South Kalimantan

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South Kalimantan
Kalimantan Selatan
Province
Official seal of South Kalimantan
Seal
Motto: Haram Manyarah Waja Sampai Kaputing (Banjarese)
(Spirit as strong as steel from the start until the end)
Location of South Kalimantan in Indonesia
Location of South Kalimantan in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°30′S 115°30′E / 2.500°S 115.500°E / -2.500; 115.500Coordinates: 2°30′S 115°30′E / 2.500°S 115.500°E / -2.500; 115.500
Country Indonesia
Capital Banjarmasin
Government
 • Governor Drs. H. Rudi Arifin
Area
 • Total 38,744.23 km2 (14,959.23 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)1
 • Total 3,626,119
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Banjarese (76%), Javanese (13%),
Bugis (12%) 2
 • Religion Islam (96.67%), Protestantism (1.32%), Roman Catholicism (0.44%), Hinduism (0.44%)Buddhism (0.32%), Confucianism (0.01%)
 • Languages Indonesian (official), Banjarese
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Website http://www.kalselprov.go.id
Alabio Duck Monument in Amuntai Town.

South Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Selatan) is a province of Indonesia. It is located in Kalimantan, the Indonesian territory of Borneo. The provincial capital is Banjarmasin. The population of South Kalimantan was recorded at just over 3.625 million people at the 2010 Census.1

One of five Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, it is bordered by the Makassar Strait in the east, Central Kalimantan in the west and north, the Java Sea in the south, and East Kalimantan in the north.

Geography

About three quarters of the province is flat and less than 100m above sea level, while about 8,000 km² are swampland. The Meratus Mountains are situated approximately along the south-western part to the north-eastern part of the province, dividing the flat area into two. Its highest peak is Gunung Besar with 1,892 metres.

The annual rainfall intensity is high, ranging between 2,000 and 3,700 mm. The mean number of rainy days per year is 120. Barito is the main river, used as a transportation route to the northern part of the province and to Central Kalimantan. Other smaller rivers are mostly springing from the Meratus Mountains.

The main natural resources in South Kalimantan are forest and coal. Coal deposits are found over almost the whole province, and in some places they are exploited commercially. Other minor resources are oil, gold, gem stones, quartz sand, phosphate and granite.3

Administration

There are nine regencies and two cities in South Kalimantan as listed below with their populations in 2005 (estimated) and at the 2010 Census,4 together with their administrative capitals:

Name Population
2005 estimate
Population
2010 Census
Capital
Banjarbaru City 152,839 199,359 Banjarbaru
Banjarmasin City 589,115 625,395 Banjarmasin
Balangan Regency 100,466 112,395 Paringin
Banjar Regency 459,748 506,204 Martapura
Barito Kuala Regency 258,682 276,066 Marabahan
Central Hulu Sungai Regency 236,021 243,389 Barabai
Kota Baru Regency 261,104 290,651 Kotabaru
North Hulu Sungai Regency 209,107 209,037 Amuntai
South Hulu Sungai Regency 203,635 212,678 Kandangan
Tabalong Regency 185,889 218,954 Tanjung
Tanah Bumbu Regency 210,287 267,913 Batulicin
Tanah Laut Regency 255,188 296,282 Pelaihari
Tapin Regency 149,332 167,796 Rantau
Total 3,271,413 3,626,119

Economy

In 2010, South Kalimantan's exports grew by 27%, the highest increase among all Indonesian provinces. The province's total exports rank seventh out of all provinces.5

In 2008 the number of visitors to the province was 339,000 of which 21,000 were international visitors, mostly from China, Philippines and India.citation needed

History

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1971 1,699,105 —    
1980 2,064,649 +21.5%
1990 2,597,572 +25.8%
1995 2,893,477 +11.4%
2000 2,985,240 +3.2%
2010 3,626,616 +21.5%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2010

South Kalimantan is the origin of Austronesian peoples who arrived in Madagascar between the 3rd and 10th century, and are most closely related to Dayaks living near the Barito River. Current day peoples of Madagascar largely have origins from this region.

Right after Indonesia's proclamation of independence (17 August 1945), the government under Soekarno and Hatta appointed Ir. H. Pangeran Muhammad Noor as the governor of the whole of Kalimantan on 18 August 1945; its capital was Banjarmasin. Later on, it was decided to divide the area into several provinces. On 7 December 1956, the province of South Kalimantan was formed out of these areas: Kotawaringin, Dayak Besar (Great Dayak), Daerah Banjar (Banjar Region), and the Federation of Southeast Kalimantan. Later on, Pasir regency (a part of the Southeast Kalimantan Federation) was transferred to the province of East Kalimantan instead. Furthermore, on 23 May 1957, Kotawaringin and Dayak Besar removed themselves from South Kalimantan to form their own province, Central Kalimantan.

References

  1. ^ a b Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
  2. ^ "INDONESIA: Population and Administrative Divisions" (PDF). The Permanent Committee on Geographical Names. 2003. 
  3. ^ Hermawan Indrabudi: Forestland: Its dynamics, disorganised uses and planning in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, 2002, ISBN 90-5808-744-1
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ "S. Kalimantan export growth the best in RI". August 13, 2011. 







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