State Transit Authority of New South Wales
The State Transit Authority of New South Wales (STA) is an agency of the Government of New South Wales based in Sydney, Australia, operating bus and ferry services. The STA reports to the Minister for Transport. The chairman is former Premier of New South Wales, Barrie Unsworth.
The State Transit Authority comprises two business units.
- Sydney Buses operates commuter bus services to much of inner metropolitan Sydney
- Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates commuter bus services throughout the Newcastle metropolitan area through to Swansea and the Newcastle-Stockton ferry
Sydney Buses is a commuter bus service operating in Sydney. The network is loosely based on the reach of the city's former tram network. On 20 October 2013 many routes had their timetable revised to ensure better reliability.
Sydney Buses has grown significantly through acquisitions of smaller bus companies as reforms to contracting arrangements encourage consolidation in the industry. In December 1999 North & Western Bus Lines was purchased followed in early 2000 by Parramatta-Ryde Bus Service.12
Sydney Buses operates a number of high-profile services.
- Metrobus: high-frequency accessible buses with Sydney Buses operating M10, M20, M30, M40, M41, M50, M52 and M543
- L90: Palm Beach - Central station with a journey length of 44 kilometres is the longest bus route operated by Sydney Buses4
- 300: zero-fare late-night service connecting Kings Cross and Central station early on Saturday and Sunday mornings.
- 333: Bondi Beach - Circular Quay via Bondi Junction and Darlinghurst. It was the city's first prepay only limited stops bus service5
- 370: cross country service between Coogee Beach - Marketplace Leichhardt via the University of New South Wales and Newtown
- 373: a 24-hour service that operates between Coogee Beach, Randwick Jn, Moore Park, Darlinghurst and Circular Quay
- 380: a 24-hour service that operates between North Bondi, Bondi Beach, Bondi Junction, Paddington, Darlinghurst and Circular Quay
- 400: MetroLine connecting Burwood, Sydney Airport, the University of New South Wales, Randwick Jn and Bondi Junction
- 410: MetroLine connecting Rockdale, Eastgardens, the University of New South Wales, Randwick Jn and Bondi Junction
- 418: cross country service between Burwood - Bondi Junction via Tempe and Randwick Jn
- 555: zero-fare CBD service along George between Circular Quay and Central station operating from 9:30 am – 3:30 pm on weekdays (Thursdays till 9:00 pm) and from 9:30 am – 6:00 pm on weekends.6
- 890, 891, 892 & 895: prepay express routes connecting the CBD with the University of New South Wales7
- 998: zero-fare late-night service connecting The Rocks and Queen Victoria Building early on Saturday and Sunday mornings8
Newcastle Buses & Ferries is a commuter bus and ferry service operating in Newcastle and Lake Macquarie. Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates 28 bus routes plus a ferry service across the Hunter River between Newcastle and Stockton. The network radiates from a bus terminal near Newcastle station. Major interchanges are located at the University of Newcastle, Wallsend, Glendale, Warners Bay, Belmont, Charlestown Square, Westfield Kotara and Broadmeadow station.
Trips within a designated area of the Newcastle CBD on State Transit-operated bus services are zero-fare under the Newcastle Alliance's Free City Buses programme. The zero-fare zone operates between 7:30 am and 6:00 pm, seven days a week. The programme receives funding from the Honeysuckle Development Corporation and the Government of New South Wales.
Sydney Buses operates services in the following areas:
- 100 series - Northern Beaches
- 200 series - Northern District and North Shore
- 300 series - Eastern Suburbs
- 400 series - Inner West, Southern Suburbs and Eastern Suburbs (400,410,418 Bondi Jn Services)
- 500 series - North Western Suburbs
- 890 series - University Of New South Wales
- 990 series - Late Nights City
Sydney Buses services charge fares on the basis of distance. Newcastle Buses & Ferries bus services charge fares on the basis of travel time. Journeys on Newcastle buses within a certain area of the CBD are zero-fare during the day. Fares are set by the Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal of New South Wales.
Fares are calculated on the number of sections travelled, where one section is approximately 1.6 kilometres.
State Transit services uses a variety of tickets under the MyZone structure. These include single ride tickets bought on board buses or from selected resellers, MyBus TravelTen, MyMulti, Pensioner Excursion Ticket, MyMulti DayPass and Opal Card.
On single ride tickets, the bus number + 4,000 (e.g. 6492 = 2492) is printed on the top left side, the time of travel, route number and direction of travel is printed on the bottom. For TravelTen tickets, the route number is printed on the left, followed by the section number, then the direction of travel, the time of travel, the bus number + 4,000 (e.g. 6492 = 2492) and the trip number.
State Transit services use the Automated Fare Collection System and its magnetic stripe multi-ride tickets. In 2006 route 333 Bondi Beach - Circular Quay was the subject of a prepay only test. The test was successful and further prepay routes have been introduced. In 2009 the STA progressively rolled out prepay only to all CBD bus stops between 7:00 am and 7:00 pm.
State Transit Route 333 from City-Circular Quay to North Bondi via Oxford St and Bondi Beach is the first and currently only service operated by state transit to use the Opal Card. More services will be added soon and across the whole network by 2015.
In view of its political sensitivity, the agencies responsible for public transport in New South Wales are frequently restructured. Buses and ferries were the responsibility of the Department of Government Transport until 1972, when it was merged with the New South Wales Government Railways to form the Public Transport Commission.
In July 1980 the Transport Authorities Act 1980 (NSW) separated the functions of the Public Transport Commission with the State Rail Authority taking responsibility for trains, and the Urban Transit Authority responsibility for buses and ferries.9
In January 1989 the Urban Transit Authority was restructured as the State Transit Authority of New South Wales taking over the private bus service functions of the Department of Motor Transport.10 The hydrofoils were replaced with high-speed catamarans and the MetroTen ticketing system introduced a few years before was replaced with the Automated Fare Collection System in use today.
In 2004 the STA's Sydney Ferries business was separated into a separate agency, Sydney Ferries Corporation.
On 13 October 2013, T-way service T80 was transferred from Western Sydney Buses (a subsidiary of State Transit) to Transit Systems Sydney who was awarded the Region 3 Contract.
All State Transit vehicles are now fitted with digital CCTV surveillance with five cameras aboard each bus to improve security and deter vandalism and anti-social behaviour. The STA continues to improve its environmental impact with a large percentage of the fleet being powered by compressed natural gas (CNG) as well as meeting strict emissions regulations with 270 Euro 5 compliant vehicles entering service from 2007.
247 Mercedes-Benz O405 with PMC "Mk V" bodies were entered service in 1988 - 1990 after the major success of the previous Mercedes-Benz O305 / Pressed Metal Corporation "Mk IV" of which 355 entered service in 1983 and were withdrawn by 2012.
The remaining buses:
31 That were manufactured in 1988
85 That were manufactured in 1989
26 that were manufactured in 1990
The following bus models entered service in the 1990s: (updated 22/04/14)
- 3 - Mercedes-Benz O405 - Pressed Metal Corporation PMC160
- 2 - Mercedes-Benz O405N - Ansair 'Orana'
- 48 - Scania L113TRBL 14.5m - Ansair 'Orana'
- 100 - Scania L113CRB CNG - Ansair 'Orana' (currently undergoing refurbishment)
- 156 - Scania L113CRL - Ansair 'Orana' (currently undergoing refurbishment)
- 16 - MAN 11.220 - Ansair 'Orana'
The following bus models entered service in the 2000s: (updated 22/04/14)
- 4 - Volvo B10B - Custom Coaches '238'
- 64 - Volvo B10BLE - Ansair 'Orana'
- 60 - Volvo B10BLE - Phoenix Bus 'Orana'
- 4 - Mercedes-Benz O405 - Custom Coaches '516'
- 299 - Mercedes-Benz O405NH CNG - Custom Coaches 'Citaro'
- 150 - Volvo B12BLE - Custom Coaches 'CB60'
- 48 - Volvo B12BLE - Volgren 'CR228L'
- 80 - Volvo B12BLEA Euro 3 Articulated - Custom Coaches 'CB60'
- 2 - Volvo B12BLEA Euro 5 Articulated - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II
- 270 - Volvo B12BLE Euro 5 - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II'
- 254 - Mercedes-Benz O500LE CNG - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II'
- 1 - Scania K310UA - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II'
- 1- Scania N310UA - Volgren 'CR228L'
- 1 - Scania K310UB - Volgren 'CR228L'
The following bus models entered service in the 2010s: (updated 22/04/14)
- 20 - Mercedes-Benz O500LE Euro 5 (diesel) - Custom Coaches 'CB60 Evo II'
- 150 - Volvo B12BLEA Articulated - Volgren 'CR228L' Euro 5
- 100 - Volvo B7RLE - 'Custom Coaches CB80'
- 100 - Scania K280UB - 'Custom Coaches CB80'
- 33 - Volvo B7RLE - Volgren "CR228L"
- 1 - Mercedes-Benz O500LE Euro 5 (diesel) 'Custom Coaches CB80'
- 43 - Scania K280UB - Bustech VST
- 1 - Scania N280UB - Volgren 'CR228L'
Newcastle Buses & Ferries operates two vessels, Shortland and Hunter, both of which entered service in 1988. The vessels are named for Newcastle pioneers Lieutenant John Shortland and Vice Admiral John Hunter.
State Transit operate 14 depots. The depots (depot code indicated) are located at:
- Transport Info - timetable and fare information
- State Transit Authority - corporate information
- Sydney Buses - corporate information
- Newcastle Buses & Ferries - corporate information
- Transport for NSW - corporate information
- "State Transit Reaches Parramatta" Fleetline January 2000 page 22
- "STA Purchases North & Western and Parramatta-Ryde" Australian Bus Panorama 15/4 February 1990
- Metrobus Sydney Buses
- By Lisa S. "Manly Daily | 2hrs 5mins – Sydney’s longest bus trip". Shoroc.com. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Prepay Sydney Buses
- Free Shuttle Information Sydney Buses
- Timetable 890, 891, 892 & 895 Sydney Buses
- Timetable 998 & 999 Sydney Buses
- Urban Transit Authority of New South Wales NSW Government State Records
- "New name for Urban Transit" Fleetline February 1989 page 22
- State Transit Authority Australian Bus Fleet Lists