Spengler Cup

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Spengler Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
2013 Spengler Cup
2012 Spengler Cup logo.jpg
Spengler Cup logo
Sport Ice Hockey
Founded 1923
Inaugural season 1923
No. of teams 6 (group stage)
Countries Switzerland (usually HC Davos), Canada, Russia, Germany, Czech Republic, Sweden, various other European countries
Venue(s) Vaillant Arena (Davos, Switzerland)
Most recent champion(s) Switzerland Genève-Servette HC (1)
Most titles Switzerland HC Davos (15)
Qualification Invitation only
TV partner(s) SUI: Schweizer Fernsehen
Europe: Eurosport 2
RUS: RTR Sport
CAN: TSN & RDS
CZE / SVK: Nova Sport
Founder Dr. Carl Spengler
Official website www.spenglercup.ch

The Spengler Cup is an annual ice hockey tournament held in Davos, Switzerland. First held in 1923, the Spengler Cup is often cited as the oldest invitational ice hockey tournament in the world. The event is hosted by the Swiss team HC Davos and played each year in Davos, Switzerland, between Christmas (December 25) and New Year's Day. Currently, all games are held at Vaillant Arena.

It was originally devised by Dr. Carl Spengler as a means to promote teams from German-speaking Europe, who might have suffered ostracism in the aftermath of World War I. Eventually, the tournament grew well beyond expectations. Many of Europe's most prestigious clubs and national programs have appeared, including Soviet, Swedish, Czechoslovak and German powerhouses.

Among non-European organizations, Team Canada, Team USA, nationally ranked NCAA schools, reigning AHL Calder Cup and Ontario Hockey Association champions, and even Team Japan (in 1971 as hosts of the upcoming Sapporo Winter Olympics) have traveled to Davos through the years.

The 2013 Spengler Cup marked the return of a North American league team, the AHL's Rochester Americans, who also were the last such team to take part in 1996.

The most recent Spengler Cup champion is Genève-Servette HC who beat HC CSKA Moscow 5-3 in the final.

The Spengler Cup is broadcast on Schweizer Fernsehen in Switzerland, on Eurosport 2 in most of Europe, on RTR Sport in Russia, on Nova Sport in the Czech Republic and Slovakia and on TSN and RDS in Canada.

History

The former Spengler Cup trophy on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame, Toronto, Canada.

The Cup was first awarded in 1923 to the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club, composed of Canadian students.1 The tournament was then dominated by Czechoslovak and Soviet teams between 1965 and 1983. In 1984 Team Canada began participating and has since won the Cup twelve times. Team Canada is predominantly made up of Canadians playing in Europe, as well as American Hockey League prospects. Notable free agents (like veteran goaltender Curtis Joseph) or coaches without an NHL contract have also used the Spengler Cup to keep their name around.

From its inception until 1978, the tournament was played on an outdoor rink. The outdoor rink still exists outside the indoor arena, and is one of the largest outdoor rinks in the world. Starting in 1978, all tournament games have been played indoors. In 1956, the championship trophy was given its classic and best-known look (pictured left), which stood until a new gold design was unveiled in 2010.citation needed

Temporary reinforcements

A frequent point of contention among hockey observers discussing the Spengler Cup's relevance is the use of temporary reinforcements. Since the tournament is open to both clubs and national teams, a rule exists that allows club teams to hire up to four additional players (three skaters and one goaltender) for the duration of the competition. Prior to the 2010 edition, six reinforcement players (five skaters and a goaltender) were allowed per team. In practice, not all participants choose to take advantage of the rule to the same extent, and it works mostly to the host team's benefit. HC Davos, for whom the event is a significant source of income, tends to upgrade its roster with experienced talent in order to guarantee a competitive performance and maintain high interest from the Swiss audience. Other teams don't have such incentives to reinforce their squad and will often be much less selective.

Spengler Cup winners

Year Winner Runner-up
1923 United Kingdom Oxford University Weimar Republic Berlin SC
1924 Weimar Republic Berlin SC Switzerland HC Davos
1925 United Kingdom Oxford University Switzerland HC Davos
1926 Weimar Republic Berlin SC Switzerland HC Davos
1927 Switzerland HC Davos Weimar Republic Berlin SC
1928 Weimar Republic Berlin SC United Kingdom Cambridge University
1929 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1930 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1931 United Kingdom Oxford University Weimar Republic Berlin SC
1932 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague
United Kingdom Oxford University 1
1933 Switzerland HC Davos French Third Republic Paris Rapides
1934 Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano United Kingdom Oxford University
1935 Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano Switzerland HC Davos
1936 Switzerland HC Davos Czechoslovakia LTC Prague
1937 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1938 Switzerland HC Davos Czechoslovakia LTC Prague
19392
19402
1941 Switzerland HC Davos Nazi Germany Berlin SC
1942 Switzerland HC Davos Switzerland Zürcher SC
1943 Switzerland HC Davos Switzerland Zürcher SC
1944 Switzerland Zürcher SC Switzerland HC Davos
1945 Switzerland Zürcher SC Switzerland HC Davos
1946 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1947 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1948 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
19493
1950 Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano Sweden AIK
1951 Switzerland HC Davos West Germany Preussen Krefeld
1952 Switzerland Zürcher SC West Germany EV Füssen
1953 Italy HC Milano Inter Switzerland HC Davos
1954 Italy HC Milano Inter West Germany EV Füssen
1955 Czechoslovakia Rudá Hvězda Brno Switzerland HC Davos
19564
1957 Switzerland HC Davos Czechoslovakia Rudá Hvězda Brno
1958 Switzerland HC Davos Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano
1959 French Fourth Republic ACBB Paris West Germany EV Füssen
1960 French Fourth Republic ACBB Paris Switzerland HC Davos
1961 French Fourth Republic ACBB Paris West Germany EV Füssen
1962 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague West Germany EV Füssen
1963 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague Austria Klagenfurt AC
1964 West Germany EV Füssen Sweden Modo Hockey
1965 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Sweden VIK Västerås HK
1966 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Belgium CP Liège
1967 Soviet Union Lokomotiv Moscow Canada Kingston Aces
1968 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Sweden Rögle BK
1969 Soviet Union Lokomotiv Moscow Switzerland HC Davos
1970 Soviet Union SKA Leningrad Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1971 Soviet Union SKA Leningrad Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1972 Czechoslovakia HC Slovan Bratislava Soviet Union Torpedo Gorkiy
1973 Czechoslovakia HC Slovan Bratislava Soviet Union Traktor Chelyabinsk
1974 Czechoslovakia HC Slovan Bratislava Poland Team Poland
1975 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Olympic Team Finland Team Finland
1976 Soviet Union USSR B Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia B
1977 Soviet Union SKA Leningrad Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1978 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Sweden AIK
1979 Soviet Union Krylya Sovetov Moscow West Germany Düsseldorf EG
1980 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice
1981 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Switzerland HC Davos
1982 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Soviet Union Spartak Moscow
1983 Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1984 Canada Team Canada Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1985 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Canada Team Canada
1986 Canada Team Canada Soviet Union Sokil Kyiv
1987 Canada Team Canada Soviet Union Krylya Sovetov Moscow
1988 United States USA Selects Canada Team Canada
1989 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Sweden Färjestad BK
1990 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Canada Team Canada
1991 Russia CSKA Moscow Switzerland HC Lugano
1992 Canada Team Canada Sweden Färjestad BK
1993 Sweden Färjestad BK Switzerland HC Davos
1994 Sweden Färjestad BK Switzerland HC Davos
1995 Canada Team Canada Russia HC Lada Togliatti
1996 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
1997 Canada Team Canada Sweden Färjestad BK
1998 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
1999 Germany Kölner Haie Russia Metallurg Magnitogorsk
2000 Switzerland HC Davos Canada Team Canada
2001 Switzerland HC Davos Canada Team Canada
2002 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
2003 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
2004 Switzerland HC Davos Czech Republic Sparta Prague
2005 Russia Metallurg Magnitogorsk Canada Team Canada
2006 Switzerland HC Davos Canada Team Canada
2007 Canada Team Canada Russia Salavat Yulaev Ufa
2008 Russia Dynamo Moscow Canada Team Canada
2009 Belarus Dinamo Minsk Switzerland HC Davos
2010 Russia SKA Saint Petersburg Canada Team Canada
2011 Switzerland HC Davos Latvia Dinamo Riga
2012 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
2013 Switzerland Genève-Servette HC Russia CSKA Moscow
2014
1 Oxford University and LTC Prague play 0–0 after overtime. Both teams are declared winners.
2 Cup not held due to World War II.
3 Cup not held.
4 Cup not held.2

Performances

By club

Performance in the Spengler Cup by club
Club Won Runner-up Years won Years runner-up
Switzerland HC Davos 15 25 1927, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1951, 1957, 1958, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2011 1924, 1925, 1926, 1929, 1930, 1935, 1937, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1960, 1969, 1981, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2012
Canada Team Canada 12 9 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012 1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010
Czech Republic LTC Prague 7 2 1929, 1930, 1932, 1937, 1946, 1947, 1948 1936, 1938
Czech Republic Dukla Jihlava 5 5 1965, 1966, 1968, 1978, 1982 1970, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1984
Russia Spartak Moscow 5 1 1980, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1990 1982
United Kingdom Oxford University 4 1 1923, 1925, 1931, 1932 1934
Russia SKA Leningrad /
SKA Saint Petersburg
4 0 1970, 1971, 1977, 2010
Germany Berlin SC 3 4 1924, 1926, 1928 1923, 1927, 1931, 1941
Switzerland Zürcher SC 3 2 1944, 1945, 1952 1942, 1943
Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano 3 1 1934, 1935, 1950 1958
France ACBB Paris 3 0 1959, 1960, 1961
Slovakia HC Slovan Bratislava1 3 0 1972, 1973, 1974
Sweden Färjestad BK 2 3 1993, 1994 1989, 1992, 1997
Czech Republic Sparta Prague 2 1 1962, 1963 2004
Italy HC Milano Inter 2 0 1953, 1954
Russia Lokomotiv Moscow 2 0 1967, 1969
Russia Dynamo Moscow 2 0 1983, 2008
Germany EV Füssen 1 5 1964 1952, 1954, 1959, 1961, 1962
Czech Republic Rudá Hvězda Brno 1 1 1955 1957
Russia Krylya Sovetov Moscow 1 1 1979 1987
Russia Metallurg Magnitogorsk 1 1 2005 1999
Russia CSKA Moscow 1 1 1991 2013
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Olympic Team 1 0 1975
Soviet Union USSR B 1 0 1976
United States USA Selects 1 0 1988
Germany Kölner Haie 1 0 1999
Belarus Dinamo Minsk 1 0 2009
Switzerland Genève-Servette HC 1 0 2013 -
Sweden AIK 0 2 1950, 1978
United Kingdom Cambridge University 0 1 1928
France Paris Rapides 0 1 1933
Germany Preussen Krefeld 0 1 1951
Austria Klagenfurt AC 0 1 1963
Sweden Modo Hockey 0 1 1964
Sweden VIK Västerås HK 0 1 1965
Belgium CP Liège 0 1 1966
Canada Kingston Aces 0 1 1967
Sweden Rögle BK 0 1 1968
Russia Torpedo Gorkiy 0 1 1972
Russia Traktor Chelyabinsk 0 1 1973
Poland Team Poland 0 1 1974
Finland Team Finland 0 1 1975
Czech Republic TJ Vítkovice 0 1 1980
Ukraine Sokil Kyiv2 0 1 1986
Switzerland HC Lugano 0 1 1991
Russia HC Lada Togliatti 0 1 1995
Russia Salavat Yulaev Ufa 0 1 2007
Latvia Dinamo Riga 0 1 2011
1 Slovakia was a part of Czechoslovakia at the time, so HC Slovan Bratislava represented both Czechoslovakia and the Slovak Socialist Republic
2 Ukraine was a Soviet republic at the time, so Sokil Kyiv represented both the Soviet Union and Soviet Ukraine

By nation

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up
  Switzerland 19 28
 Czechoslovakia1 16 10
 Soviet Union2 13 5
 Canada 12 10
 Germany3 5 12
 Italy 5 1
 Russia4 4 4
 United Kingdom 4 2
 France 3 1
 Sweden 2 8
 Belarus 1 0
 United States 1 0
 Austria 0 1
 Belgium 0 1
 Finland 0 1
 Latvia 0 1
 Poland 0 1
1 Includes hockey clubs from the First Czechoslovak Republic, the Third Czechoslovak Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the last Czech and Slovak Federal Republic based in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, and Czechoslovak national teams.
2 Includes hockey clubs from today's Russia and Ukraine, and Soviet national teams.
3 Includes hockey clubs from the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, Allied-occupied Germany, West Germany, and today's Bundesrepublik.
4 Includes CSKA Moscow's Cup win in 1991.

References

  1. ^ The Isis, 23 Jan. 1924, page 19. (Future Prime Minister of Canada Lester Pearson was a member of the Oxford University team in the spring of 1923; however, he returned to Canada in the summer of 1923 and therefore did not compete in the first Spengler Cup played at the end of December 1923 and early January 1924. See: Pearson, Lester B. Mike : The Memoirs of the Right Honourable Lester B. Pearson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972, page 50.)
  2. ^ SpenglerCup.ch

External links

Media related to Spengler Cup at Wikimedia Commons








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