St Peter's College, Auckland

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St Peter's College
Stpetersauckland.jpg
St Peter's College, Auckland; Bro O'Driscoll Building.JPG
St Peter's College, Bro O'Driscoll Building (opened in 1939, with additions in 1944)
To Love and To Serve
(Amare et Servire)
Address
23 Mountain Road
Grafton
Auckland 1023
New Zealand

Coordinates 36°52′3″S 174°46′8″E / 36.86750°S 174.76889°E / -36.86750; 174.76889Coordinates: 36°52′3″S 174°46′8″E / 36.86750°S 174.76889°E / -36.86750; 174.76889
Information
Type State Integrated Catholic Boys Secondary (Year 7-13)
Established 1939 (original schools founded 1841 and 1857)
Ministry of Education Institution no. 62
Headmaster K. F. Fouhy
School roll 13261 (March 2014)
Socio-economic decile 82
Website

St Peter's College is a Catholic secondary school for boys, located in Auckland, New Zealand, in the central city suburb of Grafton. With a roll of over 1300, the school is one of the largest Catholic schools in New Zealand.3 St Peter's College was established in 1939 as a successor of Auckland's earliest school, originally founded in 1841 and of St Peter's School founded in 1857.45 The Outhwaite family, who arrived in newly founded Auckland in 1841 and who acquired the land soon after, donated the site of the college.6 The Christian Brothers provided staff for the college for 70 years. It is now staffed by lay teachers, as were the earlier schools. St Peter's College is the oldest Catholic boys' school in Auckland still on its original site, and with its original name.7 For nearly 50 years, St Peter's College had direct access to its own adjacent railway station, specifically created for the college and at first generally known as the "St Peter's College station".

St Peter's College is regarded as one of the top academic schools in New Zealand on the basis of its CIE and NCEA results and its benchmarking against comparable schools around the world.8

History

The original schools

Mr Powell's School (1841)

Auckland's first school of any sort was a Catholic school for boys.9 Its first classes were held on 27 September 1841.4 It was set up by Catholic laymen of Auckland following the first visit of Bishop Pompallier.5 The teacher was Edmund Powell (who was a leading layman also involved in building St Patrick's Church (soon to be Cathedral)), and classes were first held in his own residence in Shortland Crescent (later renamed Shortland Street) on 27 September 1841. This school appears to have existed only for a short time.4

St Peter's School (1857-1885)

In 1857, St Peter's School (also called St Peter's Boys' School, St Peter's Roman Catholic Boys' School, St Peter's Select School or (possibly) the Catholic High School) was formally established by prominent laymen as Auckland's first Catholic secondary school for boys.510 One of the donors to the school was Logan Campbell.11 In the foundation year Bishop Pompallier prepared a list of church schools for the Government and for "propaganda" which stated: "St Peter's Select School is established for the more advanced boys. The Greek, Latin, French, Italian and German languages are taught in it, also Geometry, Mensuration, Arithmetic, Geography, English Grammar etc ... Terms per Annum 12.0.0 for each pupil."10 The school had a Board of Governors composed of the promoters, such as the Member of Parliament, Patrick Dignan. St Peter's then existed in a schoolroom built in Hobson St near St Patrick's Cathedral.5 The most significant early teacher was Richard O'Sullivan who was the founding teacher of the school.12 Amongst his students were John Sheehan, Joseph Tole, Peter Dignan and Charles and William Outhwaite.

Bishop Pompallier made an annual inspection of the school (as he did of other Catholic schools in Auckland). On 16 December 1864 he visited the school along with the McDonald brothers and Father Hugo Hermann and many parents. The proceedings were commenced by an address "to the Right Reverend Dr Pompallier, Bishop of Auckland", delivered by a pupil, Laurence Lorigan, on behalf of all the pupil's in the following terms:

My Lord, - We beg leave to thank your lordship for presiding at this, our first examination, and we trust that the progress which we have made in out studies will meet with your approval, and also of our parents. We feel assured that your lordship's approbation will prove a stimulus to our future exertions, and that next Christmas (with God's blessing) will find us much further advanced, not only in our secular studies, but in the great study you so strongly recommended to our attention on your late visit, namely - 'the study of God's laws and those of the Church.' We conclude, begging your lordship's apostolic benediction, and wishing you a merry Christmas and many happy New Years. Signed on behalf of the pupils of St Peter's School. Laurence Lorigan.

The bishop replied "in very appropriate terms, inculcating in his usually zealous manner, the principles of religion. In this school ... merit received its reward at the hands of the Bishop."13

Earlier in 1864, St Peter's School gave an address to Bishop Pompallier on his feast day, the feast of St John the Baptist. That address was delivered by Martin Maher on behalf of the pupils.14

St Peter's School was also prominent in St Patrick's Day celebrations. On Friday 17 March 1865, St Peter's boys together with pupils of other Catholic schools began their celebrations with a Pontifical High Mass whose principal celebrant was Bishop Pompallier, in the Cathedral. After addresses to the Bishop, the pupils went to the "paddocks" of Peter Grace Esq where "the sports for the youths consisted of feats of bat and ball, football etc. etc. A very spirited cricket match came off between 11 students of St Francis de Sales School [(a girls' school)] and a corresponding number of St Peter's School, the former being the victors in the game".15 In 1867 the celebration occurred on Monday 18 March. After Mass, the addresses to the bishop were read by a pupil of St Patrick's School and by "Master Anthony [Patrick] Martin, son of Mr Anthony Martin of Hobson St" on behalf of St Peter's. The pupils then went to paddocks of Mr Dinnin on Ponsonby Road for sports, entertainments and "refreshments".16

In the 1870s and 1880s, Mr B Hammill was a well-known teacher.1718 He was said to have a "first-class certificate from the Irish Board of Education" and to be "enthusiastically devoted to his profession".19 Mr Peter Leonard was another prominent teacher who went on to teach at other schools in Auckland.20 In 1874, a report of the annual public examination of the boys attending St Peter's, presided over by Bishop Croke, stated that there was a "regular and good" attendance of about 70 pupils at the school.18 In the 1870s the school was located in Pitt St21 and in 1879 it had a roll of 43.22 In 1881, Mr Cronin (who had "high certificates from the Irish and Auckland Education Boards") was a teacher at St Peter's School which in an advertisement for pupils also offered night classes ("7-9pm") to prepare pupils for "mercantile pursuits, civil service and teacher's examinations".21 In 1883, Mr Hammill "transferred the pupils attending St Peter's School" to a "large and commodius" building on the corner of Pitt and Wellington St23 where St Peter's existed until the Marist Brothers established their own school there in 1885.24

Troubled establishment

Walter Herman Jacobus Steins S.J., third Catholic Bishop of Auckland (1879–1881) thought, that as they were a French congregation, the Marist Brothers might not be welcome in Auckland and that it would be better to invite the Irish Christian Brothers as most of the Catholics in Auckland were Irish. Stein's successor, John Edmund Luck OSB, fourth Catholic Bishop of Auckland (1881–1896), had no such qualms and invited the Marist Brothers to establish their school.25 An unsuccessful move may have been made in 1885 to open a Christian Brothers School.26

Nearly 40 years later, in 1923, Henry William Cleary, the sixth Catholic Bishop of Auckland, issued an invitation to the Christian Brothers to found a school.27 The Marist Brothers, well established at Sacred Heart College (then located in Richmond Road, Ponsonby), objected strongly and Cleary wrote to the Provincial of the Christian Brothers, Brother Barron, changing his offer to a primary school.27 As a result, the Christian Brothers lost interest.27

Shortly after he became seventh Catholic Bishop of Auckland in 1929, James Michael Liston renewed the invitation to the Christian Brothers, whose pupil he had been in Dunedin.28 This again aroused the opposition of the Marist Brothers.28 They were concerned that a new boys' Form I to VI school would take enrolments from Sacred Heart College and would diminish their revenue.28 Unmoved by the Marist Brothers' opposition, Liston requested his old Dunedin classmate, Brother Michael James Benignus Hanrahan (Brother Benignus), the Christian Brothers provincial, to provide brothers to staff the school.28 This was agreed to.29

A contractor cleared the Mountain Road site in 1931 and it was expected that the school would open in 1933.28 But financial problems caused delays.28 The Marist Brothers appealed to the Apostolic Delegate to Australia and New Zealand, resident in Sydney, and to the Sacred Congregation of Religious in Rome.28 They believed that Bishop Cleary had promised them the St Peter's School site but as no written record could be found, Bishop Liston was informed by the Sacred Congregation that he could invite the Christian Brothers27 and the Apostolic Delegate, Archbishop Giovanni Panico, ruled "that the Bishop is free to make whatever provision he may decide in the matter".28 The Marist Brothers accepted this ruling, but unhappily.3031

Outhwaites, construction and opening

St Peter's College, Auckland - Original Buildings 1939-1944 (centre right)

The school was constructed on the corner of Khyber Pass and Mountain Road,3233 a site which had been given to the church for educational purposes by the Outhwaite family a pioneering family of Auckland. Isa Outhwaite, the last surviving member of that family, bequeathed the site of the college and also a part of the fund required for its erection.6 The Outhwaites, who lived nearby, had pastured cows (and probably horses for their own transport) on the site.34 The dedication of the college to St Peter was not only a specific revival of the earlier St Peter's School in Auckland,5 but also referred to the first Catholic school in New Zealand opened in Kororareka in 1840 and dedicated to St Peter. The foundation also commemorated the founder of the Catholic Church in New Zealand, Bishop Pompallier, who arrived in New Zealand in 1838, set up the Marist Mission in the Bay of Islands and built there the historic printery now known as Pompallier.35 The college was therefore a mark of the centennial of the Catholic church in New Zealand.

The Christian Brothers arrived in Auckland from Australia and the South Island for the 1939 school year. They were accommodated by the parish priest of Remuera, Monsignor J. J. Bradley, in his presbytery until the Brothers residence was habitable.36 Bradley, who had been a pupil of the Christian Brothers in Ireland, was responsible for the laying out of the grounds of the school - work which took ten months to complete.36 However, work continued until 1941 on the development of Reeves Road (a street that has now disappeared as it has been incorporated as the entrance to St. Peter's College),37 the building of stone walls, and the very significant soil transfer from the netball courts to level the playing fields was accomplished largely by workers on the Government Relief scheme following the Great Depression. These workers worked on the project for three years and finished it on 1 November 1941. The school grounds consisted of three different levels, i.e. the netball court level38 (from 2010, the site of the school gymnasium), the old tennis court level (now filled in under the playing field level) and the playing field level (called the "St Peter's College oval").39 Originally, the quadrangle of the college was not paved but was covered in heavy ash from the Auckland Gas works in Freemans Bay.

St Peter's College opening 29 January 1939 outside the Brothers' House. Bishop Liston is speaking. Brother O'Driscoll is sheltering him under an umbrella.

The school was opened on Sunday, 29 January 1939 by Bishop Liston and in the presence of Hon H. G. R. Mason, (Attorney-General and local MP - for the Auckland Suburbs electorate), the Mayor of Auckland, Sir Ernest Davis, and Mr Justice Callan of the Supreme Court (who had been a pupil of the Christian Brothers in Dunedin and had also been a classmate of Liston's). Br Keniry represented the Provincial of the Christian Brothers, Brother Hanrahan, at the opening. The opening took place on a wet afternoon and, as he read his speech, Bishop Liston was sheltered under an umbrella held by the foundation headmaster of the college, Brother F.P. O'Driscoll.40 In spite of the rain, a large number of friends and well-wishers participated in the opening.40

After making placatory remarks about the Marist Brothers, Liston welcomed the Christian Brothers. he said that they were "here at the invitation of the Bishop to take charge of St Peter's school and to have their part, along with the Marist Brothers and other religious communities, in our Catholic education system. They have their own traditions to give us, formed in the society's work of teaching since 1802, and the fruit of the experience gathered, to speak only of Australia and New Zealand, of over 500 Brothers teaching more than 20,000 boys". Liston added, " ... if I know the Brothers at all, the boys under their care will be put to hard work - an excellent thing - and teachers will not do for them what they should do for themselves. The thought of the years ahead and of the eternal life will be regarded as of first importance. Teachers will feel it their daily duty to fit the boys to bear life's burdens with a spirit of nobility and to meet life's problems with unfaltering courage". At the conclusion of his speech, Bishop Liston said, "This is a very happy day for me indeed for I owe much more than I can say to the training I received at the hands of the Christian Brothers in Dunedin long years ago".40

The original school buildings opened in 1939 on the 4-acre (16,000 m2) Outhwaite site consisted of an incomplete two-storied class-block (now the Bro P. O'Driscoll Building) and an incomplete two-storied residence (the brother's residence). They were designed by William Henry Gummer (1884–1966), a student of Sir Edward Lutyens and architect of some notable Auckland buildings such as the Dilworth Building in Queen Street and the old Auckland railway station in Beach Road. He also designed the National War Memorial and carillon and National Art Gallery and Dominion Museum buildings in Wellington.41 The two original school buildings were fully completed in 1944.42 In 1955 a statue of Our Lady, paid for by the Christian Brothers Old Boys, was placed in the alcove on the Bro P O'Driscoll Building above the quadrangle.43

1939 - Brother O'Driscoll sets standards

On Monday, 6 February 1939, St Peter's College opened its doors44 with a roll of 183 pupils,26 aged from 11 to 14 (i.e. from Form I to Form IV).45 Five brothers comprised the original staff - Brothers O'Driscoll.,4647 Killian, Rapp, Skehan and Carroll.4548 Brother Skehan had been at St. Kevin's College, Oamaru and the others had been in Sydney.

"The first day of school was unique - one of reconnaissance on both sides. The Brothers were new and unknown, even by repute!" "It is on record that at least two "first-day" pupils came, saw - and were never seen again after opening day. Form IV [(year 10)] was the senior class the first year and comprised a select group ... ."45

The average size of the four classes in the first year of the college was thirty boys. But Form IV commenced with fourteen pupils. These had come from ten different schools. There had been no unity in the textbooks used in these schools but also the boys had studied different subjects. By the end of the first term it was evident to the Brothers that there was quite a teaching problem and it was decided to start the second term of Form IV with Theorem One in Geometry and Lesson One in French, Latin, Algebra, etc. - all the start of Form III work. The object was to get through two complete years' work (Form III and Form IV - Years 9 and 10) in two terms (i.e. the second and third terms - from May to December). Many of the fourteen pupils transferred down to Form III. For the senior class, play or recreation time was cut in half. School was conducted on Saturday mornings, when the week's theoretical study of Chemistry was tested by practical experiments. "No text books were allowed on Saturdays, and woe betide any student who didn't know the properties and tests for various gases and metals and their respective weights". "Time was precious, the pace was hot; these Christian Brothers, newly come to Auckland, had to try to establish some academic standards, and Brother O'Driscoll in endeavouring to penetrate the boys' thick skulls with gems of academic knowledge, used, in desperation, to thump or pound the blackboard to drive home important points. Being a solidly built man of no mean stature, he made quite an impression. It is recorded in the first year in his classroom at least half a dozen new blackboards were necessary". By the third term only four students were left - Bill Aitkin, Max Denize, Des and John Rosser. The following year (1940) Brother O'Driscoll allowed three to sit for Matriculation (University Entrance) and one for the Public Service Examination. All four passed. The first Dux of the college was Des Rosser in 1940. His twin brother John was dux in 1941. The brothers subsequently donated the Rosser Cup, presented each year for Dux of St Peter's College.49

Great walls and new buildings

St Peter's College Entrance (former site of Reeves Rd)

The transformation of the grounds, the development of Reeves Road, the planting of lawns, garden plots and the erection of the front stone wall along Reeves Road continued over the next few years. The trees planted were mostly Syzygium smithii (an Australian species - also known as Monkey Apple), along Reeves Rd, and, near the tennis courts, Puriri trees. "At the same time, tons of soil and rock were brought up from the site of the present [netball] courts to make the playing field. But the masterpiece of all the constructional work was the huge stone wall below the tennis courts [(and above the netball courts)]. The first pupils daily eagerly visited it as if it were some modern Great Wall of China, and watched in wonder as it took shape".50

After the end of the Second World War, significant developments were: the opening of the College chapel in 1953 (see below); the building of the first prefabricated classroom block; and the conversion of the old bungalow used as a shelter shed and of a classroom to a library in the 1950s.5152

In 1961, St Peter's had the largest roll of any Catholic school in New Zealand,53 having 834 pupils. More building projects became necessary.

In the 1960s, the Brother's residence was extended and a new science block consisting of science laboratories, classrooms and a demonstration room was built. This building was upgraded in the 1990s and is now called the Brother J. B. Lynch Science Laboratories. A large three-story set of classrooms (now called the Brother B E Ryan Building) plus assembly hall and squash courts were opened in the early 1970s.54

The Cage and the motorway

In 1959, Archbishop55 Liston purchased 2.5 acres (10,000 m2) on Mountain Road opposite the school.56 This land was owned by New Zealand Breweries and had been part of the Great Northern Brewery, later called Lion Brewery, which stretched from Khyber Pass along Mountain Rd up as far as Seccombes Rd. Part of the land purchased had been used as tennis courts for the staff. The land became available because, from 1950, New Zealand Breweries was concentrating its beer production at the Captain Cook Brewery further down Khyber Pass towards Newmarket. The Lion Brewery site was therefore sold off, part to the New Zealand Distillary Company and part, which included the tennis courts, to the Bishop of Auckland for St Peter's College. The site was purchased from New Zealand Breweries for £11,000 per acre.5758 The sum was paid by the parents of the school through fairs, raffles and money contributions. Students were involved in picking up stones and glass from the field as a detention.59 The site was used as a rugby field (at first called "the Far Field" or "the New Field" and now, "the Cage"). Located on it is a sports pavilion called the Brother P. C. Ryan Sports Pavilion. It is named for Brother PC "Paddy" Ryan, the headmaster at the time, who managed the purchase and transformation of the site. The pavilion replaced an earlier pavilion opened in 1960 (see below). In 2012 the Cage was refurbished into an Astro turf field capable of playing rugby and soccer in all weathers and conditions.596061

Henry Cooper, the Headmaster of nearby Auckland Grammar School, was also interested in this land for his school but the price New Zealand Breweries required for it (£30,000) was considered too high. Cooper was "particularly annoyed" that he failed to obtain the site as St Peter's got it for somewhat less than the price quoted to Grammar and which had been considered prohibitive by the Ministry of Works (which would have had to purchase the land for Grammar, a State school).62 However Cooper attended the official opening of the resulting new St Peter's College pavilion and field and he " ... offered the congratulations of the other schools of Auckland and expressed great pleasure that his friendly neighbours had obtained such a handsome new playing field".57

St Peter's College-The Cage Rugby field (former Brewery land)

Henry Cooper used the episode in his argument for the transfer of the Mt Eden Prison quarries to Auckland Grammar for the creation of new sports fields for that school. He pointed out that the brewery site would have been very suitable for Grammar and that Grammar had been beaten to it by a "private school". The context of this was that the new Auckland Southern Motorway development was projected to take the main Grammar rugby field which lay between the two schools.63 Although St Peter's was to be less affected, Liston supported Auckland Grammar in its opposition to the motorway and the projected route. Auckland Grammar argued that the motorway was going to adversely affect "two great schools" and should either be abandoned or re-routed. However, one of Grammar's suggested alternative routes was to be "further down" Mountain Road, which would have taken the motorway either through St Peter's College or through the Catholic netball courts which were used by the College and are now part of it. Either of these proposed alternative routes would also have taken out the newly acquired and developed rugby field.

Grammar lost its rugby field in 1964, but was compensated by the Mt Eden Prison quarries. St Peter's lost a small section of land on its south west extremity for the motorway on-ramp at Khyber Pass Rd and in return was sold Reeves Road and some prison houses at a concessional price. Reeves Rd disappeared as a street and much of the subsequent expansion of the school has taken place on its site.64 However both Auckland Grammar and St Peter's have had to endure the adjacent motorway since 1965.5765

Chapels

1939 chapel

From its opening in 1939, the Christian Brothers had a small "but handsome" chapel upstairs in the Brothers' House. It was equipped by past pupils of the Christian Brothers, one of whom, Father J Mansfield, who sixty years previously had been a pupil of the Christian Brothers in Dublin, donated the altar. The chapel was furnished in oak. The altar was walnut and primavera wood, backed by a rich blue and gold hanging.66

1953 chapel

On 14 November 1953 a larger chapel was blessed and opened by Archbishop Liston. This was built mainly on the initiative of the Chaplain of the School, Father Reginald Delargey.67 Funds were raised by the Old Boys, Men's and Ladies' Committees and the pupils. The chapel cost £3,300. £3,000 was raised by an appeal (£1,400 from parents, friends and Old Boys, and £750 from the pupils including £200 as a result of "self-denial" days).68 "The opening of the chapel was all the more satisfying because of the involvement of the pupils."69 This chapel was located between the Brothers' House and the main school building (now called the "Br O'Driscoll Building"). The chapel was rectangular in shape. It had two aisles between which there were approximately ten pews which could accommodate a class or two for Mass or Benediction. On the other side of each aisle were the Brothers' chairs and prie-dieus at which they recited their office each day, heard Mass and kept their own devotional books. The chapel was dominated by a crucifix and a large altar fixed against the south end wall in those pre-Vatican II days. A free-standing altar later replaced this so that Mass could be said facing the congregation. On the left was also a shrine to Our Lady of Perpetual Soccour, a devotion much encouraged by the Christian Brothers. On the South side of this icon was the door to a small sacristy which also served as a confessional for the school, where the school chaplain was available regularly. This sacristy issued onto a small cloister which connected the Brother's House with the school building. On the North side of the icon a door led from the chapel to the Brother's Common room and library in the Brothers' House. This also served as the general staff room for the college which was most useful to the lay teachers. There were folding doors along the northern or entrance end of the chapel. These doors could be opened so that extra congregants could be accommodated outside. From time to time Masses were celebrated al fresco there. Other events were also held there such as school prizegivings. At the 1955 prizegiving, Archbishop Liston "presided on a decorated balcony" in front of the chapel.70 "The chapel became a focal point and the good habit of a visit to the Blessed Sacrament before and after school [was] maintained over 60 years".26 This chapel was demolished to free up access to the Brother L. H. Wilkes Technology Block which was opened in 2001.

2001 chapel

The present school chapel ("the Chapel of St Peter") is a temporary pre-fabricated building. This is located near the northern end of the quadrangle of the College (known as the "Top Yard"). Mass is celebrated in the School Chapel by the chaplain of the school and or by other visiting priests every Friday at lunchtime and all students are invited to attend. The chapel is open to all for prayer and guidance throughout the day. Since 1939, large school liturgical events take place at nearby churches such as St Michael's Church, Remuera, St Benedict's Church, Newton, or St Patrick's Cathedral. The Cathedral is the scene of the important annual school celebration of St Peter's Day.

The School Chapel

In 2014 the college is planning and raising funds "for a more permanent College Chapel in the centre of the school".71 A 12-classroom block is being built beside the middle school providing space for the new chapel.72

The Christian Brothers

A group of Christian Brothers, 1968: From left: Brothers J A Morris (former Headmaster SPC), B E Fitzgerald, P C Ryan (Provincial- former Headmaster SPC), B E Ryan (Headmaster SPC), A A Loftus (Superior-General), T F Hunter, V A Sullivan, J P McKean, A L Smith, R A Sisson, J B Lynch and D A O'Hehir.

The Christian Brothers provided staff for St Peter's College from its opening until 2007. However, the numbers of brothers teaching at St Peter's College gradually declined from the 1970s. In 1975 there were 15 brothers teaching. In 1982 this number had reduced to eight. In 1988 it was 7, 4 in 1991, 2 in 1993, and 1 from 1994.73 From 1994 until July 2007, Brother Paul Robertson was the only Christian Brother teaching at St Peter's College. He was the Associate Principal of the college.74

The integration of St Peter's College into the state education system also " ... caused a 'church/state' separation of the [Christian Brothers] community from the institution".75 This was demonstrated particularly in the formal splitting of authority in the school between the school Board of Trustees and the Principal of the College, and the new role of the former in staffing matters. As the Christian Brothers did not own the school, they could not appoint their representatives on the Board. The proprietor's representatives where instead appointed by the school's owner, the Bishop of Auckland.76 In 1992 the Christian Brothers shifted from the college to a new community house in Queen Mary Avenue, Epsom, acquired because it was near St Peter's College.77 Brother L. H. Wilkes wrote about what this meant for the Christian Brothers community. "For years the dread of leaving St Peter's house hung over the community at St Peter's. In 1991 it was down to months and in early 1992 it was down to weeks and to days. Nobody actually spoke definitely about leaving but everyone knew it was inevitable. I could just not imagine the community in an ordinary house in an ordinary street ...".78 Some of the brothers teaching at St Peter's College in the late 1980s moved to another community house in Mangere which soon closed.79 Apart from Brother Paul Robertson, the last Christian Brother to retain particular involvement with St Peter's College was Brother V. N. Cusack. He worked in the St Peter's tuckshop until 1997, arriving at 7.30am every school day to heat the pies.80

St Peter's College, Christian Brothers' House entrance (1939)

In his Annual principal's report for 1988, Brother Prendergast described what a Christian Brothers school was: "St Peter's has been a Christian Brothers school for forty-nine years. I don't know if you can say it is going to be a Christian Brothers' school next year. That is up to those of you who are here next year to maintain if you want to. I am going to put before you some of the characteristics of Christian Brothers schools. Christian Brothers' schools throughout the world have a remarkable similarity of purpose, spirit and tone. Allowing for culture change a boy from St Peter's College in Auckland will fit in easily in Cardinal Newman College, Buenos Aires or Waverley College, Sydney, or St Columba's School, New Delhi, or St Edward's College, Liverpool, or in schools in twenty other countries." "All these schools reveal characteristics that help identify them as inheritors of the spirit and traditions of Edmund Rice, the founder of the Christian Brothers. These characteristics are not unique but they are distinctive". Brother Prendendergast listed these characteristics as being: the encouragement given to pupils in Christian Brothers schools to strive for scholastic excellence in a disciplined atmosphere; a religious dimension that permeates the entire education available to students; the cultivation of a strong devotion to Mary, the Mother of God; the emphasis given to the care and concern for each individual in the school community; and a particular concern for the poor.81

James Michael Liston

The Christian Brothers and St Peter's College held Archbishop Liston in high regard as the founder, proprietor, funder, special friend, ally and protector of the college. He presided over all of the school prize-giving ceremonies from the first until his retirement in 1970. At the 1970 ceremony, in Liston's presence and in recognising his retirement, Brother B E Ryan, the Headmaster of the college said: "His Grace has had his critics of course, as all men in similar positions have - he was even criticised for founding St Peter's College - but his achievements are sufficient answer in themselves. We of St Peter's in a certain sense owe him everything. Without His Grace's decision to open the new school in 1938, we humanly speaking, might not be here tonight to represent the thousands of boys and parents that have been influenced by the school in the past 32 years".82

Bro B E Ryan Building (1973)

Liston felt a lifelong debt to the Christian Brothers' School in Dunedin where he was a pupil and he often expressed that gratitude publicly on occasions involving Christian Brothers Institutions.83 However, Liston's gratitude did have its limits. There is a well-known story at St Peter's College concerning the large Christian Brothers emblem above the main northern entrance to the original school building. In the course of the creation of that emblem in 1938 or 1939, Bishop Liston arrived to survey progress on the building of the school. He ordered work to stop on the emblem because the school was "his" and did not belong to the Christian Brothers. The emblem remains unfinished to this day. The college really was "his" as it was (and is) owned directly by the Bishop of Auckland.

Liston however often acknowledged his debt to the Christian Brothers for establishing and maintaining St Peter's College. In January 1943, Liston wrote to his old classmate Br Michael James Benignus Hanrahan, the Provincial of the Christian Brothers when the college was established, on the occasion of the latter's Golden Jubilee, saying: " ... Auckland has its special reason for gratitude. Perhaps I can put that simply by saying that from the first day the school has been all that you or I would wish it to be".84 He showed his love in his annual presentation of prizes. With the passage of years, the prize list got longer so that eventually over 100 individual prizes were presented. "When it was suggested to His Grace that it would be less demanding if he remained seated during the marathon presentation he would have none of it; he would bestow full dignity on the recipient."85

St Peter's College station opening, Tuesday 15 September 1964

When the Archbishop died in 1976 the college formed a guard of honour for his funeral cortege from the Town Hall to Grafton Bridge. The students' " ... dignified bearing and respectful tribute evoked many expressions of commendation."86

When the school adopted a new motto, it adopted the English version of Liston's personal motto "Amare et Servire", "To Love and to Serve".

The railway station and Brother Monagle

For nearly 50 years St Peter's College had its own railway station, developed on the initiative of Brother T A Monagle in 1964. That station was first known as the St Peter's College station and from 1993 was known as the Boston Rd Station. Up to a third of the school's enrolment (i.e. 400 students) commute to the college by train and uses the new Grafton station (which has now replaced the Boston Rd Station).87 For the history of the Boston Rd Station see Boston Road Railway Station.

St Peter's College today

St Peter's College - Middle School & Bro Smith Music and Drama Suite

The school was integrated into the state system along with 240 other New Zealand Catholic schools in 1982.88 The school has had a lay headmaster, Mr Kieran Fouhy, since 1989. Under his leadership, significant building projects have been completed. During the 1990s, as well as the renovation (and naming) of the Brother J. B. Lynch Science Laboratories, the Brother P. C Ryan sports pavilion replaced the original pavilion built in 1960 and which had been ruined by fire. The Brother W. R. Smith Music and Drama Suite was built. Brother Smith (1948–1953), the third headmaster of the college, had initiated the first school orchestra.89

Recent important buildings completed are the Brother L. H. Wilkes Technology Block (2001)90 (awarded the NZIA Resene Supreme Award for Architecture 2002 and the NZIA Resene Branch Award for Architecture 2001), a dedicated building for the intermediate school ("the Middle School") on Mountain Road (2003) named after Brother V.A. Sullivan,9192 and the St Peter's College Sports Complex erected on the old netball courts in 2010.9394 The sports complex was a 2012 Auckland Architecture Award winner.95

St Peter's College Middle School (Years 7 and 8)

St Peter's still follows the objectives of the Christian Brothers' founder, 18th-century Irish merchant Blessed Edmund Rice.91 to encourage its members to serve the community in a positive manner, such as participation in Edmund Rice Camps, and committing themselves to Rice's objective of bringing social justice.

St Peter's College, Bro Wilkes Technology Building

The school has supported Christian Brothers missions in Polynesia and organises regular trips to India for senior students"91 In supporting students' sporting and cultural aspirations, St Peter's has established music,96 football and softball academies.

The school sets and achieves high academic standards, wins numerous awards in musical engagement, achieves substantial sporting successes. Culturally, it benefits from a diverse, multicultural diverse roll and cultural activities, also gaining awards in areas such as religion and polyfest (Polynesian cultural competitions).8

Roll

St Peter's College draws enrolments from throughout the city, reflecting its central, convenient location.97 The roll as at 24 May 2011 was 1230.98 St Peter's College has a diverse, multicultural roll and its ethnic composition in 2010 was (generally): European/Pākehā 58%; Māori 5%; Polynesian 13% (including Samoan 9% and Tongan 3%); Asian 22% (including Chinese 4%, Indian 11% and Filipino 3%).99 There are approximately 134 paid staff (teaching and support staff).99 The school offers for senior years both the National Certificate of Educational Achievement assessment system (NCEA) and the Cambridge International Examinations (CIE).

Houses

St Peter's College cricket field (St Peter's Oval) and Outhwaite Park

The St Peter's College Houses and their colours and eponyms are:

  • Bodkin - Red - Br. Dominic Fursey Bodkin
  • Lynch - Yellow - Br. John Barnabas Lynch
  • Nolan - Blue - Br. Patrick Joseph Nolan
  • O'Driscoll - Grey - Br. Francis Pius O'Driscoll
  • Rice - Black - Blessed Edmund Ignatius Rice
  • Treacy - Green - Br. Patrick Ambrose Treacy

Brothers Fursey Bodkin, Barnabas Lynch, Joseph Nolan, and their leader, Patrick Ambrose Treacy were Christian Brothers who arrived from Ireland in Melbourne on 15 November 1868 to establish the religious institute in Australia. In 1875 Brother Treacy visited Bishop Patrick Moran, First Catholic Bishop of Dunedin, and promised him a community of Christian Brothers. In 1876 Brother Bodkin was the leader of the new Dunedin community, the first Christian Brothers community in New Zealand.100 Bodkin, Lynch, Nolan and Treacy Houses date from the foundation of the college. O'Driscoll and Rice Houses were set up in 2011. Edmund Ignatius Rice was the founder of the Christian Brothers and Brother O'Driscoll was the foundation Headmaster of the College.101 Each year level has six house classes and each House class is the unit of attendance, pastoral care, competitive activity and many daily activities. There are House leaders (students) and House leaders (staff) assigned to each.101

Sport

St Peter's College has a strong and successful sporting tradition.102 This tradition started early when in 1939 the college affiliated to the secondary school's Rugby union.103 In 1941 the college won the seventh grade rugby competiton.104 On 21 March 1941 the first annual College swimming championships meeting was held at the Olympic pool, Newmarket.105 Softball also started early at St Peter's. The college was playing in the softball competitions in 1945.106 In 1980 St Peter's College won the inaugural national Secondary School's Softball Championship and has won the Auckland Softball Premiership every year from 1994 until the present (as at 2008).54107 One sport promoted in the early days of the college was boxing.108 The school boxing championships were held annually, usually at the Municipal Hall, Newmarket.109

Over the grounds of St Peter's College towards Auckland Museum and the Waitemata harbour

In 2014 sports played by St Peter's included: Archery, Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Cricket, Cycling, Distance Running, Football, Golf, Hockey, Lacrosse, Lawn Bowls, Rowing (started 1941),110 Rugby, Snow Sports, Softball, Squash, Swimming, Table Tennis, Tennis, Touch, Triathlon, Volleyball and Water Polo. In the 1950s the Athletics chant of the school (adapted by the Christian Brothers from their Australian schools) was urangabe, urangabe, urangabe uranga/Woolagalla, woolagalla, rumba/Flay them, beat them, yah mung do!/Christies, Christies, blue, gold, blue.111

One old boy, at SPC in the mid 1950s, has written that the Christian Brothers (being then "Aussies") were not much interested in Rugby but were more interested in cricket, "square-bashing"112 and athletics.111 However John Tamihere, at St Peter's in the 1970s, remembers the Christian Brothers (by then mostly Kiwi) being very enthusiastic about Rugby. He has written that if the Christian Brothers wanted a boy for the First XV, the boy didn't have much say in the matter. "They would walk around the school grounds at lunchtime sizing up" likely candidates to see if they might be any good. They picked out one boy because he looked usefully tall. "I'd rather play soccer", the boy protested, " ... but next minute there he was in the lineout, leaping." Under such pressure, Tamihere played for the college First XV (in 1975 and 1976) although he would have preferred to play Rugby League for the Point Chevalier Pirates and later for the Glenora Bears as his brothers did. He said that the college First XV at that time was composed of " ... not bad players", and they were " ... always competitive". "We didn't win a lot, but on the other hand we never really got hammered". "St Peter's used to play St Kentigern's, who were led out onto the field by their pipe band. When we played Anglican King's College there was no doubt this was a Catholics versus Proddies battle, though some of our toughest games were against other Catholic schools like St Paul's and Sacred Heart. If you think Māori society was tribal, you should have seen those Catholics".113 There is also strong traditional Rugby rivalry with other schools such as De La Salle College, Auckland Grammar School,60 Kelston Boys' High School, Mt Albert Grammar School and the North Shore school, Rosmini College (The Battle of the Bridge). An annual senior rugby fixture between Auckland Grammar and St Peter's (The Battle of the Overbridge) is played for the Henry Cooper-Br. Paddy Ryan Rugby Challenge Cup in memory of headmasters in office in 1962 when St Peter's beat Grammar for the first time.60 Amongst the college's Rugby highlights was winning by the First XV of the New Zealand Secondary School's Top Four Championship and the Auckland Secondary Schools Premiership in 1987. The latter feat was repeated in 1988. The college won the Auckland Championship and the New Zealand First XV Knock out competition undefeated in 2000. The college has held the Moascar Cup (national school 1st XV rugby honour) twice, in 1977 and 2000.114

In 1980(?), Hugh McGahan, captain of the New Zealand National Rugby League side, "the Kiwis" from 1986 to 1990, also played for the college First XV, under similar pressure to that exerted on John Tamihere. However, McGahan has said that, in spite of the pressure, it "was a pleasure pulling on the school jersey" to represent the college.115 Although it has made a significant contribution to the sport, St Peter's College does not field Rugby League teams. However, many students play Soccer.

In 2014 student registrations in 11 winter sports totaled 1137.116

Headmasters

  • Brother F. P. O'Driscoll (foundation Headmaster 1939 – 1944)47
  • Brother J. A. Morris (1945 – 1947)117
  • Brother W. R. Smith (1948 – 1953)118
  • Brother K. V. Watson (1954 – 1956)119
  • Brother P. C. Ryan (1957 – 1965)26
  • Brother B. E. Ryan (1966 – 1974)54120
  • Brother N. C. Doherty (1975 – 1979)54
  • Brother J. P. Prendergast (first old boy Headmaster 1980 – 1988)54
  • Mr. Kieran F. Fouhy (first lay Headmaster 1989 – present)54121

Notable alumni and former staff

St Peter's in literature

Writers who have written about their experiences as students at St Peter's College:

External links

Notes

  1. ^ "Directory of Schools - as at 1 April 2014". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Decile change 2007 to 2008 for state & state integrated schools
  3. ^ "Directory of New Zealand Schools, February 2011". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c E.R. Simmons, In Cruce Salus, p. 32.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Auckland's First Catholic School - And its Latest", Zealandia, Thursday, 26 January 1939, p. 5
  6. ^ a b the bequest was referred to by Liston in his speech at the opening of St Peter's College on Sunday 29 January 1939 at 3.30pm: "Auckland Welcomes the Christian Brothers", Zealandia, Thursday 2 February 1929, p. 5; see also: Richard Dunleavy, FMS, "Cardinal Newman and his links to Pompallier and New Zealand", NZ Catholic, 14–20 December 2008, p. 5.
  7. ^ Sacred Heart College (1903) opened in its present location in 1955. Hato Petera College (1928) is co-educational. St Paul's College, although located on the first Sacred Heart College site, was founded in 1955.
  8. ^ a b Academic Excellence|St Peter's College, Auckland. Retrieved 28 August 2012
  9. ^ A. G Butchers, pp. 124 - 126.
  10. ^ a b E.R. Simmons, In Cruce Salus, pp. 53 and 54.
  11. ^ New Zealand Herald, Volume VII, Issue 1877, 21 January 1870, Page 4. (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 24 May 2013)
  12. ^ Goddard, Peter. "Richard James O'Sullivan". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "School Examinations", New Zealand Herald, Volume II, Issue 345, 20 December 1864, Page 5 (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 23 May 2013)
  14. ^ "Catholic Schools", New Zealand Herald, Volume IV, Issue 1137, 6 July 1867, Page 5. (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 24 May 2013)
  15. ^ New Zealand Herald, Volume II, Issue 421, 20 March 1865, Page 5. (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 24 May 2013)
  16. ^ New Zealand Herald, Volume IV, Issue 1045, 21 March 1867, Page 4. (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 24 May 2013)
  17. ^ The Freeman's Journal, 1 May 1880.
  18. ^ a b "Auckland: From Auckland papers", The New Zealand Tablet, Vol 1, Issue 37, 10 January 1874, p. 8. (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 27 March 2012)
  19. ^ "Higher Education for Catholics", The New Zealand Tablet, Volume II, Issue 96, 27 February 1875, Page 6 (from Papers Past, National Library of New Zealand - retrieved 28 March 2012)
  20. ^ Ian Cumming, pp. 70, 103 and 135
  21. ^ a b The Freeman's Journal, 16 August 1881.
  22. ^ E. R. Simmons, In Cruce Salus, p. 146
  23. ^ The Freeman's Journal, 26 October 1883.
  24. ^ The Freeman's Journal, 18 September 1885.
  25. ^ Tony Waters, p. 19; E.R. Simmons, A Brief History of the Catholic Church in New Zealand, Pages 75 and 76.
  26. ^ a b c d Graeme Donaldson, p. 10.
  27. ^ a b c d Paul Malcolm Robertson, pp. 40 - 41.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h Nicholas Reid, Liston, p. 163.
  29. ^ Graeme W. A. Bush, p. 224.
  30. ^ Paul Robertson wrote that, to be fair to the Marist Brothers, it should be pointed out that their community in Auckland included one elderly brother who was at St Mary's Cathedral College, Sydney in 1910. At that time, the Marist Brothers had complained to the Archbishop of Sydney Cardinal Patrick Francis Moran about their working and living conditions. The Cardinal ordered them to leave the college. He directed the Christian Brothers (under threat of interdict) to take over the college in their place, which they did. The Cardinal then granted to the Christian Brothers the requests that the Marist Brothers had been denied. Robertson goes on to say that when the Christian Brothers arrived in Auckland, they were seen as moving in on Marist "territory" by some of the older Marist Brothers. However there is evidence that the relationship between the Christian Brothers and the younger Marist Brothers was positive in the early days of St Peter's College: Paul Malcolm Robertson, p. 41.
  31. ^ A leading Marist Brother protagonist through this trouble was also named "Brother Benignus" (he held the positions of "Director" of Sacred Heart College 1927-1932 and Provincial of the New Zealand Province of the Marist Brothers 1932-1941) - see:"Golden Jubilee Celebrated: Rev Brother Benignus", Zealandia, 4 January 1945, p. 13; for more on the Marist Brother Benignus (and, other leading protagonists, Brothers Justin and Borgia), the territorial defensiveness of the Marist Brothers and the confusion relating to the St Peter's College site (the Outhwaite trust property) see: Pat Gallager, The Marist Brothers in New Zealand Fiji & Samoa 1876-1976, New Zealand Marist Brothers' Trust Board, Tuakau, 1976, especially pp. 84-85 (establishment of Sacred Heart College), p. 92 (school in Gisborne) and pp. 96-97 (Outhwaite property); also see Tony Waters on the Marist Brothers mentioned.
  32. ^ James D Richardson (Photographer), 16 October 1927, Looking south from Outhwaite Park towards Mt Eden with Khyber Pass Road (left to right in the foreground), Mountain Road (foreground to background), Lion Brewery (left) of mountain Rd and St Peter's College site to the right
  33. ^ James D Richardson (Photographer), 16 Oct 1927, "Panoramic view looking south from Outhwaite Park towards Mount Eden (far left), showing Khyber Pass Road (left to right centre), Auckland Grammar School (far left), Mount Eden gaol (right)", the western part of the St Peter's College site
  34. ^ "Pars about People: Tom Russell", Observer, Volume XXIV, Issue 52, 10 September 1904, Page 4. (Retrieved 19 April 2014)
  35. ^ Dinah Holman, p. 247.
  36. ^ a b Twenty-Five Years, St Peter's College Magazine, 1964, page 11
  37. ^ supposedly named after William Pember Reeves (1857 - 1932), journalist, poet, cabinet minister and New Zealand High Commissioner in London: Graeme W. A. Bush, p. 424.
  38. ^ the Auckland Catholic Netball Association which was founded in 1931 operated for many years on the netball courts at the corner of Mountain and Khyber Pass Roads in the St Peter's College grounds. In 2005 the Association leased the Windmill Road netball courts in Mt Eden and has operated its netball competitions there from 2006
  39. ^ "A Glimpse at the Past", St Peter's College Magazine, 1964, Page 12
  40. ^ a b c Auckland Welcomes the Christian Brothers, Zealandia, Thursday 2 February 1939, p. 5.
  41. ^ Graeme W. A. Bush, pp. 279 - 280.
  42. ^ St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939 - 1964, pp. 7 and 8.
  43. ^ "Christian Brothers O.B.A. Function", Zealandia, 5 May 1955, p. 13.
  44. ^ J.C. O'Neill, The History of the Work of the Christian Brothers in New Zealand, unpublished Dip. Ed. thesis, University of Auckland, 1968, p. 102.
  45. ^ a b c St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939-1964, p.7.
  46. ^ St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939 – 1964, p.5; Dinah Holman, p. 290.
  47. ^ a b "Brother Francis Pius O'Driscoll (1897-1963)", P J O'Shea,To The Fore: Snapshots of St Columban's College 1928-2003 (O'Driscoll was founding Headmaster of St Columban's College, Caboolture, Queensland from 1928 until 1933 (first appointed at the age of 30); he was Headmaster of Christian Brothers' College, Highgate, Perth, 1949-1954 and 1962-1963; and was also Headmaster of at least two other Australian colleges)
  48. ^ Felix Donnelly, One Priest's Life, Australia and New Zealand Book Company, Auckland, 1982, pp. 7-17: this autobiography contains a description of Felix Donnelly's experiences at St Peter's in its early days and makes particular mention of Bros O'Driscoll and Skehan; see also: Felix Donnelly, Big Boys Don't Cry, Cassell New Zealand, Auckland 1978 and Father Forgive Them, GP Books, Wellington, 1990. The latter is a novel which describes the hero's experiences at St Peter's and contains several fictional Christian Brothers.
  49. ^ "This Photo is Unique", St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939-1964, p. 13.
  50. ^ "The First Twenty Five Years", St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939-1964, p. 8.
  51. ^ Dinah Holman, p. 247; Herbert Theodore Patrick Breach, The school library an extended essay (unpublished thesis - DipEd), Auckland University College, 1956 (Bro. Breach refers throughout this essay to the lessons learnt in the setting up of the St Peter's College Library.)
  52. ^ Auckland City Libraries, Heritage Image 7-A2108 (retrieved 6 June 2011) (Photograph taken 2 September 1965 - unknown photographer) St Peter's College 1965 (bottom half of the photo); the main buildings are from left: Christian Brothers House and the main school building (now called Bro O'Driscoll Building) with the 1953 chapel between them; the Science Block. The long classroom building extending down from the Science Block is the Junior School. The school Library and tuckshop is in the detached building to the left of the large classroom at bottom of the Junior school; the single classroom further to the left (formerly part of the junior school and shifted to accommodate the Science Block - used in 1960s as the classroom for Form 6A, the senior class of the school). A two-classroom building (formerly occupying the Science Block site) extends down from the Bro O'Driscoll Building. The Building beside the railway line (demolished 2010 to make way for the Gymnasium) was the clubrooms for the Catholic Netball Association; the road running vertically on the right of the rail line is Boston Rd; the road running horizontally above the school buildings is Reeves Rd which became part of the school property and on which much of the subsequent school development took place.
  53. ^ O'Neill, p. 108.
  54. ^ a b c d e f Graeme Donaldson, p. 11
  55. ^ In November 1953, the Vatican awarded Liston the personal title of Archbishop: Nicholas Reid, Liston, p. 242
  56. ^ Nicholas Reid, Liston, p. 225.
  57. ^ a b c "The Blessing and Opening of the New Playing Field", St Peter's College Magazine 1960, p. 14.
  58. ^ Graham W A Bush, pp, 309-311; Graeme Donaldson, p. 10.
  59. ^ a b K F Fouhy, St Peter's College Newsletter, No 7/12, 27 April 2012.
  60. ^ a b c Terry Maddaford, "College sport: 'Cage' returns to life as premier venue" NZ Herald 09 May 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2012
  61. ^ Michael Otto, "Artificial turf for St Peter's 'Cage'", NZ Catholic, 3 June 2012, p. 24.
  62. ^ Andrew Mason, Henry Cooper of Auckland Grammar School.
  63. ^ Unknown photographer, Sept 1965, "An aerial view looking south from above the junction of Grafton Road and Carlton Gore Road, showing the clearing for the motorway (foreground), Seafield View Road, Claremont Street, Parkfield Terrace, Khyber Pass and Boston Road (right), Mt Eden prison (right background) and St Peters College (centre background)" - (the area of motorway in course of construction between St Peter's College and Auckland Grammar School (towards the right of the photo) is the site of the former Grammar rugby field), Auckland Central Library, Heritage Photos Collection
  64. ^ Unknown photographer, Photo of the motorway taken on 2 November 1971, Auckland Grammar in middle and the Mater Misericordiae (now Mercy) Hospital top left; at the bottom, below the new motorway (replacing the Auckland Grammar rugby field), on the left of Mountain Rd, is the Cage Rugby field; on the right of Mountain Rd is the remnant of Reeves Road and a corner of the St Peter's College oval and, in course of construction, the Brother BE Ryan Building, Auckland Central Library, Heritage photos collection. Retrieved 5 May 2011
  65. ^ Andrew Mason, pp. 223 and 224; Paul Goldsmith and Michael Bassett, pp. 208 and 248; P.W. Watt, "Brother B.E. Ryan R.I.P.", St Peter's College Magazine 2008, p. 6.
  66. ^ Auckland Welcomes the Christian Brothers, Zealandia, Thursday, 2 February 1939, p. 5.
  67. ^ Graeme Donaldson, p. 10; Forward by R J Delargey, St Peter's College Magazine 1970, p. 3: "For years, St Peter's was my second home. Mass in the morning for the Brothers, and classes for the boys was the routine for over eighteen years".
  68. ^ New Chapel at St. Peter's, Zealandia, Thursday, 19 November 1953, p. 1.
  69. ^ St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939-1964, p. 8.
  70. ^ "Report and Prizegiving at St Peter's College", Zealandia, 8 December 1955.
  71. ^ St Peter's College Newsletter, No 06/2005 (15 April 2005)and No 11/2008 (Friday 4 July 2008).
  72. ^ St Peter's College newsletter, No 3/12 (7 December 2012), No 8/13 (24 May 2013) and No 5/14 (28 March 2014).
  73. ^ Paul Malcolm Robertson, p. 46.
  74. ^ Paul Malcolm Robertson, p. 208. "Br Paul Robertson cfc", St Peter's College Newsletter, No 05/2007, 5 April 2007
  75. ^ Robertson, p. 115.
  76. ^ Education Act 1989, Section 94 (Constitutions of boards of State schools).
  77. ^ Robertson, p. 207.
  78. ^ Brother L. Hubie Wilkes, "On Leaving a Monastery", Robertson, p. 116.
  79. ^ Robertson, p. 200
  80. ^ Robertson, p. 206.
  81. ^ Brother J. P. Prendergast, 49th Annual Principal's Report - 1988, St Peter's College Magazine 1988, St Peter's College, Auckland, 1988, p. 4
  82. ^ Report by Brother B E Ryan, Principal of the college, St Peter's School Magazine 1970, Page 5.
  83. ^ Nicholas Reid, Liston, p. 37.
  84. ^ O'Neill, p. 105.
  85. ^ "Archbishop James M Liston RIP", St Peter's Magazine 1976, p. 3.
  86. ^ St Peter's Magazine 1976, p. 3.; Nicholas Reid, Liston, p. 311 (top photograph).
  87. ^ Mathew Dearnaley, "Safety drive holds shocks for star", The New Zealand Herald, Wednesday, 23 July 2008, p. A3: [1].
  88. ^ Rory Sweetman, A Fair and Just Solution? A History of the Integration of Private Schools in New Zealand, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, 2002.
  89. ^ Graeme Donaldson, p. 12
  90. ^ St Peter's College Technology Building
  91. ^ a b c Graham W.A. Bush, p. 225
  92. ^ Architectus website, St Peter's College Middle School
  93. ^ St Peter's Sports Complex (retrieved 17 October 2012)
  94. ^ opened on 21 September 2010 by the Governor-General of New Zealand, Sir Anand Satyanand
  95. ^ "2012 Auckland Architecture Award winners", ArchitectureNow,. Retrieved 17 October 2012
  96. ^ St Peter's College Music Department on bebo: [2].
  97. ^ Even when the Onehunga suburban line reopened in 2010, there were St Peter's boys on the first trains: Matthew Dearnaley (21 September 2010). "Rail link puts fun back into getting to school". The New Zealand Herald. 
  98. ^ Headmaster's Report, Minutes of the meeting of the Saint Peter's College Board of Trustees held at the College on 24 May 2011 at 7.30, p. 2.
  99. ^ a b St Peter's College Annual Report 2010, p. 13.
  100. ^ J.C. O'Neill, pp. 17 - 27; Paul Malcolm Robertson, pp. 38 and 39
  101. ^ a b St Peter's College Newsletter 2/11, 11 February 2010.
  102. ^ for example see: Terry Maddaford, "St Peter's punch well above weight", New Zealand Herald, Wednesday, 1 July 2009, P. B15: [3]
  103. ^ "School's Matches; Tourney Arranged", New Zealand Herald, Volume LXXVI, Issue 23391, 6 July 1939, Page 18(Retrieved 15 April 2014)
  104. ^ "General Sports, New Zealand Herald, 21 August 1941, page 2 (Retrieved 15 April 2014)
  105. ^ "Swimming Sports: St Peter's College", New Zealand Herald, Volume LXXVIII, Issue 23921, 22 March 1941, page 7 (Retrieved 15 April 2014)
  106. ^ "Softball Matches: Fixtures for 17 February 1945", New Zealand Herald, Volume 82, Issue 25129, 16 February 1945, page 2 (Retrieved 15 April 2014)
  107. ^ "St Peter's College Sport", The Vision, Term 1, 2008, Edition 38, p. 4.
  108. ^ Felix Donnelly, One Priest's Life, Australia and New Zealand Book Company, Auckland, 1982, pp. 7 and 8.
  109. ^ for example, "St Peter's College Boxing Championships", Zealandia, 20 November 1947, p. 13; Father Peter Gherardi has suggested that the Christian Brothers promoted boxing at St Peter's so that the boys could defend themselves against bullying: Denis Edwards, Vows: Nuns and Priests Speak Out, Penguin, Auckland, 1997, p. 70.
  110. ^ This sport started in 1941 at St Peter's when boys joined the Auckland Rowing Club with intention of providing for mixed crews of members and boys: "General Sports", New Zealand Herald, 30 October 1941, Page 2 (Retrieved 15 April 2014)
  111. ^ a b David McGill, p. 23.
  112. ^ i.e. military training which was an important element of life at St Peter's in the 1940s and 1950s. The St Peter's Cadet Corps won important trophies. On 1 March 1955 the Governor-General, Sir Willoughby Norrie visited St Peter's to present the Governor-General's trophy for 1954 to the "C" company of the college cadet corps: "Governor-General at St Peter's", Zealandia, 10 March 1955, p. 16.
  113. ^ John Tamihere and Helen Bain, John Tamihere Black and White, Reed, Auckland 2004, p. 38.
  114. ^ Moascar Cup websiteHolders of the Moascar Cup. Retrieved 11 September 2011
  115. ^ Hugh McGahan, Hughie: Hugh McGahan, Kiwi Captain, Nicholls Publishing, Lincoln, Canterbury, 1992, pp. 13 - 17
  116. ^ St Peter's newletter No 6/14, 11 April 2014.
  117. ^ A Glimpse at the Past, St Peter's Magazine 1964, Page 13
  118. ^ St Peter's Magazine 1964, Pages 12 and 16
  119. ^ St Peter's Magazine 1964, Pages 16 and 17
  120. ^ Tony Eyre, "Meeting Brother Ben Ryan for the last time", St Peter's College News, Issue No 5, November 2008.
  121. ^ Dinah Holman, p. 290

Main sources

Generally by date of publication
  • The Cyclopedia of New Zealand, The Cyclopedia Company Limited, Christchurch, 1902 "Auckland", Volume 2.
  • A.G Butchers, Young New Zealand, Coulls Somerville Wilkie Ltd, Dunedin, 1929.
  • Zealandia, 1939-1989.
  • Auckland's First Catholic School - And its Latest, Zealandia, Thursday, 26 January 1939, p. 5.
  • Auckland Welcomes the Christian Brothers, Zealandia, Thursday 2 February 1939, p. 5.
  • G H Scholefield, A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Vol. 2, Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington, 1940.
  • St Peter's College Magazines 1948–present , St Peter's College, Auckland, 1948–present.
  • New Chapel at St. Peter's, Zealandia, Thursday, 19 November 1953, p. 1.
  • Herbert Theodore Patrick Breach, The educational work of the Christian Brothers in Australia and New Zealand (unpublished thesis - DipEd), University of Auckland, 1956.
  • Herbert Theodore Patrick Breach, The school library an extended essay (unpublished thesis - DipEd), Auckland University College, 1956.
  • Ian Cumming, Glorious Enterprise: The History of the Auckland Education Board 1857-1957, Whitcome & Tombs Ltd, 1959.
  • Their Own Station, Auckland Star, Tuesday 15 September 1964, p. 4.
  • St Peter's College Silver Jubilee 1939 - 1964, Christian Brothers Old Boys Association, Auckland, 1964.
  • J.C. O'Neill, The History of the Work of the Christian Brothers in New Zealand, unpublished Dip. Ed. thesis, University of Auckland, 1968.
  • Pat Gallager, The Marist Brothers in New Zealand Fiji & Samoa 1876-1976, New Zealand Marist Brothers' Trust Board, Tuakau, 1976.
  • Felix Donnelly, Big Boys Don't Cry, Cassell New Zealand, Auckland 1978.
  • E.R. Simmons, A Brief History of the Catholic Church in New Zealand, Catholic Publication Centre, Auckland, 1978.
  • Felix Donnelly, One Priest's Life, Australia and New Zealand Book Company, Auckland, 1982, pp. 7–17.
  • E.R. Simmons, In Cruce Salus, A History of the Diocese of Auckland 1848 - 1980, Catholic Publication Centre, Auckland 1982.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Felix Donnelly, Father Forgive Them, GP Books, Wellington, 1990.
  • Thomas J. Ryder, Following all Your Ways, Lord - Recollections of Fr Thomas J. Ryder (transcribed and compiled by Margaret Paton) (Privately published, no date - perhaps early 1990s).
  • Hugh McGahan, Hughie: Hugh McGahan, Kiwi Captain, Nicholls Publishing, Christchurch, 1992, pp. 13–17
  • Mark Williams (ed), The Source of the Song; New Zealand Writers on Catholicism, Victoria University Press, 1995, pp. 9 and 10.
  • NZ Catholic : the national Catholic newspaper, 1996–present.
  • James Allen: Growing Up Gay: New Zealand Men Tell Their Stories, Godwit, Auckland, 1996, pp. 106 – 108.
  • David McGill, I Almost Tackled Kel Tremain, Silver Owl Press, 1996, pp. 20–32.
  • Paul Malcolm Robertson, Nga Parata Karaitiana The Christian Brothers, A Public Culture in Transition, A Comparative Study of the Indian and New Zealand Provinces, an unpublished thesis for MA in Anthropology, University of Auckland, 1996.
  • Denis Edwards, Vows: Nuns and Priests Speak Out, Penguin, Auckland, 1997.
  • Graeme Donaldson, To All Parts of the Kingdom: Christian Brothers In New Zealand 1876-2001, Christian Brothers New Zealand Province, Christchurch, 2001.
  • Rory Sweetman, A Fair and Just Solution? A History of the Integration of Private Schools in New Zealand, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, 2002.
  • Tony Waters, Confortare, A History of Sacred Heart College, Auckland 1903 - 2003: a Marist Brothers secondary school, Sacred Heart College, Auckland, 2003.
  • John Tamihere and Helen Bain, John Tamihere Black and White, Reed, Auckland 2004.
  • Andrew Mason, Henry Cooper of Auckland Grammar School, David Ling Publishing for the Auckland Grammar School Old Boys' Association, Auckland 2005.
  • Graham W. A. Bush (ed), The History of Epsom, Epsom & Eden District Historical Society Inc, Auckland, 2006.
  • Nicholas Reid, James Michael Liston: A Life, Victoria University Press, Wellington, 2006.
  • "Bro V. N. Cusack Tuckshop", St Peter's College Newsletter No. 08/2006, Friday 2 June 2006.
  • Sean Millar, Railway Stations of Auckland's Western Line: Boston Road to Waitakere before the 2004 upgrade programme, 2nd edition, Sean Millar, Huia, 2007.
  • Paul Goldsmith and Michael Bassett, The Myers, David Ling Publishing Ltd, Auckland, 2007.
  • Nicholas Reid, The Life and Work of Reginald John Delargey Cardinal, Catholic Diocese of Auckland/Pindar, Auckland, 2008.
  • Education Review Office, Review Report, Auckland Grammar School, October 2008.
  • Education Review Office, Review Report, St Peter's College, Epsom, August 2009
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