State Transit Authority of New South Wales

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The State Transit Authority of New South Wales (STA) is an agency of the Government of New South Wales based in Sydney, Australia, operating bus and ferry services. The STA reports to the Minister for Transport. The chairman is former Premier of New South Wales, Barrie Unsworth.


The State Transit Authority comprises two business units.

  • Sydney Buses operates commuter bus services to much of inner metropolitan Sydney
  • Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates commuter bus services throughout the Newcastle metropolitan area through to Swansea and the Newcastle-Stockton ferry

Sydney Buses

Sydney Buses is a commuter bus service operating in Sydney. The network is loosely based on the reach of the city's former tram network. On 20 October 2013 many routes had their timetable revised to ensure better reliability.

Sydney Buses has grown significantly through acquisitions of smaller bus companies as reforms to contracting arrangements encourage consolidation in the industry. In December 1999 North & Western Bus Lines was purchased followed in early 2000 by Parramatta-Ryde Bus Service.12

Sydney Buses operates a number of high-profile services.

Newcastle Buses & Ferries

Passengers board the Newcastle-Stockton ferry service

Newcastle Buses & Ferries is a commuter bus and ferry service operating in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Newcastle and Stockton. The network radiates from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges are located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square, Westfield Kotara and Broadmeadow station.

Trips within a designated area of the Newcastle CBD on State Transit-operated bus services are zero-fare under the Newcastle Alliance's Free City Buses programme. The zero-fare zone operates between 7:30 am and 6:00 pm, seven days a week. The programme receives funding from the Honeysuckle Development Corporation and the Government of New South Wales.


Sydney Buses operates services in the following areas:

  • 100 series - Northern Beaches
  • 200 series - Northern District and North Shore
  • 300 series - Eastern Suburbs
  • 400 series - Inner West, Southern Suburbs and Eastern Suburbs (400,410,418 Bondi Jn Services)
  • 500 series - North Western Suburbs
  • 890 series - University Of New South Wales
  • 990 series - Late Nights City

Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates services in Newcastle. It also operates a ferry service between Queens Wharf on the Newcastle waterfront and Stockton across the Hunter River.

Tickets & fares

Sydney Buses services charge fares on the basis of distance. Newcastle Buses & Ferries bus services charge fares on the basis of travel time. Journeys on Newcastle buses within a certain area of the CBD are zero-fare during the day. Fares are set by the Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal of New South Wales.

Fares are calculated on the number of sections travelled, where one section is approximately 1.6 kilometres.

State Transit services uses a variety of tickets under the MyZone structure. These include single ride tickets bought on board buses or from selected resellers, MyBus TravelTen, MyMulti, Pensioner Excursion Ticket, MyMulti DayPass and Opal Card.

On single ride tickets, the bus number + 4,000 (e.g. 6492 = 2492) is printed on the top left side, the time of travel, route number and direction of travel is printed on the bottom. For TravelTen tickets, the route number is printed on the left, followed by the section number, then the direction of travel, the time of travel, the bus number + 4,000 (e.g. 6492 = 2492) and the trip number.

State Transit services use the Automated Fare Collection System and its magnetic stripe multi-ride tickets. In 2006 route 333 Bondi Beach - Circular Quay was the subject of a prepay only test. The test was successful and further prepay routes have been introduced. In 2009 the STA progressively rolled out prepay only to all CBD bus stops between 7:00 am and 7:00 pm.

State Transit Route 333 from City-Circular Quay to North Bondi via Oxford St and Bondi Beach is the first and currently only service operated by state transit to use the Opal Card. More services will be added soon and across the whole network by 2015.


In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the New South Wales Government Railways to form the Public Transport Commission.

In July 1980 the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.9

In January 1989 the Urban Transit Authority was restructured as the State Transit Authority of New South Wales taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport.10 The hydrofoils were replaced with high-speed catamarans and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System in use today.

In 2004 the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation.

On 13 October 2013, T-way service T80 was transferred from Western Sydney Buses (a subsidiary of State Transit) to Transit Systems Sydney who was awarded the Region 3 Contract.


Custom Coaches bodied Volvo B12BLE articulated bus
Ansair 'Orana' bodied Scania L113TRBL 14.5m

As of April 2014 the STA fleet consisted of 2,153 buses operating in both Sydney and Newcastle from 15 depots.11

All State Transit vehicles are now fitted with digital CCTV surveillance with five cameras aboard each bus to improve security and deter vandalism and anti-social behaviour. The STA continues to improve its environmental impact with a large percentage of the fleet being powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) as well as meeting strict emissions regulations with 270 Euro 5 compliant vehicles entering service from 2007.

142 - Mercedes-Benz O405 / Pressed Metal Corporation "Mk V"

247 Mercedes-Benz O405 with PMC "Mk V" bodies were entered service in 1988 - 1990 after the major success of the previous Mercedes-Benz O305 / Pressed Metal Corporation "Mk IV" of which 355 entered service in 1983 and were withdrawn by 2012.

As of 22/04/14 105 Mercedes-Benz O405 / Pressed Metal Corporation "Mk V" have been withdrawn.

The remaining buses:

31 That were manufactured in 1988

85 That were manufactured in 1989

26 that were manufactured in 1990

The following bus models entered service in the 1990s: (updated 22/04/14)

  • 3 - Mercedes-Benz O405 - Pressed Metal Corporation PMC160
  • 2 - Mercedes-Benz O405N - Ansair 'Orana' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 48 - Scania L113TRBL 14.5m - Ansair 'Orana'
  • 100 - Scania L113CRB CNG - Ansair 'Orana' (currently undergoing refurbishment)
  • 156 - Scania L113CRL - Ansair 'Orana' Handicapped/disabled access (currently undergoing refurbishment)
  • 16 - MAN 11.220 - Ansair 'Orana' Handicapped/disabled access

The following bus models entered service in the 2000s: (updated 22/04/14)

  • 4 - Volvo B10B - Custom Coaches '238'
  • 64 - Volvo B10BLE - Ansair 'Orana' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 60 - Volvo B10BLE - Phoenix Bus 'Orana' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 4 - Mercedes-Benz O405 - Custom Coaches '516'
  • 299 - Mercedes-Benz O405NH CNG - Custom Coaches 'Citaro' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 150 - Volvo B12BLE - Custom Coaches 'CB60' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 48 - Volvo B12BLE - Volgren 'CR228L' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 80 - Volvo B12BLEA Euro 3 Articulated - Custom Coaches 'CB60' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 2 - Volvo B12BLEA Euro 5 Articulated - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II Handicapped/disabled access
  • 270 - Volvo B12BLE Euro 5 - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 254 - Mercedes-Benz O500LE CNG - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 1 - Scania K310UA - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 1- Scania N310UA - Volgren 'CR228L' Handicapped/disabled access
  • 1 - Scania K310UB - Volgren 'CR228L' Handicapped/disabled access

The following bus models entered service in the 2010s: (updated 22/04/14)

Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates two vessels, Shortland and Hunter, both of which entered service in 1988. The vessels are named for Newcastle pioneers Lieutenant John Shortland and Vice Admiral John Hunter.


State Transit operate 14 depots. The depots (depot code indicated) are located at:

External links


  1. ^ "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
  2. ^ "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
  3. ^ Metrobus Sydney Buses
  4. ^ By Lisa S. "Manly Daily | 2hrs 5mins – Sydney’s longest bus trip". Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Prepay Sydney Buses
  6. ^ Free Shuttle Information Sydney Buses
  7. ^ Timetable 890, 891, 892 & 895 Sydney Buses
  8. ^ Timetable 998 & 999 Sydney Buses
  9. ^ Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales NSW Government State Records
  10. ^ "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
  11. ^ State Transit Authority Australian Bus Fleet Lists

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