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According to the Syrian Constitution, the Arab Socialist Ba'at Party of Syria is the leader of the state and society and thus, the president should be a member of the party. The National Progressive Front, which is a political coalition led by the Ba'ath Party, nominates a candidate in parliament, the People's Council. The candidate must be approved by at least two thirds of the members to proceed to the next step which is a general referendum in which a candidate must claim a percentage of more than 50%.
According to Interior MinisterBassam Abdel Majeed, Assad won 97.62 per cent of the vote.23 "This great consensus shows the political maturity of Syria and the brilliance of our democracy," said the interior minister, while the ministry described voter turnout as "enormous".4