Southeastern United States
Dark red states are almost always included in definitions of the Southeastern United States. Light red states are considered "southeastern" with less frequency.
Southeastern United States, colloquially referred to as the South, is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.
There is no official
Census Bureau definition of the southeastern United States. However, the Association of American Geographers defines the southeastern United States as Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. 1
Most populous states and cities as of 2013
The most populous state in the region is Florida (19,552,860),
followed by Georgia (9,992,167), 2 and North Carolina (9,848,060). 3 4
Jacksonville, Charlotte, Memphis, Washington, and Baltimore are the largest cities in the region by population; Miami, Washington, Atlanta, Tampa and Charlotte are the most populous metropolitan areas in the region.
The predominant culture of the South has its origins with the settlement of the region by
British colonists and African slaves in the 17th century, large groups of English, Scots and Ulster-Scots, Germans, French and Acadia.
This section may contain excessive, poor, or irrelevant examples. (March 2014)
The South has changed dramatically in the last two generations. In recent decades it has seen a boom in its
service economy, manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector. Examples of this include the surge in tourism in Florida and along the Gulf Coast; numerous new automobile production plants such as Mercedes-Benz in Tuscaloosa, Alabama; Hyundai in Montgomery, Alabama; Toyota Motors in Blue Springs, Mississippi; Kia in West Point, Georgia; the BMW production plant in Greer, South Carolina; Volkswagen in Chattanooga, Tennessee; the GM manufacturing plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee; and the Nissan North American headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee; the two largest research parks in the country: Research Triangle Park in the Triangle area of North Carolina (the world's largest) and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama (the world's fourth largest); and the corporate headquarters of major banking corporations Bank of America in Charlotte; Regions Financial Corporation, AmSouth Bancorporation, and BBVA Compass in Birmingham; SunTrust Banks and the district headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta; and BB&T in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. As well as the fortune 500 paper companies Georgia Pacific in Atlanta and International Paper, Verso Paper in Memphis and FedEx which is not a paper company but one of the worlds biggest shipping companies. The region is home many Fortune 500 companies including 20 in Virginia, 16 in Florida, 15 in North Carolina, and 14 in Georgia. This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to boast of some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States. 5 Alabama is also home to a large-scale manufacturing project owned by the German steel megacorporation Thyssen-Krupp, which operates a massive, state-of-the-art facility in the Alabama port city of Mobile.
This section may contain excessive, poor, or irrelevant examples. (November 2013)
The Southeastern United States is home to a number of prominent universities, with several large research universities of longstanding significance which exert some influence beyond the region.
Research Triangle Park, in the Raleigh-Durham urban area of North Carolina, has emerged as a major hub of technology, governmental and biotechnological research and development, as has the Virginia BioTechnology Research Park in Richmond. The Cummings Research Park in the Huntsville, Alabama, area is the second largest research complex in the nation. It is one of the biggest areas of aerospace engineering and missile defense technology. citation needed Huntsville is also home to Redstone Arsenal, United States Army Missile Command, the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and many other key government, military, and aerospace agencies. The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida is the largest laboratory in the world devoted to the study of magnetism. The citation needed University of South Carolina is currently constructing a research campus in downtown Columbia, and the University is the nation’s only National Science Foundation-funded Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells. 6
These are the largest cities in the Southeastern region of the United States by population, according to the
United States Census Bureau: 7
District of Columbia
Largest metropolitan areas
These are the metropolitan areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the
United States Census Bureau's 2012 estimates: 9 10
Beyond Megalopolis by Virginia Tech's Metropolitan Institute, an attempt to update Jean Gottmann's work with current trends, defines two " megapolitan areas" contained within the Southeast, out of a total of ten such areas in the United States:
Two others tie some areas on the margins of the Southeast to urban centers in other regions:
"Gulf Coast" extending as far east as the western tip of Florida
"Northeast" including much of eastern Virginia
District of Columbia / Virginia / Maryland / West Virginia
Miami-Ft Lauderdale-West Palm Beach
North Carolina / South Carolina
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News
Virginia / North Carolina
Tennessee / Mississippi / Arkansas
Kentucky / Indiana
The climate is warm and humid. There are short winters and long hot summers. The area has good soil for growing plants and is known for its large plantations and cash crops.
There are about 2 million
feral pigs in the Southeastern United States. Around 500 thousand of those are in Florida. 11
Coordinates: 35°00′N 85°18′W / 35.0°N 85.3°W