of South Gate". Sogate.org. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  10. ^ All-America City: Past Winners
  11. ^ a b "Timeline". Bell.k12.ca.us. Retrieved 2010-07-29. 
  12. ^ http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/foot_prinOn April 6, 2000, the Bell House was dedicated as a California State Historical Resource.ts/Files/lugo_era_history.htm
  13. ^ a b c "South Gate -The Early Years". Sogate.org. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  14. ^ a b c Gudde, Erwin Gustav; William Bright (2004). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names. University of California Press. p. 371. ISBN 978-0-520-24217-3. 
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  17. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  18. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0673080.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "South Gate city, California - QT-P10. Households and Families: 2000". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  20. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "South Gate city, California - QT-P5. Race Alone or in Combination: 2000". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  21. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "South Gate city, California - QT-P9. Hispanic or Latino by Type: 2000". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  22. ^ http://www.bestplaces.net/city/South_Gate-California
  23. ^ "The American Conservative - South Gate: Mexico Comes to California". Amconmag.com. 2003-05-19. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  24. ^ a b "Best Places to Live in South Gate, California". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  25. ^ "California City and County Sales and Use Tax Rates" (PDF). California State Board of Equalization. pp. 15–17. Retrieved April 15, 2009. 
  26. ^ "City Clerk | City of South Gate". Sogate.org. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  27. ^ "City Treasurer | City of South Gate". Sogate.org. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  28. ^ "South Gate: Mexico Comes to California; How an all-American town became a barrio". May 19, 2003, issue (The American Conservative). May 19, 2003. Retrieved December 1, 2006. zip
  29. ^ "County of Los Angeles Department of Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk JANUARY 28, 2003 - SPECIAL ELECTION Final Official Election Returns (Los Angeles County Only)". County of Los Angeles Department of Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk. January 28, 2003. Retrieved December 1, 2006. 
  30. ^ "South Gate Voters Clean House; Ousted Robles Said He May Seek Office Again". KNBC Los Angeles. January 29, 2003. Archived from the original on May 26, 2006. Retrieved December 1, 2006. 
  31. ^ a b Rosenzweig, David (July 29, 2005). "Ex-South Gate treasurer convicted in bribery case". July 29, 2005, issue (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved December 1, 2006. 
  32. ^ Becerra, Hector (November 29, 2006). "Robles sentenced to 10 years; The former South Gate treasurer, convicted of stealing millions from the city, is taken into custody. He insists his power was exaggerated.". November 29, 2006, issue (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved December 2, 2006. dead link
  33. ^ "South gate city treasurer". City of South Gate. Retrieved December 1, 2006. "One of three children, Rudy is proud of the fact that he is the first member of his family to earn a college degree. He chose to attend San Diego State University, where he majored in both Finance and Political Science, with a minor in International Conflict Resolution." dead link
  34. ^ "Treasurer Elected to Help Clean Up South Gate Admits Resume Fib". Cactus Thorns; Irreverent Barbs On Desert Politics. March 20, 2006. Retrieved December 1, 2006. "Rudy Navarro, 26, admitted he did not graduate from San Diego State University as he had claimed on the resume that's posted on the city's Web site, the Los Angeles Times reported Monday. "I don't know what I was thinking. It was stupid," said Navarro, adding that until this week he hadn't even told his parents he had yet to finish college. "Maybe it was the pressure to make myself look better than the previous person. My intention was really to come out and help."" 
  35. ^ "(Unknown article title)". 
  36. ^ Bebitch Jeffe, Sherry (March 2003). "Southgate". March 2004 issue (California Journal). Retrieved December 4, 2006. "Using a strategy reminiscent of old-style Mexican politics, the besieged incumbents began offering their constituents "freebies," including one-month's free trash service, a plan for free medical care out of a new health clinic, and raffles which awarded a new television set to one newly registered voter and a free, new house, offered by the city, to one lucky non-homeowner." dead link
  37. ^ Marosi, Richard (January 25, 2003). "The Freebies Pile Up as South Gate Goes to Polls ; Some residents say the city's largess before a recall vote resembles the graft they saw in Mexico.". January 25, 2003, issue (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved December 4, 2006. "Have Third World politics come to South Gate? As three council members and the treasurer face a closely watched recall election Tuesday, many residents say the answer is yes... If the recall targets prevail, residents and political observers say, South Gate-style politics could spread to other Latino- majority communities, since candidates like to lift pages from other successful politicians' playbooks." 
  38. ^ Anderson, Jeffrey (February 21, 2007). "The Town the Law Forgot". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2007. 
  39. ^ http://www.sogate.org/news/index.cfm/fuseaction/story/ID/26/
  40. ^ "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  41. ^ "Parks and Facilities | City of South Gate". Sogate.org. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  42. ^ "Hollydale Elementary School - South Gate, CA - school overview". Retrieved December 27, 2006. 
  43. ^ "PUSD: Schools : Hollydale". Archived from the original on February 2, 2006. Retrieved December 27, 2006. 
  44. ^ "LAUSD Facilities Services Division: Project Details: South Gate New ES #6, 47.08402". 
  45. ^ "LAUSD Facilities Services Division: Project Details: Stanford New PC, 47.07402". 
  46. ^ "LAUSD Facilities Services Division: Project Details: South Gate New ES #7, 55.98027". 
  47. ^ "LAUSD Facilities Services Division: Project Details: Southeast Area New MS #3, 55.98028". 
  48. ^ "LAUSD Facilities Services Division: Project Details: Southeast Area New HS #2, 55.98034". 
  49. ^ "Proposed Changes to South East HS Area Schools" (Archive). Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
  50. ^ "South Gate city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 24, 2010.
  51. ^ "Leland R. Weaver Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  52. ^ "Hollydale Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  53. ^ "Don Bandy". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Don Horn". databaseFootball.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  55. ^ "Dave Huppert Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  56. ^ "Lorenzo Romar". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 

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