Spanish general election, 1982

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Spanish general election, 1982
Spain
1979 ←
28 October 1982
→ 1986

All 350 seats of the Congress of Deputies and 208 (out of the 254) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies, 128 in the Senate
Turnout 80.0%
Increase12.0 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Felipe González par Claude Truong-Ngoc juillet 2013.jpg Manuel Fraga durante la Transicion (cropped).jpg UCD
Leader Felipe González Manuel Fraga Landelino Lavilla
Party PSOE AP UCD
Leader since 13 October 1974 9 October 1976 13 July 19821
Last election 121 C & 67 S
30.4%
10 C & 3 S
6.0%
168 C & 118 S
34.8%
Seats won
202 / 350
157 / 254
107 / 350
67 / 254
11 / 350
7 / 254
Seat change Increase81 C
Increase90 S
Increase97 C
Increase64 S
Decrease157 C
Decrease111 S
Popular vote 10,127,392 5,548,108 1,425,094
Percentage 48.1% 26.4% 6.8%
Swing Increase17.7 pp Increase20.4 pp Decrease28.0 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Santiago Carrillo 003.jpg Miquel Roca i Junyent.jpg Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg
Leader Santiago Carrillo Miquel Roca Adolfo Suárez
Party PCE CiU CDS
Leader since 3 July 1960 1980 29 July 1982
Last election 23 C & 1 S
10.8%
8 C & 1 S
2.7%
N/A
Seats won
4 / 350
1 / 254
12 / 350
8 / 254
2 / 350
0 / 254
Seat change Decrease19 C
Steady0 S
Increase4 C
Increase7 S
Increase2 C
Steady0 S
Popular vote 846,515 772,726 604,309
Percentage 4.0% 3.7% 2.9%
Swing Decrease6.8 pp Increase1.0 pp New party

Elecciones generales españolas de 1982 - distribución del voto.svg

Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
UCD

Elected Prime Minister

Felipe González
PSOE

General elections were held in Spain on 28 October 1982.2 The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party emerged as the largest party, winning 202 of the 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 157 of the 227 seats in the Senate.3 The previous governing party, the Union of the Democratic Centre, was decimated, falling from 168 seats to 11—one of the worst defeats ever suffered by a western European governing party. It was replaced as the main non-socialist party by the People's Alliance. Since then, the PSOE and the AP, now known as the People's Party, have been the dominant parties in Spanish politics.

Parties

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) presented two different lists of candidates: with the PSOE contesting most of Spain and the PSC only standing in Catalonia. The Communist Party of Spain also presented a different list of candidates in Catalonia, called the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia.

Results

Congress of Deputies

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party-Socialists' Party of Catalonia[a] 10,127,392 48.11 202 +81
People's Alliance-Democratic Popular Party 5,548,107 26.36 107 +97
Union of the Democratic Centre 1,425,093 6.77 11 –157
Communist Party of Spain-Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia 846,515 4.02 4 –19
Convergence and Union 772,726 3.67 12 +4
Democratic and Social Centre 604,309 2.87 2 New
Basque Nationalist Party 395,656 1.88 8 +1
Herri Batasuna 210,601 1.00 2 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia 138,118 0.66 1 0
New Force 108,746 0.52 0 New
Workers' Socialist Party 103,133 0.49 0 New
Euskadiko Ezkerra-Izquierda para el Socialismo 100,326 0.48 1 0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party 84,474 0.40 0 –5
Socialists' Party of Catalonia 47,249 0.22 0
Gallegan Socialist Party Bloc 38,437 0.18 0 New
Canarian People's Union 35,013 0.17 0 –1
Nationalists of the Left 30,643 0.15 0 New
Spanish Solidarity 28,451 0.14 0 New
Extremadura United 26,148 0.12 0 New
Spanish Communist Workers' Party 25,830 0.12 0 New
Canarian Convergence 25,792 0.12 0 New
Communist Unification of Spain 24,044 0.11 0 New
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist) 23,186 0.11 0 New
Esquerda Galega 22,192 0.11 0 New
Canarian Assembly-Canarian Coordination 18,757 0.09 0 New
Unitat del Poble Valencia 18,516 0.09 0 New
Candidatura de Unidad Comunista 15,632 0.07 0 New
United Left of the Valencian Country 9,302 0.04 0 New
Falangist Movement of Spain 8,976 0.04 0 New
Agrarian Bloc Election Group 8,748 0.04 0 New
PSM Electoral Coalition-Nationalists of the Isles 8,633 0.04 0 New
Socialist Party of Aragon 6,861 0.03 0 New
Valencian Nationalist Left 6,738 0.03 0 New
Socialist Party 6,375 0.03 0 New
Independent Gallegan Electoral Group 5,512 0.03 0 New
Liga Comunista 5,462 0.03 0 New
Electoral Front Coalition Communists of Catalonia 4,900 0.02 0 New
Left Communist Front 3,772 0.02 0 New
Canarian Nationalist Party 3,257 0.02 0 New
Regionalist Party of Leon Country 3,234 0.02 0 New
Conservatives of Catalonia 2,596 0.01 0 New
Falange Española de las Jons 2,528 0.01 0 New
Liberal Democratic Asturian Party 2,493 0.01 0 New
Independents and Emigrants of Galicia 2,236 0.01 0 New
Spanish Rural Party 1,984 0.01 0 0
Falange Española Independiente 1,862 0.01 0 0
Ceutan Nationalist Party 1,785 0.01 0 New
Independent Citizens' Group 1,710 0.01 0 New
Spanish Catholic Movement 1,694 0.01 0 New
Communist Left Electoral Coalition 1,515 0.01 0 New
El Bierzo Party 1,454 0.01 0 New
Canarian Social Democratic Association 1,131 0.01 0 New
Republican Left 610 0.00 0 0
Falange Asturiana 532 0.00 0 New
Carlist Party 224 0.00 0 0
Spanish Agrarian Party 222 0.00 0 New
Partido Proverista 168 0.00 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 517,674
Total 21,469,274 100 350 0
Registered voters/turnout 26,846,940 79.97
Source: Ministry of the Interior

a Of the 202 seats won by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC), the PSOE won 177 and the PSC won 25.4

Senate

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Elected Regional Total
PSOE-PSC 134 23 157 +83
People's Alliance 54 13 67 +64
Union of the Democratic Centre 4 3 7 –112
Basque Nationalist Party 7 2 9 –1
Catalonia to the Senate 7 2 9 +9
Communist Party of Spain 0 1 1 +1
Assembly of the Isle of Fuerteventura 1 0 1 +1
Independents 1 2 3 –2
Invalid/blank votes 386,815
Total 10,052,406 100 208 46 254 +36
Registered voters/turnout 26,846,940 37.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Investiture voting

2 December 1982
Investiture voting for Felipe González Márquez (PSOE)

Absolute majority: 176/350
Vote Parties Votes
YesY Yes PSOE (200), PCE (4), CDS (2), EE (1)
207 / 350
No AP (104), UCD (12)
116 / 350
Abstentions CiU (12), PNV (8), PSOE (1), ERC (1)
22 / 350
2 AP, all 2 HB and 1 PSOE deputy missed the voting.
Source: Historia Electoral

Opinion polls

176 seats needed for a majority
Polling Firm Date Link UCD PSOE PCE AP CiU Others Lead
Election Results 28 October 1982 HTML 6.8%
11
48.1%
202
4.0%
4
26.4%
107
3.7%
12
11.0%
14
21.7%
Exit polls
Sofenasa 16–19 October HTML
7–12

193–217

8–11

87–107

8–9

21–25
1982
Gallup 9 March–5 April HTML 23.6% 42.0% 7.9% 8.9% 18.4%
Gallup 5 January–1 February PDF 25.9% 36.3% 9.1% 9.1% 10.4%
Gallup 8 December–4 January PDF 26.2% 35.5% 9.0% 8.5% 9.3%
1981
Gallup 17 November–7 December PDF 27.4% 34.4% 8.6% 8.7% 7.0%
Gallup 6 October–16 November HTML 28.3% 33.9% 8.6% 8.0% 5.6%
Gallup 8 September–5 October PDF 28.7% 34.7% 8.6% 6.9% 6.0%
Gallup 4 August–7 September PDF 27.7% 33.5% 9.4% 6.8% 5.8%
Gallup 9 June–6 July HTML 25.8% 33.8% 10.4% 8.5% 8.0%
Gallup 20 May–16 June HTML 26.3% 32.7% 10.0% 8.4% 6.4%
Gallup 7 April–4 May PDF 29.6% 29.3% 9.5% 6.6% 0.3%
Gallup 3 March–6 April PDF 30.2% 29.8% 9.8% 5.9% 0.4%
Gallup 4 February–2 March PDF 30.8% 31.9% 10.4% 6.3% 1.1%
Gallup 3 December–6 January PDF 32.0% 31.2% 11.1% 6.0% 0.8%
1980
Gallup 1 October–4 November PDF 31.7% 34.3% 9.7% 5.6% 2.6%
Gallup 4 June–1 July PDF 34.0% 30.8% 10.5% 5.3% 3.2%
Election Results 3 April 1979 HTML 30.6% 28.2% 13.1% 3.0% 3.1% 22.0% 2.4%
Election Results 1 March 1979 HTML 34.8%
168
30.4%
121
10.8%
23
6.1%
10
2.7%
8
15.2%
20
4.4%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Landelino Lavilla fue elegido presidente centrista, con amplios poderes, en medio de una fuerte contestación". El País. 14 July 1982. 
  2. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1817 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp1832-1834
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1832

External links








Creative Commons License