State Fair of Texas
|State Fair of Texas|
The State Fair of Texas
|Dates||Begins last Friday of September and last 24 days
September 26-October 19, 2014
|Years active||1886- Present|
|Attendance||2,618,500* (2010 *MCW )|
The State Fair of Texas is an annual state fair held in Dallas, Texas, USA at historic Fair Park. The fair has taken place every year since 1886 except for varying periods during World War I and World War II.1 It usually begins the last Friday in September and ends 24 days later. The 2013 fair began on September 27 and concluded October 20. It is considered to be Dallas's "signature event".2
Traditionally, the centerpiece of the fair has been the annual college football game between Oklahoma and Texas, nicknamed the Red River Rivalry (historically known as the "Texas-OU Game") and played in the Cotton Bowl at Fair Park. Also, the State Fair Classic, featuring Grambling State University and Prairie View A&M University, is played at the Cotton Bowl during the fair. In 2010, Baylor and Texas Tech played their game during the fair for the first time. During the opening weekend of the 2013 fair, Army and Louisiana Tech played in the inaugural Heart of Dallas Kickoff Classic at the Cotton Bowl.
The State Fair of Texas is the only fair in the country to include a full blown auto show, dating back to 1904.3 It includes over 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) of new model vehicles, two buildings, a Truck Zone and a Test Drive Track. It has been the site for several international launches including the 1998 Chevrolet Blazer, the 2007 Chevrolet Tahoe and the 2008 Ford Explorer SportTrac.
The State Fair also showcases "Birds of the World" where several birds fly overhead. The Texas Skyway is a gondola ride that transports visitors around the fairgrounds. Its construction cost 5 million dollars. There is also a BMX bike show as well as dog and pig races. For children, puppet shows, Children's Medical Center Barnyard, and Story Time also take place inside the fair.4
In recent years the fair has emphasized its reputation as an event featuring unique, albeit high-fat foods. It has been known for years for Fletcher's brand corny dogs. Recent years have seen the introduction of new unusual deep-fried items, including deep-fried Oreos, deep-fried Twinkies, deep-fried s'mores, deep-fried pork ribs, fried cheesecake; deep-fried butter, deep-fried peanut butter, jelly, and banana sandwiches, and most recently a batter-based fried Coke. New foods in 2008 included chicken fried bacon and fried banana splits. For the 2012 fair, the Girl Scouts of Northeast Texas added the deep-fried Samoa cookie.5
The State Fair of Texas was originally charted as a private corporation by local businessmen. It was an immediate success and attracted thousands of people. However, in 1904 a series of events led to a financial crisis and not enough income was available to keep the fair running. Therefore, the businessmen sold it to the city of Dallas with the agreement that 24 days during the fall would be set aside annually for the fair and exhibition.6 As of 2003, the fair's marketing director estimated that it was bringing about US$350 million dollars into the Dallas economy.
Big Tex, a 52 ft (16 m) tall cowboy, has been its symbol since his introduction in 1952. In 1953, Big Tex's jaw was hinged, so that he appears to "speak" the announcements that promote fair events.7 After a fire on October 19, 2012 destroyed the original Big Tex, he was rebuilt and reintroduced for the 2013 fair.
DART's Fair Park Station and MLK Jr. Station opened in 2009 to serve Fair Park and the State Fair. In addition to regular service on the Green Line, the Red Line and Blue Line also run "special event" trains to Fair Park Station for major fair events.9
||This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (October 2012)|
- The State Fair of Texas opened its gates for the first time on October 26, 1886. Approximately 14,000 people attend the opening day.
- On November 7, 1886, the fair closes and attracted over 100,000 people for the very first year.
- In 1913, the fair introduces the first Automobile building which was filled with 175 vehicles for fairgoers to see.
- The fair was canceled in 1918 due to the US Army taking control of Fair Park to establish an aviation boot camp known as Camp Dick.
- In 1930, construction of Fair Park Stadium (now known as the Cotton Bowl) begins.
- In 1932, TX-OU play their Red River Rivalry for the first time at Fair Park Stadium.
- In 1937, the first Cotton Bowl Classic is played in Fair Park.
- Big Tex makes his first appearance in 1952.
- In 1956 the Trailblazer monorail began operation at Fair Park from 1956 to 1964. It was the first commercially operated monorail system in the United States
- Elvis Presley performs in the Cotton Bowl during the fair in 1956.
- In 1960, The Dallas Texans (AFL) and the Dallas Cowboys(NFL) play their first season in the Cotton Bowl.
- In 1964 the monorail closed and was replaced by the Swiss Sky Ride, a 64 car aerial ride that traveled over a 3,800 foot path (the longest ever built).
- In 1979, a tragic Sky Ride accident occurred during the last day of the fair, prompting the removal of the attraction.
- In 1983, an eighteen-year-old boy was killed and several bystanders were injured when a gondola fell off the Enterprise (ride).
- In 1985 the Texas Star opens as the largest ferris wheel in North America.
- In 1989, The Comet Roller Coaster, a Fair Park landmark since 1947, is torn down.
- Big Tex receives a new look in 1999.
- Following the 2001 September 11 attacks, Dallas police and State Fair officials announce the implementation of new security measures during the annual event.
- In 2005, the Fried Peanut Butter, Jelly and Banana Sandwich is introduced to the fair.
- In 2007 the Texas Skyway aerial ride opens in Fair Park.
- In 2010, the 8000 ft Greenhouse on the Midway is built to house 1000 hanging baskets, beehives, and Farmer Mike the Pumpkin Carver.
- Fairgoers spent more than $37 million in 2010 which broke the fair's record.
- On October 19, 2012, Big Tex caught on fire, burning it down to the skeletal frame, with only the right arm remaining.
- In 2013:
- The annual State Fair of Texas BBQ and Chili Competition is becoming a popular pre-fair event in which participants compete for best CASI Rules Chili, open 'no rules' chili, Ribs and Chicken. http://www.bigtex.com/sft/CreativeArts/documents/BARBCOOK12.pdf
- "What makes us unique," BigTex.com. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
- "Official website of The State Fair of Texas".
- Nancy Wiley, "STATE FAIR OF TEXAS," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/lks02), accessed August 16, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- Steven Butler. Fair Park Timeline, part 4: The Post-Exposition Years (1938-1984)
- Norman Anderson. Ferris wheels: an illustrated history, Popular Press, 1992, page 138-40.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Texas State Fair.|
- The State Fair of Texas
- State Fair of Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Local guide to State Fair of Texas events
- Photos submitted by Fairgoers