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A tailgate party is a social event held on and around the open tailgate of a vehicle. Tailgating, which originated in the United States, often involves consuming alcoholic beverages and grilling food. Tailgate parties usually occur in the parking lots at stadiums and arenas, before and occasionally after games and concerts. People attending such a party are said to be tailgating. Many people participate even if their vehicles do not have tailgates.
Tailgate parties have spread to the pre-game festivities at sporting events besides football, such as basketball, hockey, soccer, and baseball, and also occur at non-sporting events such as weddings and barbecues.
In schools and communities throughout the United States, there are athletic departments, coaches and parents of student athletes who rely on post-game tailgating parties to build community and support for their program and team. Smaller, underfunded programs are assisted by the voluntary participation of parents and friends to feed the team and coaching staff post-competition, which establishes a strong core of support year after year.citation needed
Tailgating typically involves the consumption of alcoholic beverages or soft drinks and the grilling of various meat products. Popular tailgate party foods include picnic staples such as hamburgers, hot dogs, baked beans, and cold salads like coleslaw or potato salad. Some food products were created because of tailgate parties. A brand of pimento cheese, called Palmetto Cheese, got its start at Atlanta Braves tailgate parties.3 Various tailgating games include beer pong, ladder toss, cornhole, washer pitching and flipcup.4 It is also common for fans to bring out stereo equipment to tailgate parties to dance.
Lawn games such as Cornhole, Ladder Golf, Polish horseshoes, Louisville Chugger, and Sholf are very popular during tailgates and tailgate parties. Lawn games are associated with tailgating primarily because of the simplicity in the game materials.5 Lawn games carry the connotation of drinking games because of their presence during tailgates.6
The previously underground subculture is now a part of the mainstream sports media. In 1993, ESPN's pre-game college football show College GameDay took on a tailgate-party atmosphere by placing the hosts on a portable stage set at the campus of the school hosting the week's marquee rivalry matchup with fans gathering around it to celebrate. The Fox network's NASCAR on Fox and Fox NFL Sunday have also used similar setups. Veteran broadcaster John Madden has brought attention (and cameras) into the tailgating lots for years. Madden is the author of a book entitled John Madden's Ultimate Tailgating, released in 1998.7
For twelve years, Joe Cahn has been traveling the country from stadium to stadium, as the self-declared Commissioner of Tailgating.8 He has tailgated and tasted with fans of both college and NFL teams, and to many is the face and the voice of the tailgater. He calls the tailgating lot "the last American neighborhood" and refers to tailgate parties as "the new American community".8
In 2007, the NFL angered many football fans by banning tailgating before the Super Bowl.9 The NFL cited security risks, though many suspected it had more to do with corporate sponsored events than any real threat.10 In 2008, an online petition11 began circulating to encourage the NFL to lift the no tailgating at the Super Bowl policy. Members of the sports media12 also questioned the validity of NFL's claim that security concerns was the real reason for the ban.
In the Simpsons episode "Any Given Sundance" (season 19, episode 18, aired on March 4, 2008), Homer takes his family to a tailgate party. He makes them get up early in order to be at the stadium hours before the football game, and states that "the game is nothing", the tailgate party being the only reason for their being there.
A number of television commercials, especially those aired during football games, feature tailgaiting culture, including those for Bud Light beer and cellphones.
- Ritter, Kara (August 2006). "Ex-Steeler looks to sway support of Eagles' fans (abstract)". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-05-29.dead link
- Opening Night 2007 at the Santa Fe Opera on YouTube
- Paul Grimshaw. "Cheese Mongers". GrandStrandmag.com.
- Tailgating Ideas. "Tailgating Games to Play". Tailgatingideas.com.
- Nashville Lawngames. "Nashville Lawn Games - About Cornhole". NashvilleLawnGames.
- Backyard Barkeep. "Backyard Barkeep Featured in Tailgating Ideas". BackyardBarkeep.com.
- ESPN. "John Madden Bio". ESPN.
- Joe Cahn. "Who is Joe Cahn". Tailgating.com.
- CBS 4 Miami. "Tailgating Forbidden On Super Bowl Sunday". cbs4.com.
- Michael David Smith. "No Real Fans Allowed: Tailgating Banned at Super Bowl". America Online.
- "Allow Tailgating at the Super Bowl Petition". Tailgating Ideas.
- Ben Smith. "NFL's grill ban burns tailgaters". Fort Wayne Journal Gazette.
- Media related to Tailgate party at Wikimedia Commons
- Reining In Tailgate Parties A Challenge For Colleges - report by NPR
- All Bout Texas Tailgates