Spencer County, Kentucky
|Spencer County, Kentucky|
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|• Total||191.80 sq mi (497 km2)|
|• Land||185.90 sq mi (481 km2)|
|• Water||5.89 sq mi (15 km2), 3.07%|
|• Density||63/sq mi (24/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Spencer County, founded in 1824,1 is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. It was formed from land from nearby existing counties in 1824. The population was 17,061 in the 2010 Census. Its county seat is Taylorsville.2 The county was named for Spier Spencer. Taylorsville Lake, located primarily within Spencer County, serves as a major economic resource for the area. Spencer was a dry county until 2009 when the county's residents voted to overturn the ban on alcohol sales. From 2000 to 2005, Spencer County ranked 19th out of all U.S. counties in percent growth, with a 33% increase.3 It is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Spencer County was formed in January 1824, by the 32nd Kentucky General Assembly. The land that now makes up Spencer County was taken from Bullitt County, Shelby County, and Nelson County. Spencer County became Kentucky's 77th county. The county was named for Kentucky's Captain Spier Spencer, who fought and died in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 191.80 square miles (496.8 km2), of which 185.90 square miles (481.5 km2) (or 96.92%) is land and 5.89 square miles (15.3 km2) (or 3.07%) is water.6
- Shelby County (north)
- Anderson County (east)
- Nelson County (south)
- Bullitt County (west)
- Jefferson County (northwest)
As of the census9 of 2000, there were 11,766 people, 4,251 households, and 3,358 families residing in the county. The population density was 63 per square mile (24 /km2). There were 4,555 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.50% White, 1.13% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,251 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.90% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.00% were non-families. 17.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,042, and the median income for a family was $52,038. Males had a median income of $36,638 versus $24,196 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,848. About 7.70% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.
Until sometime in the 1950s or early 1960s, small 1-room schoolhouse type schools were scattered across the county for the elementary grades, with a single high school located in Taylorsville. As roads improved and the population increased, these were phased out. Eventually all elementary classes were held in the expanded building that housed the high school in Taylorsville. This building is now known as Taylorsville Elementary. The county continued to grow and the need for a new high school became apparent at the end of the 1970s. Ground was broken in the early 1980s at the site of the new school, just across Brashear's Creek on the north side of town, alongside the newly built highway KY 155/55N. The new high school actually housed grades 7 through 12, and opened in the fall of 1983. The class of 1989 was the first class to complete grades 7-12 in the new facility. By the end of the 1980s, the school had a small addition and during the 1990s a large addition that included a second gym was begun. The new addition was meant to house the middle school grades and give them more separation from the older grades. Until the early 2000s, there were only two public schools in the district: the elementary school (educating grades K-6) and the high school (educating grades 7-12). In 2000, a new elementary school was built, and the district split into a three-school system:
- Spencer County Elementary, housing grades K-5
- Taylorsville Elementary (TES), housing grades K-5
- Spencer County Middle School, housing grades 6-8 in the oldest facility (the former Taylorsville High School, later housing the entire system until 1983)
- Spencer County High School, housing grades 9-12
Due to the fast growth of the county, a new middle school was built in 2004-05, and a second elementary school took residence in what had been the middle school.10
As of 2009, there are five public schools in Spencer County.
- Spencer County High School, located at 520 Taylorsville Road, has an estimated 38 teachers and 880 students. The school building was built in 1982-83. The current principal is Curt Haun.
- Spencer County Middle School, located at 1263 Mount Washington Road adjacent to Spencer County Elementary School, has an estimated 45 teachers and 650 students. The school building was built in 2004-05. The current principal is Ed Downs.
- Spencer County Elementary School, located at 1265 Mount Washington Road, has an estimated 52 teachers and 800+ students. The school building was built in 1999-2000. The current principal is Dale Kleinjan.
- Taylorsville Elementary School, located at 206 Reasor Avenue, has an estimated 25 teachers and 490 students. The school building is the oldest in the district, having been built in 1938. The current principal is Chuck Abell.
- Hillview Academy, located on Main Cross, has an 3 teachers and 48 students. The current principal is Bob Hafendorfer.
- Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area
- Louisville-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Spencer County, Kentucky
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- U.S. Census Bureau
- Spencer County History
- KY:Historical Society - Historical Marker Database - Search for Markers
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Kentucky: Spencer County Public Schools - Home". Publicschools.spencercounty.ky.gov. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- Spencer County and Taylorsville Official Website
- The Spencer Magnet, a local newspaper
- Spencer County Schools